Conservative Government 1979–1990


Margaret Thatcher was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between 4 May 1979 and 28 November 1990, during which time she led a Conservative government. She was the first woman to hold that office. During her premiership, Thatcher retained the Falkland Islands, moved to liberalise the British economy through deregulation, privatisation, introducing the Right to Buy, through lower taxation and the promotion of entrepreneurialism.

Ministers

The list in full

Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.

Office Name Dates Notes
Prime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Margaret Thatcher 4 May 1979 – 28 November 1990  
Minister of State, Civil Service Department Paul Channon 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Barney Hayhoe 5 January 1981 – 12 November 1981  
Lord Chancellor The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone 5 May 1979  
The Lord Havers 13 June 1987  
The Lord Mackay of Clashfern 26 October 1987  
Lord President of the Council The Lord Soames 5 May 1979  
Francis Pym 14 September 1981  
John Biffen 5 April 1982  
The Viscount Whitelaw 11 June 1983  
John Wakeham 10 January 1988  
Sir Geoffrey Howe 24 July 1989  
John MacGregor 2 November 1990  
Minister of State for the Privy Council Office The Earl of Gowrie 11 June 1983 – 11 September 1984  
Richard Luce 2 September 1985 – 24 July 1990  
David Mellor 24 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Lord Privy Seal Sir Ian Gilmour 5 May 1979  
Humphrey Atkins 14 September 1981  
The Baroness Young 6 April 1982  
John Biffen 11 June 1983  
John Wakeham 13 June 1987  
The Lord Belstead 10 January 1988  
Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Geoffrey Howe 5 May 1979  
Nigel Lawson 11 June 1983  
John Major 26 October 1989  
Chief Secretary to the Treasury John Biffen 5 May 1979  
Leon Brittan 5 January 1981  
Peter Rees 11 June 1983  
John MacGregor 2 September 1985  
John Major 13 June 1987  
Norman Lamont 24 July 1989  
Minister of State, Treasury Peter Rees 6 May 1979 – 14 September 1981  
Francis Cockfield 6 May 1979 – 6 April 1982  
Jock Bruce-Gardyne 15 September 1981 – 11 November 1981  
Barney Hayhoe 11 November 1981 – 2 September 1985  
John Wakeham 6 April 1982 – 13 June 1983  
Ian Gow 2 September 1985 – 19 November 1985  
Peter Brooke 19 November 1985 – 13 June 1987  
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury Michael Jopling 5 May 1979 
John Wakeham 11 June 1983  
David Waddington 13 June 1987  
Timothy Renton 28 October 1989 
Financial Secretary to the Treasury Nigel Lawson 6 May 1979  
Nicholas Ridley 30 September 1981  
John Moore 18 October 1983  
Norman Lamont 21 May 1986  
Peter Lilley 24 July 1989  
Francis Maude 14 July 1990  
Lords of the Treasury John MacGregor 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Peter Morrison 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
The Lord James Douglas-Hamilton 7 May 1979 – 1 October 1981  
Carol Mather 7 May 1979 – 1 October 1981  
David Waddington 16 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
John Wakeham 9 January 1981 – 15 September 1981  
The Hon. Robert Boscawen 9 January 1981 – 17 February 1983  
John Cope 9 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Tony Newton 1 October 1981 – 5 March 1982  
John Gummer 1 October 1981 – 6 January 1983  
Peter Brooke 1 October 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Alastair Goodlad 16 February 1982 – 10 September 1984  
Donald Thompson 14 January 1983 – 10 September 1986  
David Hunt 23 February 1983 – 10 September 1984  
Ian Lang 11 June 1983 – 1 February 1986  
Tristan Garel-Jones 11 June 1983 – 16 October 1986  
John Major 3 October 1984 – 1 November 1985  
The Hon. Archie Hamilton 3 October 1984 – 10 September 1986  
Tim Sainsbury 7 October 1985 – 23 June 1987  
Michael Neubert 10 February 1986 – 26 July 1988  
Peter Lloyd 16 October 1986 – 24 July 1988  
The Hon. Mark Lennox-Boyd 16 October 1986 – 25 July 1988  
Tony Durant 16 October 1986 – 19 December 1988  
David Lightbown 26 July 1987 – 24 July 1990  
Alan Howarth 27 July 1988 – 24 July 1989  
David Maclean 27 July 1988 – 24 July 1989  
Kenneth Carlisle 27 July 1988 – 22 July 1990  
Stephen Dorrell 20 December 1988 – 3 May 1990  
David Heathcoat-Amory 26 July 1989 – 28 October 1989  
John Taylor 26 July 1989 – 29 November 1990  
The Hon. Tom Sackville 30 October 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Michael Fallon 10 May 1990 – 22 July 1990  
