World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clemence-Irons House

Article Id: WHEBN0010576339
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clemence-Irons House  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Historic New England, Stone ender, Eleazer Arnold House, List of museums in Rhode Island, Norman Isham
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Clemence-Irons House

Clemence-Irons House
Location Johnston, Rhode Island
Coordinates
Built 1691
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Stone Ender
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference #

73000068

[1]
Added to NRHP July 2, 1973

The Clemence-Irons House (also known as the Edward Manton House) is an historic house at 38 George Waterman Road in Johnston, Rhode Island, US. It was built by Richard Clemence in 1691 and is a rare surviving example of a "stone ender," building type first developed in the western part of England and common in colonial Rhode Island. The house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is a historic house museum owned and operated by Historic New England. It is one day a month between June and mid-October.

History

The Irons house pictured in 1902 prior to restoration.

Richard Clemence, a farmer, constructed the Clemence-Irons house in 1691. Passing through a series of owners in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, the house had grown to 13 rooms by 1938, when it was purchased by Henry Sharpe and his sisters, Ellen Sharpe and Louisa Sharpe Metcalf. Additions by this time included a one-story parlor with a separate fireplace at the north end, a second lean-to with kitchen, bath and stair hall and two bedrooms, a one-story ell at the southwest corner, and a front hall and porch at the southeast corner.

Nonetheless, the Sharpe family valued the age and recognized the stone ender characteristics of the house. It commissioned Norman Isham, who had directed restoration efforts at nearby Eleazer Arnold House in 1920, to investigate the structure and restore the house to its 17th-century appearance.

The non-stone ender side of the house.

Isham determined that the original house consisted of one-and-a-half stories with a rear lean-to and a steep gable roof. In plan, he found evidence of four rooms on the first floor instead of the more typical one-room plan of other early stone-enders. Removing the later additions and baring the main block of non-original interior finishes, the house was rebuilt to reflect Isham's findings.

The plan consists of a great room and chamber in the main block, with a kitchen and second smaller chamber in the rear lean-to. Using a combination of salvaged and new materials to recreate the original appearance of the house, Isham also commissioned furnishings made from old wood to complement the architectural reconstruction.

Significant as one of the oldest houses in Rhode Island,[2] the Clemence-Irons House also is important as a record of mid-20th century restoration ideas and methods. The house was donated to the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, now known as Historic New England, in 1947. Together with the Eleazer Arnold House, the Clemence-Irons House provides a rare opportunity to study the stone ender in New England.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "NRHP nomination for Clemence-Irons House". Rhode Island Preservation. Retrieved 2014-09-24. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Historic New England website information
  • Photograph from MIT
  • Video of House
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. RI-6, "Thomas Clemence House, 38 George Waterman Road, Johnston, Providence County, RI", 25 photos, 12 measured drawings, 9 data pages, 1 photo caption page
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.