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Cuban National Party

 

Cuban National Party

Cuban National Party
Founded 1899
Dissolved 1901
Preceded by Cuban National League
Headquarters Havana, Cuba
Ideology Cuban nationalism
Classical liberalism
Centrism
Political position Centre
Politics of Cuba
Political parties
Elections

The Cuban National Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional Cubano) was a political party in Cuba. At the very beginning of the 20th century, it was one of the three main political parties on the island. The party favoured independence for Cuba.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1900 elections 1.1
    • Dissolution 1.2
  • References 2

History

The Party was one of two political groupings (the other one being the

  1. ^ a b Bianchi Ross , Ciro. Elections in Cuba Before the Revolution
  2. ^ Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. p. 23
  3. ^ Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. p. 27
  4. ^ a b c Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. pp. 27-28
  5. ^ Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. p. 33
  6. ^ Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. p. 66
  7. ^ Bianchi Ross, Ciro. Elecciones en Cuba antes del triunfo de la Revolución
  8. ^ Averhoff Purón, Mario. Los primeros partidos políticos. La Habana: Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1971. pp. 68-72

References

In the 1901 presidential election, the Cuban National Party and the Republican Party of Havana supported the candidature of Tomás Estrada Palma for president and Luis Estévez Romero as vice-president. Estrada Palma won the election, as his contender Bartolomé Masó withdrew in protest of fradulent functioning of the electoral machinery. After Estrada Palma's victory, the Republican Party of Havana became the ruling party in the country, whilst the Cuban National Party was dissolved.[9]

Dissolution

Ahead of the September 1900 elections to the Constituent Assembly two adversaries of the party, the Democratic Union Party and the Republican Party of Havana, formed a joint coalition in a bid to defeat the Cuban National Party.[7] Nevertheless, the Cuban National Party won the elections in Havana.[7][8]

In the 1900 local elections, the party won in the capital Havana.[1] Dr. Miguel Gener, who had been supported by the party, became mayor of the city.[6]

1900 elections

At the meeting of the Organizing Committee on May 2, 1899, it was decided that an invitation to form local committees for the party and to distribute the invitation nationwide.[5]

In April 1899, the Cuban National League merged into the neighbourhood committees of the Cuban National Party. On April 10, a joint declaration of the Propaganda Commission of the Cuban National League and the Organizing Committee of the Cuban National Party formalized this merger.[4]

The Cuban National Party rapidly became one of the most important political groups in the country at the time. Compared to other contemporary political parties, the Cuban National Party had a broader class base. The party had members from the small bourgeoise of the province, working class elements and people of color.[4]

[4] In agreement with Messonier's proposal, a meeting was held on March 26, 1899. The meeting elected an Organizing Commission of the Neighbourhood Committees. The Commission consisted of Carlos de la Torre, Enrique Messioner, Francisco Alonso,

[3]

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