Sydney Chapman 25 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Greg Knight 25 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Irvine Patnick 25 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs The Lord Carrington 5 May 1979  
Francis Pym 5 April 1982  
Sir Geoffrey Howe 11 June 1983  
John Major 14 June 1989  
Douglas Hurd 26 October 1989  
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Peter Blaker 5 May 1979 – 29 May 1981  
Nicholas Ridley 6 May 1979 – 29 September 1981  
Douglas Hurd 6 May 1979 – 11 June 1983  
Richard Luce 30 September 1981 – 5 April 1982  
Cranley Onslow 5 April 1982 – 13 June 1983  
The Lord Belstead 5 April 1982 – 13 June 1983  
Timothy Raison 6 January 1983 – 10 September 1986 also Minister of Overseas Development
Richard Luce 11 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
Malcolm Rifkind 13 June 1983 – 11 January 1986  
The Baroness Young 13 June 1983 – 13 June 1987  
Tim Renton 2 September 1985 – 13 June 1987  
Lynda Chalker 11 January 1986 – 28 November 1990 also Minister of Overseas Development from 24 July 1989
Chris Patten 10 September 1986 – 24 July 1989 also Minister of Overseas Development
David Mellor 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1988  
The Lord Glenarthur 13 June 1987 – 24 July 1989  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 26 July 1988 – 2 November 1990  
Francis Maude 24 July 1989 – 14 July 1990  
The Lord Brabazon of Tara 24 July 1989 – 24 July 1990  
The Earl of Caithness 14 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Tristan Garel-Jones 14 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
The Hon. Douglas Hogg 2 November 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Richard Luce 6 May 1979  
The Lord Trefgarne 14 September 1981  
Malcolm Rifkind 6 April 1982  
Ray Whitney 13 June 1983  
Tim Renton 11 September 1984  
Timothy Eggar 2 September 1985  
Tim Sainsbury 24 July 1989  
The Hon. Mark Lennox-Boyd 24 July 1990  
Minister for Overseas Development Timothy Raison 6 January 1983  
Chris Patten 10 September 1986 also Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Lynda Chalker 24 July 1989 also Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Secretary of State for the Home Department William Whitelaw 5 May 1979  
Leon Brittan 11 June 1983  
Douglas Hurd 2 September 1985  
David Waddington 26 October 1989  
Minister of State for Home Affairs Leon Brittan 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Timothy Raison 6 May 1979 – 6 January 1983  
Patrick Mayhew 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
David Waddington 6 January 1983 – 13 June 1987  
The Lord Elton 11 September 1984 – 25 March 1985  
Giles Shaw 11 September 1984 – 10 September 1986  
David Mellor 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
The Earl of Caithness 10 September 1986 – 10 January 1988  
John Patten 13 June 1987 – 28 November 1990  
The Earl Ferrers 10 January 1988 – 28 November 1990  
David Mellor 27 October 1989 – 22 June 1990  
Angela Rumbold 23 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs The Lord Belstead 7 May 1979 – 6 April 1982  
The Lord Elton 6 April 1982 – 11 September 1984  
David Mellor 6 January 1983 – 10 September 1986  
The Lord Glenarthur 27 March 1984 – 10 September 1986  
The Hon. Douglas Hogg 10 September 1986 – 26 July 1989  
Peter Lloyd 25 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Peter Walker 5 May 1979  
Michael Jopling 11 June 1983  
John MacGregor 13 June 1987  
John Gummer 24 July 1989  
Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food The Earl Ferrers 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
Alick Buchanan-Smith 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
John MacGregor 13 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
The Lord Belstead 13 June 1983 – 13 June 1987  
John Gummer 2 September 1985 – 26 July 1988  
The Baroness Trumpington 28 September 1989 – 14 April 1992  
Under-Secretary of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Jerry Wiggin 7 May 1979 – 29 September 1981  
Peggy Fenner 14 September 1981 – 10 September 1986  
Donald Thompson 10 September 1986 – 25 September 1987  
The Baroness Trumpington 13 June 1987 – 28 September 1989  
Richard Ryder 25 July 1988 – 14 July 1989  
David Curry 26 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
David Maclean 26 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Minister for the Arts Norman St John-Stevas 5 May 1979  
Paul Channon 5 January 1981  
The Earl of Gowrie 13 June 1983  
Richard Luce 2 September 1985  
