World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Corrective Revolution (Egypt)

Article Id: WHEBN0040780830
Reproduction Date:

Title: Corrective Revolution (Egypt)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anwar Sadat, Communist Party of China, 2008 Egyptian general strike, Nasserism, 1977 Egyptian bread riots
Collection: 1971 in Egypt, Anwar Sadat, Egyptian Revolutions, Political and Cultural Purges, Politics of Egypt
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Corrective Revolution (Egypt)

The Corrective Revolution (officially launched as the "Corrective Movement")[1] was a reform program (officially just a change in policy) launched on 15 May 1971 by President Anwar Sadat.[1] It involved purging Nasserist members of the government and security forces, often considered pro-Soviet and left-wing, and drumming up popular support by presenting the takeover as a continuation of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, while at the same time radically changing track on issues of foreign policy, economy, and ideology. Sadat's Corrective Revolution also included the imprisonment of other political forces in Egypt, including liberals, and Islamists.


Shortly after taking office, Sadat shocked many Egyptians by dismissing and imprisoning two of the most powerful figures in the regime, Vice President Ali Sabri, who had close ties with Soviet officials, and Sharawy Gomaa, the Interior Minister, who controlled the secret police.[2] Sadat's rising popularity would accelerate after he cut back the powers of the secret police,[2] expelled Soviet military from the country and reformed the Egyptian army for a renewed confrontation with Israel.[2] During this time, Egypt was suffering greatly from economic problems caused by the Six-Day War and the Soviet relationship also declined due to their unreliability and refusal of Sadat's requests for more military support.[3]

Sadat's Corrective Revolution also included the imprisonment of other political forces in Egypt, including liberals, and Islamists. The imprisonment of Islamists had a strong effect later on, as these Islamists were often members of the Takfir wal-Hijra movement and the Corrective Revolution marked the beginning of the crackdown that caused them to spread across the Arab World, and Europe, ultimately resulting in the spread of radical political Islam in these regions, and also the assassination of Anwar Sadat.


  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.