World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Crush film

Article Id: WHEBN0001759615
Reproduction Date:

Title: Crush film  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Snuff film, Crush, Trampling, Oryx and Crake, Zoosadism, List of pornographic sub-genres, Internet vigilantism, Lester and Charlie
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Crush film

Crush films are videos of animals being crushed by being stepped on.[1][2][3] The term hard crush refers to videos portraying the compaction death of larger animals (e.g. reptiles, birds, mammals), while the term soft crush refers to such videos involving smaller animals (usually invertebrates).

Legal status

The legality of crush films and the actual practice of crushing varies by region, however, many have been posted on web sites and are available for download via the Internet, making the control of their distribution difficult.

There are currently no known laws forbidding the crushing of live invertebrates, although the production or trade of crush erotica involving vertebrates is condemned by opponents of animal cruelty and is illegal in many countries including the United States.[4]

United States

In 1999, the United States Congress enacted a statute affecting the legality of crush films which criminalized the creation, sale, and possession of depictions of animal cruelty, though with an exception for "any depiction that has serious religious, political, scientific, educational, journalistic, historical, or artistic value."[5] In 2008, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit invalidated the ban on the sale and possession of such films (if not otherwise obscene) as a violation of the Constitution's guarantee for freedom of speech.[6] The United States Supreme Court affirmed the Third Circuit's decision in United States v. Stevens, finding the law unconstitutional because the law was so broad and vague that it included any portrayal of an animal in or being harmed such as by hunting or disease.[7] As of November 28, 2010, bill H.R. 5566, which prohibits interstate commerce in animal crush films, has been passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate, and as of December 9th, the bill has been signed by President Obama.[8]

See also

References

External links

Film portal
  • US Supreme Court to hear cruelty video case
  • News article on Crush Film Ban
  • Reference to Insects as Sexual Fetish Objects
  • Darwin Award
  • Lex Appeal: Animal Cruelty, "Crush Videos" and the First Amendment
  • Court Voids Law Aimed at Animal Cruelty Videos
  • Prohibiting Obscene Animal Crush Videos in the Wake of United States v. Stevens: Hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, September 15, 2010
  • United States v. Stevens: The Supreme Court's Decision Invalidating the Crush Video Statute: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, May 26, 2010
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.