David Mellor 26 July 1990  
Secretary of State for Defence Francis Pym 5 May 1979  
John Nott 5 January 1981  
Michael Heseltine 8 January 1983  
The Hon. George Younger 9 January 1986  
Tom King 24 July 1989  
Minister of State for Defence The Lord Strathcona 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
The Viscount Trenchard 5 January 1981 – 29 May 1981 Office abolished 29 May 1981; Trenchard appointed Minister of State for Defence Procurement
Minister of State for the Armed Forces Peter Blaker 29 May 1981  
John Stanley 13 June 1983  
Ian Stewart 13 June 1987  
The Hon. Archie Hamilton 25 July 1988  
Minister of State for Defence Procurement The Viscount Trenchard 29 May 1981  
Geoffrey Pattie 6 January 1983  
Adam Butler 11 September 1984  
Norman Lamont 2 September 1985  
The Lord Trefgarne 21 May 1986  
Alan Clark 24 July 1989  
Minister of State for Defence Support The Lord Trefgarne 2 September 1985 – 21 May 1986  
Under-Secretary of State for the Army Barney Hayhoe 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Philip Goodhart 5 January 1981 – 19 May 1981 Office abolished 29 May 1981; Goodhart appointed Under-Secretary of State for the Armed Forces
Under-Secretary of State for the Navy Keith Speed 6 May 1979 – 18 May 1981 Office abolished 29 May 1981
Under-Secretary of State for the Air Force Geoffrey Pattie 6 May 1979 – 29 May 1981 Office abolished 29 May 1981; Pattie appointed Under-Secretary of State for Defence Procurement
Under-Secretary of State for the Armed Forces Philip Goodhart 29 May 1981 – 30 September 1981
Jerry Wiggin 15 September 1981 – 11 June 1983  
The Lord Trefgarne 13 June 1983 – 1 September 1985  
Roger Freeman 21 May 1986 – 15 December 1988  
Michael Neubert 19 December 1988 – 23 July 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Defence Procurement Geoffrey Pattie 29 May 1981 – 6 January 1983  
Ian Stewart 6 January 1983 – 18 October 1983  
John Lee 18 October 1983 – 10 September 1986  
The Hon. Archie Hamilton 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Tim Sainsbury 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1989  
The Earl of Arran 25 July 1989 – 26 July 1990  
Kenneth Carlisle 26 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Education and Science Mark Carlisle 5 May 1979  
Sir Keith Joseph 14 September 1981  
Kenneth Baker 21 May 1986  
John MacGregor 24 July 1989  
Kenneth Clarke 2 November 1990  
Minister of State, Education and Science The Baroness Young 7 May 1979 – 14 September 1981  
Paul Channon 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Chris Patten 5 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
Angela Rumbold 10 September 1986 – 24 July 1990  
Tim Eggar 24 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State, Education and Science Rhodes Boyson 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
Neil Macfarlane 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
William Shelton 15 September 1981 – 13 June 1983  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 15 September 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Peter Brooke 13 June 1983 – 19 November 1985  
Bob Dunn 13 June 1983 – 26 July 1988  
George Walden 19 November 1985 – 13 June 1987  
The Baroness Hooper 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1988  
Robert Jackson 13 June 1987 – 24 July 1990  
John Butcher 26 July 1988 – 24 July 1989  
Alan Howarth 24 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Michael Fallon 24 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Employment James Prior 5 May 1979  
Norman Tebbit 14 September 1981  
Tom King 16 October 1983  
The Lord Young of Graffham 2 September 1985  
Norman Fowler 13 June 1987  
Michael Howard 3 January 1990  
Minister of State, Employment The Earl of Gowrie 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
Michael Alison 15 September 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Peter Morrison 13 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
John Gummer 18 October 1985 – 11 September 1984  
Kenneth Clarke 2 September 1985 – 13 June 1987 Also Paymaster-General
John Cope 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1989  
Tim Eggar 25 July 1989 – 23 July 1990  
Under-Secretary of State, Employment Jim Lester 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Patrick Mayhew 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
David Waddington 5 January 1981 – 6 January 1983  
Peter Morrison 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
