World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Dominicus Gundissalinus

Dominicus Gundissalinus, also known as Domingo Gundisalvo, (flourished ca. 1150) may have been a converted Jew, and was the archdeacon of Segovia, Spain and a scholastic philosopher. He was one of the most active members of the Toledo School of Translators and its first official director.

Among his important translations were those of Jewish philosopher ibn Gabirol's Fons Vitæ (Meqor Hahayim), which was mistakenly thought for several centuries to be the work of a Christian or Islamic scholastic named Avicebron or Avecebrol.[1]:xxxii Gundissalinus also translated works of the major Muslim philosophers Avicenna and al-Ghazâlî.

Unlike most other translators, Gundissalinus also wrote independent philosophical works, that are believed to date from the second half of the 12th century, probably during the era of Archbishop John (1151–1166). His most well-known work is De Divisione Philosophiae (Of Divisions of Philosophy), in which he argued for a development of the traditional Quadrivium. He also wrote about theological topics like the creation of the world and the immortality of the soul. In addition to Gundissalinus' translation of Meqor Hahayim, the Aristotelian ideas of ibn Gabirol were also communicated to the Latin West through Gundissalinus' own writings On the Soul, On the Immortality of the Soul, On Unity, and The Procession of the World.

The classification of the Artes Mechanicae as applied geometry was introduced to Western Europe by Gundissalinus under the influence of his readings in Arabic scholarship. This view of Artes Mechanicae was later adopted by Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas.

Contents

  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

See also

Notes

  1. ^

References

External links

  • (Spanish) Alexander Fidora, La Recepción de San Isidoro de Sevilla por Domingo Gundisalvo
  • (Spanish) Essays on Gundisalvo in Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.