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Dinar

Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

The dinar or denar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in nine mostly-Islamic countries, and has historic use in several more.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Legal tender 2
    • Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar 2.1
    • Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar" 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

Serbian silver Dinar during the reign of Stephen Uroš I of Serbia in the 13th century

The English word "dinar" is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which was borrowed via the Syriac dīnarā from the Greek δηνάριον (denárion), itself from the Latin dēnārius.[1][2] The gold dinar was an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri.[3] A gold coin known as the dīnāra was also introduced to India by the Kushan Empire in the 1st century AD, and adopted by the Gupta Empire and its successors up to the 6th century.[4][5] The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin.

Legal tender

100 Serbian dinars bearing the likeness of Nikola Tesla.

Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar

Umayyad Caliphate Golden Dinar.
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code
 Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
 Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
 Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
 Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
 Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
 Libya Libyan dinar LYD
 Macedonia Macedonian denar MKN (1992–1993)
MKD (1993− )
 Serbia Serbian dinar RSD
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND

Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"

A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code Used Replaced by
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar BAD 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 Croatia Croatian dinar HRD 1991–1994 Croatian kuna
 Iran Iranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars
 Republika Srpska Republika Srpska dinar n/a 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 South Yemen South Yemeni dinar YDD 1965–1990 Yemeni rial
 Sudan Sudanese dinar SDD 1992–2007 Sudanese pound
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
 SFR Yugoslavia
 FR Yugoslavia
Yugoslav dinar YUD (1965–1989)
YUN (1990–1992)
YUR (1992–1993)
YUO (1993)
YUG (1994)
YUM (1994–2003)
1918–2003 n/a

The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse.[6][7] The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.

See also

References

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, s.v. dinar; online version November 2010
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ British Museum
  7. ^ Medieval European Coinage By Philip Grierson p.330
  • Malaysia: Kelantan collects Zakat in Shariah money
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