John Gummer 6 January 1983 – 18 October 1983  
Alan Clark 13 June 1983 – 24 January 1986  
Peter Bottomley 11 September 1984 – 23 January 1986  
David Trippier 2 September 1985 – 13 June 1987 
Ian Lang 31 January 1986 – 10 September 1986  
John Lee 10 September 1986 – 26 July 1989  
Patrick Nicholls 13 June 1987 – 28 July 1989  
The Lord Strathclyde 26 July 1989 – 24 July 1990  
Robert Jackson 24 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Eric Forth 24 July 1990 – 14 April 1992  
The Viscount Ullswater 24 July 1990 – 16 September 1993  
Secretary of State for Energy David Howell 5 May 1979  
Nigel Lawson 14 September 1981  
Peter Walker 11 June 1983  
Cecil Parkinson 13 June 1987  
John Wakeham 24 July 1989  
Minister of State, Energy Hamish Gray 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
Alick Buchanan-Smith 13 June 1983 – 13 June 1987  
Peter Morrison 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1990  
Under-Secretary of State, Energy Norman Lamont 7 May 1979 – 5 September 1981  
John Moore 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
David Mellor 15 September 1981 – 6 January 1983  
The Earl of Avon 6 January 1983 – 11 September 1984  
Giles Shaw 13 June 1983 – 11 September 1984  
David Hunt 11 September 1984 – 13 June 1987  
Alastair Goodlad 11 September 1984 – 13 June 1987  
Michael Spicer 13 June 1987 – 3 January 1990  
The Baroness Hooper 26 July 1988 – 28 July 1989  
Tony Baldry 3 January 1990 – 28 November 1990  
The Hon. Colin Moynihan 24 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for the Environment Michael Heseltine 5 May 1979  
Tom King 6 January 1983  
Patrick Jenkin 11 June 1983  
Kenneth Baker 23 September 1985  
Nicholas Ridley 21 May 1986  
Chris Patten 24 July 1989  
Minister of State, Local Government Tom King 6 May 1979  
The Lord Bellwin 6 January 1983  
Kenneth Baker 11 September 1984  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 2 September 1985  
Rhodes Boyson 10 September 1986  
Michael Howard 13 June 1987  
John Gummer 25 July 1988  
David Hunt 25 July 1989  
Michael Portillo 4 May 1990  
Minister of State for Housing John Stanley 7 May 1979  
Ian Gow 13 June 1983  
John Patten 2 September 1985  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 13 June 1987  
The Earl of Caithness 25 July 1988  
Michael Howard 25 July 1989  
Michael Spicer 3 January 1990  
Minister of State, Environment The Lord Elton 27 March 1985 – 10 September 1986  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
The Lord Belstead 13 June 1987 – 10 January 1988  
The Earl of Caithness 10 January 1988 – 25 July 1988  
Michael Howard 25 July 1988 – 24 July 1989  
David Trippier 24 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Sport Hector Monro 7 May 1979 – 30 September 1981  
Neil Macfarlane 15 September 1981 – 2 September 1985  
Richard Tracey 7 September 1985 – 13 June 1987  
The Hon. Colin Moynihan 22 June 1987 – 26 July 1990  
Robert Atkins 26 July 1990 – 28 November 1990 Ministry attached to Office of Education and Science 28 November 1990
Under-Secretary of State, Environment Marcus Fox 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Geoffrey Finsberg 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
The Lord Bellwin 7 May 1979 – 6 January 1983  
Giles Shaw 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Sir George Young, Bt 15 September 1981 – 10 September 1986  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 13 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
The Earl of Avon 11 September 1984 – 27 March 1985  
Angela Rumbold 2 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
The Lord Skelmersdale 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Christopher Chope 10 September 1986 – 22 July 1990  
Marion Roe 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1988  
David Trippier 13 June 1987 – 23 July 1989  
Virginia Bottomley 25 July 1988 – 28 October 1989  
The Lord Hesketh 31 January 1989 – 2 November 1990  
David Heathcoat-Amory 28 October 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Patrick Nicholls 26 July 1990 – 12 October 1990  
The Lord Strathclyde 26 July 1990 – 7 September 1990  
The Baroness Blatch 7 September 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Robert Key 12 October 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Health and Social Security Patrick Jenkin 5 May 1979  
Norman Fowler 14 September 1981  
John Moore 13 June 1987 Reorganised into Office of Health and Office of Social Security 25 July 1988
Secretary of State for Health Kenneth Clarke 25 July 1988  
