World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clinical neuroscience

Article Id: WHEBN0031926330
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clinical neuroscience  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Neuroscience, American Neuropsychiatric Association, Psychiatry, Neurophysiology, Psychopharmacology
Collection: Neuroscience, Psychiatry
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Clinical neuroscience

Clinical neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that focuses on the fundamental mechanisms that underlie diseases and disorders of the brain and central nervous system.[1] It seeks to develop new ways of diagnosing such disorders and ultimately on developing novel treatments.

Clinical neuroscientists — including psychiatrists, neurologists and other medical specialists — use basic research findings to develop diagnostic methods and ways to prevent and treat neurological disorders that affect millions of people.[2] Such disorders include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, bipolar disorder, brain tumors, depression, Down Syndrome, dyslexia, epilepsy, Huntington's Disease, multiple sclerosis, neurological AIDS, neurological trauma, pain, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, stroke, Tourette Syndrome, among many others.[3]

While neurology, neurosurgery and psychiatry are the main medical specialties constituting clinical neuroscience, other medical specialties such as neuroradiology, neuropathology, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, anesthesiology, and rehabilitation medicine are also considered by some as clinical neuroscience disciplines.[4][5]

One Mind for Research

The One Mind for Research Forum[6] held in Boston, Massachusetts on May 23-25, 2011 - attended by Vice President of the United States Joe Biden, convened by former congressman Patrick J. Kennedy and chaired by Harvard Provost Steven Hyman - produced the blueprint document A Ten-Year Plan for Neuroscience: From Molecules to Brain Health.[7]

In this document contributed by leading neuroscience practitioners in the United States, 17 key areas of opportunities are listed under the section Clinical Neuroscience. These include:

1. Rethinking curricula to break down intellectual silos

2. Training translational neuroscientists and clinical investigators

3. Investigating biomarkers

4. Improving psychiatric diagnosis

5. Developing a “Framingham Study of Brain Disorders” (i.e., longitudinal cohort for central nervous system disease)

6. Identifying developmental risk factors and producing effective interventions

7. Discovering new treatments for pain, including neuropathic pain

8. Treating disorders of neural signaling and pathological synchrony

9. Treating disorders of immunity or inflammation

10. Treating metabolic and mitochondrial disorders

11. Developing new treatments for depression

12. Treating addictive disorders

13. Improving treatment of schizophrenia

14. Preventing and treating cerebrovascular disease

15. Achieving personalized medicine

16. Understanding shared mechanisms of neurodegeneration

17. Advancing anesthesia.

In particular, under point #1, it is advocated that better integrated and scientifically driven curricula for practitioners of clinical neuroscience be developed, and that such curricula be shared among neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, neurosurgeons and neuroradiologists.

Given the various ethical, legal and societal implications for healthcare practitioners arising from advances in neuroscience, the University of Pennsylvania has inaugurated the Penn Conference on Clinical Neuroscience and Society in July 2011.[8]


See also

References

  1. ^ UCL Clinical Neuroscience
  2. ^ Society for Neuroscience - What is Neuroscience?
  3. ^ Society for Neuroscience - Brain Facts
  4. ^ University of Pennsylvania Clinical Neuroscience Track
  5. ^ UCL Clinical Neuroscience
  6. ^ One Mind for Research
  7. ^ A Ten-Year Plan for Neuroscience: From Molecules to Brain Health
  8. ^ Penn Conference on Clinical Neuroscience and Society


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.