World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cinema of Moldova

Article Id: WHEBN0018006192
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cinema of Moldova  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Music of Moldova, Religion in Moldova, Moldovan cuisine, Languages of Moldova, List of cinema of the world
Collection: Cinema of Moldova
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cinema of Moldova

Cinema of Moldova
Cinema Patria Bălți
Number of screens 29 (2011)[1]
 • Per capita 0.9 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors Colaj
Elatrentservice
Gaudeamus Cinema[2]
Produced feature films (2009)[3]
Fictional 1
Animated -
Documentary -
Number of admissions (2012)[4]
Total 598,000
 • Per capita 0.168
Gross box office (2006)[5]
Total MDL 10 million

The Cinema of Moldova developed in the early 1960s during the Soviet period, experiencing a flowering of about a decade and a half. Stagnation followed, and after the Moldavian SSR became independent in 1991, the industry almost completely disappeared.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Filmography 1.1
  • International recognition 2
  • Cartoons 3
  • Personalities 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

On 26 April 1952 the USSR Ministry of Cinematography initiated the Documentary Film Studio in Chişinău. During the first year two documentaries, Kodry and Moldovan Cannery appeared. The picture directors were from Moscow and Odessa, as by that time there were no national workers in the field of cinema. Between 1952 and 1957, six documentaries were screened.

On 24 January 1957 the MSSR Council of Ministers took the decision to rename the "Documentary Film Studio of Chişinău" to the "Studio for Fiction Movies and Chronicle Documentaries from Chişinău" also named "Moldova-Film".

Filmography

In 1957, the first fiction comedy film was called Cînd omul nu-i la locul lui (When the man is not himself) after a script written by Ion Druta.

In 1968, the first cartoon film, The Goat with Three Kids, was released, a film inspired by Ion Creanga's fairy-tale with the same title. In 1972, the satirical series Usturici appeared.

Between 1952 and 1982, 120 fiction movies, 800 documentaries, 750 editions of the cinema magazine Soviet Moldova, 40 editions of Usturici and 40 cartoons were filmed at the Moldova-Film studio. It also dubbed 12 fiction movies and 70 short stories annually by the end of the 1980s.

A cinema was built in the beginning of the 1950s in the center of Chişinău, which is now part of the Moldovan "Patria" chain.

International recognition

The first internationally acclaimed success was the film of Moldovan producer Mihail Kalik - Lullaby (Russian: Колыбельная), released in 1960 at Moldova-Film studios. The movie was awarded the "Prize for Participation" at the international cinema competition at the Locarno International Film Festival, bringing attention to the emergent Moldovan film industry.

Another international success was Man Is Walking After the Sun (Man Is Following the Sun Russian: Человек идет за солнцем), written by Valeriu Gagiu and Mihail Kalik. The world press compared this movie to the Albert Lamorisse movie Le Ballon Rouge, where, just as in the Moldovan movie, the main hero was a little boy. Vadim Derbenev, the cameraman, was awarded the special jury diploma at the International Cinema Festival in Helsinki for his work.

Another one of the first Moldovan films was the Ataman of Codru Russian: Атаман кодр, which enjoyed success in Asia and Latin America. The viewers called the movie Ataman Kadyr.

The Moldovan breakthrough in the world's cinema industry was a film written by Ion Druţă and producer and cameraman Vadim Derbenev - Last Month of Autumn Russian: Последний месяц осени. The film received prizes at the Mar del Plata Film Festival, including the "Sympathy Prize of Viewers". Evgueniy Lebedev was awarded the main prize of the festival - the "Big Southern Cross" - in the best male role nomination. La Nación described the film as a "remarkably beautiful work". La Prensa wrote "This film, amongst all the mess that flooded the cinema world invites us to the sources of the true reachess of life". Besides appraisal in Argentina, the movie was awarded the Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival in 1966. At the International Film Festival Kino Pavasaris in Vilnius, the director Vadim Derbenev won "Best Production". However, in Vilnius, the film was awarded only the second main film prize, the first place being taken by Vytautas Žalakevičius's film Nobody Wanted to Die ( Russian: Никто не хотел умирать).

Lăutarii by Emil Loteanu (producer Vitaliy Kalashnikov, composer Eugen Doga) was a success, particularly in Italy. The movie received four prizes, including the "Prize of Viewers' Sympathy" and the second main prize "Silver Shell". Norwegian newspaper Arbeiterbladet compared the Moldovan movie to the Broadway musical The Sound of Music. Czech weekly Film a Divadlo wrote "Every nation expresses to the best its deepest feelings, but the Moldovan one did it the best". In 1975, the movie won in the category of "Best Foreign Film", leaving behind traditional Hollywood productions. During the week of Soviet Cinema in Naples, the film was awarded the "Silver Nymph".

Red Meadows by

Very few films have been made in Moldova since independence: the government has failed to protect its domestic industry and funding is rare (save for occasional co-productions). The country also has the world's second-lowest cinema attendance rate.[6]

Cartoons

The animation movies produced at Moldova-Studios reach an international audience. The cartoon Haiduc, produced by Leonid Gorokhov and Yuriy Katsap, with scenario written by Vlad Druc, was awarded the Grand-Prix of the Cannes Film Festival in the cartoon category.

Personalities

The top Soviet pop star Sofia Rotaru starred in the musical movie filmed at Moldova-Film studios called Dnestrovskiye melodiy.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Steve Kokker and Cathryn Kemp. Romania & Moldova, p.35. Lonely Planet (2004), ISBN 1-74104-149-X

External links

  • The history of the Molovan Film in figures and Images;
  • Moldovan Cinema Encyclopedia;
  • Moldovan Cinema Abroad;
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.