The Hon. William Waldegrave 2 November 1990  
Minister of State, Health Gerard Vaughan 7 May 1979  
Kenneth Clarke 5 March 1982  
Barney Hayhoe 2 September 1985  
Tony Newton 10 September 1986  
David Mellor 25 July 1988 under separate Office of Health
The Lord Trafford 29 July 1989  
Virginia Bottomley 28 October 1989  
Under-Secretary of State, Health and Social Security Sir George Young, Bt 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
Lynda Chalker 7 May 1979 – 5 March 1982  
Geoffrey Finsberg 15 September 1981 – 14 June 1983  
The Lord Elton 15 September 1981 – 6 April 1982  
Tony Newton 5 March 1982 – 11 September 1984  
The Lord Trefgarne 6 April 1982 – 14 June 1983  
John Patten 14 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
The Lord Glenarthur 14 June 1983 – 26 March 1985  
Ray Whitney 11 September 1984 – 10 September 1986  
The Baroness Trumpington 30 March 1985 – 13 June 1987  
John Major 2 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
Nicholas Lyell 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Edwina Currie 10 September 1986 – 25 July 1988  
Michael Portillo 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1988  
The Lord Skelmersdale 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1988  
Under-Secretary of State, Health Edwina Currie 25 July 1988 – 16 December 1988  
Roger Freeman 16 December 1988 – 4 May 1990  
The Baroness Hooper 29 September 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Stephen Dorrell 4 May 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Social Security John Moore 25 July 1988  
Tony Newton 23 July 1989  
Minister of State, Social Security Reginald Prentice 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Hugh Rossi 5 January 1981 – 12 June 1983  
Rhodes Boyson 12 June 1983 – 11 September 1984  
Tony Newton 11 September 1984 – 10 September 1986  
John Major 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Nicholas Scott 13 June 1987 – 28 November 1990 under separate Office of Social Security 25 July 1988
Under-Secretary of State, Social Security The Lord Skelmersdale 25 July 1988 – 26 July 1989  
Peter Lloyd 25 July 1988 – 28 July 1989  
The Lord Henley 25 July 1989 – 16 September 1993  
Gillian Shephard 25 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Industry Sir Keith Joseph, Bt 7 May 1979  
Patrick Jenkin 14 September 1981 Merged with the Office of Trade 12 June 1983
Minister of State, Industry Adam Butler 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
The Viscount Trenchard 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Norman Tebbit 5 January 1981 – 14 September 1981  
Norman Lamont 14 September 1981 – 12 June 1983  
Minister of State, Industry and Information Technology Kenneth Baker 5 January 1981 under Office of Trade and Industry from 12 June 1983
Geoffrey Pattie 11 September 1984 Office abolished 13 June 1987
Under-Secretary of State, Industry David Mitchell 6 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Michael Marshall 6 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
John MacGregor 5 January 1981 – 12 June 1983  
John Wakeham 15 September 1981 – 6 April 1982  
John Butcher 6 April 1982 – 12 June 1983  
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Norman St John-Stevas 5 May 1979  
Francis Pym 5 January 1981  
The Baroness Young 14 September 1981  
Cecil Parkinson 6 April 1982  
The Lord Cockfield 11 June 1983  
The Earl of Gowrie 11 September 1984  
Norman Tebbit 3 September 1985  
Kenneth Clarke 13 June 1987  
Tony Newton 25 July 1988  
Kenneth Baker 24 July 1989  
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Humphrey Atkins 5 May 1979  
James Prior 14 September 1981  
Douglas Hurd 11 September 1984  
Tom King 3 September 1985  
Peter Brooke 24 July 1989  
Minister of State, Northern Ireland Michael Alison 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
Hugh Rossi 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Adam Butler 5 January 1981 – 11 September 1984  
The Earl of Gowrie 15 September 1981 – 10 June 1983  
The Earl of Mansfield 13 June 1983 – 12 April 1984  
Rhodes Boyson 11 September 1984 – 10 September 1986  
Nicholas Scott 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
John Stanley 13 June 1987 – 25 July 1988  
Ian Stewart 25 July 1988 – 25 July 1989  
John Cope 25 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State, Northern Ireland The Lord Elton 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
Philip Goodhart 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Giles Shaw 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
David Mitchell 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
John Patten 5 January 1981 – 13 June 1983  
Nicholas Scott 15 September 1981 – 11 September 1986  
Chris Patten 14 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
The Lord Lyell 12 April 1984 – 25 July 1989  
Richard Needham
(The Earl of Kilmorey)
3 September 1985 – 28 November 1990  
Peter Viggers 10 September 1986 – 26 July 1989  
Brian Mawhinney 10 September 1986 – 28 November 1990  
Peter Bottomley 4 July 1989 – 28 July 1990  
The Lord Skelmersdale 24 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Paymaster-General Angus Maude 5 May 1979  
Francis Pym 5 January 1981  
Cecil Parkinson 14 September 1981  
vacant 11 June 1983  
John Gummer 11 September 1984  
Kenneth Clarke 2 September 1985 also Minister of State, Employment
Peter Brooke 13 June 1987  
The Earl of Caithness 24 July 1989  
Richard Ryder 14 July 1990  
Minister without Portfolio The Lord Young of Graffham 11 September 1984 – 3 September 1985  
Secretary of State for Scotland The Hon. George Younger 5 May 1979  
Malcolm Rifkind 11 January 1986  
Ian Lang 28 November 1990  
Michael Forsyth 5 July 1995  
Minister of State for Scotland The Earl of Mansfield 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1983  
The Lord Gray of Contin 13 June 1983 – 11 September 1986  
The Lord Glenarthur 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Ian Lang 13 June 1987 – 28 November 1990  
The Lord Sanderson of Bowden 13 June 1987 – 7 September 1990  
Michael Forsyth 7 September 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland Alexander Fletcher 7 May 1979 – 14 June 1983  
Russell Fairgrieve 7 May 1979 – 15 September 1981  
Malcolm Rifkind 7 May 1979 – 6 April 1982  
Allan Stewart 15 September 1981 – 10 September 1986  
John MacKay 6 April 1982 – 14 June 1987  
Michael Ancram
(The Marquess of Lothian)
13 June 1983 – 14 June 1987  
Ian Lang 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
The Lord James Douglas-Hamilton 13 June 1987 – 28 November 1990  
Michael Forsyth 13 June 1987 – 7 September 1990  
The Lord Strathclyde 7 September 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Trade John Nott 5 May 1979  
John Biffen 5 January 1981  
The Lord Cockfield 6 April 1982 merged with Office of Industry 12 June 1983
Minister for Consumer Affairs Sally Oppenheim-Barnes 5 May 1979  
Gerald Vaughan 5 March 1982  
vacant 13 June 1983 under Office of Trade and Industry
Minister for Trade Cecil Parkinson 7 May 1979  
Peter Rees 14 September 1981  
Paul Channon 13 June 1983 under Office of Trade and Industry
Alan Clark 24 January 1986  
The Lord Trefgarne 25 July 1989  
Tim Sainsbury 23 July 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Trade Norman Tebbit 5 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
Reginald Eyre 7 May 1979 – 5 March 1982
The Lord Trefgarne 5 January 1981 – 15 September 1981
Iain Sproat 15 September 1981 – 12 June 1983
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Cecil Parkinson 12 June 1983  
Norman Tebbit 16 October 1983  
Leon Brittan 2 September 1985  
Paul Channon 24 January 1986  
The Lord Young of Graffham 13 June 1987  
Nicholas Ridley 24 July 1989  
Peter Lilley 14 July 1990  
Minister for Industry The Hon. Douglas Hogg 24 July 1989  
The Lord Hesketh 2 November 1990  
Minister for Corporate Affairs John Redwood 2 November 1990  
Minister of State for Trade and Industry Norman Lamont 13 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
Peter Morrison 2 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
Giles Shaw 10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987  
Under-Secretary of State for Trade and Industry John Butcher 14 June 1983 – 26 July 1988  
Alexander Fletcher 14 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
David Trippier 14 June 1983 – 2 September 1985  
The Lord Lucas of Chilworth 11 September 1984 – 13 June 1987  
Michael Howard 2 September 1985 – 13 June 1987  
Robert Atkins 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1989  
Francis Maude 13 June 1987 – 26 July 1989  
Eric Forth 26 July 1988 – 24 July 1990  
John Redwood 26 July 1989 – 2 November 1990  
Edward Leigh 2 November 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Minister of Transport Norman Fowler 11 May 1979 – 5 January 1981 became Secretary of State for Transport
Secretary of State for Transport Norman Fowler 5 January 1981  
David Howell 14 September 1981  
Tom King 11 June 1983  
Nicholas Ridley 16 October 1983  
John Moore 21 May 1986  
Paul Channon 13 June 1987  
Cecil Parkinson 24 July 1989  
Minister of State, Transport Lynda Chalker 18 October 1983 – 10 January 1986  
David Mitchell 23 January 1986 – 25 July 1988  
Michael Portillo 25 July 1988 – 4 May 1990  
Roger Freeman 4 May 1990 – 28 November 1990  
The Lord Brabazon of Tara 23 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Parliamentary Secretary for Transport Kenneth Clarke 7 May 1979 – 5 January 1981 became Under-Secretary of State for Transport
Under-Secretary of State for Transport Kenneth Clarke 5 January 1981 – 5 March 1982  
Lynda Chalker 5 March 1982 – 18 October 1983  
Reginald Eyre 5 March 1982 – 11 June 1983  
David Mitchell 11 June 1983 – 23 January 1986  
Michael Spicer 11 September 1984 – 13 June 1987  
The Earl of Caithness 2 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
Peter Bottomley 23 January 1986 – 24 July 1989  
The Lord Brabazon of Tara 10 September 1986 – 23 July 1989  
Robert Atkins 25 July 1989 – 22 July 1990  
Patrick McLoughlin 25 July 1989 – 28 November 1990  
Christopher Chope 23 July 1990 – 28 November 1990  
Secretary of State for Wales Nicholas Edwards 5 May 1979  
Peter Walker 13 June 1987  
David Hunt 4 May 1990  
Minister of State for Wales John Stradling Thomas 17 February 1983 – 2 September 1985  
Wyn Roberts 15 June 1987 – 28 November 1990  
Under-Secretary of State for Wales Michael Roberts 7 May 1979 – 6 January 1983  
Wyn Roberts 7 May 1979 – 13 June 1987  
Mark Robinson 3 October 1985 – 15 June 1987  
Ian Grist 15 June 1987 – 28 November 1990  
Attorney General Michael Havers 5 May 1979  
Sir Patrick Mayhew 11 June 1987  
Solicitor General Sir Ian Percival 5 May 1979  
Sir Patrick Mayhew 13 June 1983  
Sir Nicholas Lyell 13 June 1987  
Lord Advocate The Lord Mackay of Clashfern 5 May 1979  
The Lord Cameron of Lochbroom 16 May 1984  
The Lord Fraser of Carmyllie 4 January 1989  
Solicitor General for Scotland Nicholas Fairbairn 7 May 1979  
Peter Fraser 28 January 1982  
Alan Rodger 14 January 1989 Not an MP
Treasurer of the Household John Stradling Thomas 6 May 1979  
Anthony Berry 17 February 1983  
John Cope 11 June 1983  
David Hunt 15 June 1987  
Tristan Garel-Jones 25 July 1989  
Alastair Goodlad 22 July 1990  
Comptroller of the Household Spencer Le Marchant 7 May 1979  
Anthony Berry 30 September 1981  
Carol Mather 17 February 1983  
The Hon. Robert Boscawen 16 October 1986  
Tristan Garel-Jones 26 July 1988  
Alastair Goodlad 25 July 1989  
Sir George Young, Bt 23 July 1990  
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Anthony Berry 7 May 1979  
Carol Mather 30 September 1981  
The Hon. Robert Boscawen 17 February 1983  
Tristan Garel-Jones 16 October 1986  
Michael Neubert 26 July 1988  
Tony Durant 20 December 1988  
David Lightbown 25 July 1990  
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Denham 6 May 1979  
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Lord Sandys 6 May 1979  
The Earl of Swinton 20 October 1982  
The Viscount Davidson 10 September 1986  
Lords-in-Waiting The Viscount Long 9 May 1979 – 2 May 1997  
The Lord Mowbray and Stourton 9 May 1979 – 22 September 1980  
The Lord Lyell 9 May 1979 – 12 April 1984  
The Lord Cullen of Ashbourne 9 May 1979 – 27 May 1982  
The Lord Trefgarne 9 May 1979 – 5 January 1981  
The Earl of Avon 22 September 1980 – 6 January 1983  
The Lord Skelmersdale 9 January 1981 – 10 September 1986  
The Lord Glenarthur 27 May 1982 – 10 June 1983  
The Lord Lucas of Chilworth 6 January 1983 – 9 September 1984  
The Baroness Trumpington 11 June 1983 – 25 March 1985  
The Earl of Caithness 8 May 1984 – 2 September 1985  
The Lord Brabazon of Tara 19 September 1984 – 10 September 1986  
The Baroness Cox 3 April 1985 – 2 August 1985  
The Viscount Davidson 17 September 1985 – 10 September 1986  
The Baroness Hooper 17 September 1985 – 14 June 1987  
The Lord Hesketh 10 September 1986 – 31 January 1987  
The Lord Beaverbrook 10 September 1986 – 28 July 1988  
The Earl of Dundee 3 October 1986 – 26 July 1989  
The Earl of Arran 18 June 1987 – 24 July 1989  
The Lord Strathclyde 12 August 1988 – 24 July 1989  
The Lord Henley 13 February 1989 – 24 July 1989  
The Viscount Ullswater 26 July 1989 – 22 July 1990  
The Lord Reay 2 August 1989 – 28 November 1990  
The Earl of Strathmore 2 August 1989 – 28 November 1990  
The Baroness Blatch 15 January 1990 – 7 September 1990  
The Lord Cavendish of Furness 14 September 1990 – 28 November 1990  
The Viscount Astor 11 October 1990 – 28 November 1990  

Cabinets

Cabinet May 1979 – September 1981

Changes

  • January 1981: Francis Pym succeeds Norman St John-Stevas as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Pym succeeds Angus Maude as Paymaster-General. John Nott succeeds Pym as Secretary of State for Defence. John Biffen succeeds Nott as Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade. Leon Brittan succeeds John Biffen as Chief Secretary to the Treasury. St John-Stevas resigns as Minister for the Arts. His successor is not in the cabinet. The post of Secretary of State for Transport is brought into the cabinet and Norman Fowler is given the post.

Cabinet September 1981 – June 1983

September 1981: A substantial reshuffle took place:

Changes

  • April 1982: Francis Pym succeeds Lord Carrington as Foreign Secretary. John Biffen succeeds Pym as Lord President of the Council. Baroness Young succeeds Humphrey Atkins as Lord Privy Seal. Cecil Parkinson succeeds Baroness Young as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Lord Cockfield succeeds John Biffen as Secretary of State for Trade.
  • January 1983: Michael Heseltine succeeds John Nott as Secretary of State for Defence. Tom King succeeds Heseltine as Secretary of State for the Environment.

Cabinet June 1983 – June 1987

Changes

  • October 1983: Tom King succeeds Norman Tebbit as Secretary of State for Employment. Norman Tebbit succeeds Cecil Parkinson as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. Nicholas Ridley succeeds Tom King as Secretary of State for Transport.
  • September 1984: Lord Gowrie succeeds Lord Cockfield as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Douglas Hurd succeeds James Prior as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. Lord Young of Graffham enters the cabinet as Minister without Portfolio.
  • September 1985: Lord Young of Graffham succeeds Tom King as Secretary of State for Employment. Kenneth Baker succeeds Patrick Jenkin as Secretary of State for the Environment. Norman Tebbit succeeds Lord Gowrie as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Tom King succeeds Douglas Hurd as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. Kenneth Clarke enters the cabinet as Paymaster-General. Leon Brittan succeeds Norman Tebbit as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. John MacGregor succeeds Peter Rees as Chief Secretary to the Treasury. Douglas Hurd succeeds Leon Brittan as Home Secretary.
  • Early January 1986: Malcolm Rifkind succeeds George Younger as Secretary of State for Scotland. Younger succeeds Michael Heseltine as Secretary of State for Defence.
  • Late January 1986: Paul Channon succeeds Leon Brittan as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.
  • May 1986: Nicholas Ridley succeeds Kenneth Baker as Secretary of State for the Environment. John Moore succeeds Nicholas Ridley as Secretary of State for Transport. Kenneth Baker succeeds Keith Joseph as Secretary of State for Education and Science.

Cabinet June 1987 – July 1989

Changes

  • October 1987: Lord Mackay of Clashfern succeeds Lord Havers as Lord Chancellor.
  • January 1988: Lord Whitelaw retires and is succeeded by John Wakeham as Lord President; no new Deputy Prime Minister is appointed until July 1989. Lord Belstead succeeds Wakeham as Lord Privy Seal.
  • July 1988: Department of Health and Social Security broken up into component parts. John Moore continues on as Secretary of State for Social Security. Kenneth Clarke becomes Secretary of State for Health. Tony Newton succeeds Clarke as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

Cabinet July 1989 – November 1990

July 1989: Reshuffle:

Changes

  • October 1989: John Major succeeds Nigel Lawson as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Douglas Hurd succeeds John Major as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. David Waddington succeeds Douglas Hurd as Secretary of State for the Home Department. Tim Renton succeeds David Waddington as Chief Whip.
  • January 1990: Norman Fowler resigns as Secretary of State for Employment and is succeeded by Michael Howard.
  • May 1990: Peter Walker finally resigns as Secretary of State for Wales having announced his intentions in March. David Hunt succeeds him.
  • July 1990: Nicholas Ridley resigns as Secretary of State for Trade & Industry. Peter Lilley succeeds him.
  • November 1990: At the start of the month Geoffrey Howe resigns and the title of Deputy Prime Minister was not reallocated. John MacGregor succeeds him as Lord President of the Council and is in turn succeeded by Kenneth Clarke as Secretary of State for Education and Science who is succeeded by William Waldegrave as Secretary of State for Health.

See also

  • First Thatcher Ministry
  • Second Thatcher Ministry
  • Third Thatcher Ministry

References

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