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Dore Gold

Dore Gold
דורי גולד
11th Israel Ambassador to the United Nations
In office
1997–1999
Preceded by Gad Yaacobi
Succeeded by Yehuda Lancry
Personal details
Born 1953
Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.

Dore Gold (Hebrew: דורי גולד‎, born 1953) is an Israeli diplomat who has served in various positions under several Israeli governments. He is the current President of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. He was also an advisor to the former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during his first term in office. In May 2015, Netanyahu named him Director-General of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Peace Negotiations 2.1
    • East Jerusalem and the Oslo Accords 2.2
    • Syria and the Golan Heights 2.3
    • Ambassador to the United Nations 2.4
  • Later life 3
    • Measures against Ahmadinejad 3.1
    • The Doha Debates 3.2
    • Debate with Justice Richard Goldstone 3.3
    • Appearing at the International Criminal Court in the Hague 3.4
    • Re-joining Netanyahu 3.5
    • Director-General of the Foreign Ministry 3.6
  • Positions held 4
  • Publications 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Dore Gold was born in 1953 in Hartford, Connecticut, in the United States, and was raised in a Conservative Jewish home. His primary education was spent at the Orthodox Yeshiva of Hartford.[1] In the 1970s, Gold attended Northfield Mount Hermon School (Class of 1971) and then enrolled in Columbia University. There Gold earned BA and MA in Political Science, and then a PhD in Political Science and Middle Eastern Studies.[2]

He studied literary Arabic and specialized in International Law, and his doctoral dissertation was about Saudi Arabia. This research later formed the foundation for his 2003 New York Times bestseller, Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism. In the book, Gold argues that Saudi Arabia actively funds terrorism by supporting the enemies of the U.S. and attacking its allies.[3] Today, Gold lives in Jerusalem with his wife, Ofra, and his two children, Yael and Ariel.

Career

Dore Gold's political career began in 1985 when Gold served as senior research associate at Tel Aviv University's Moshe Dayan Centre for Near East Studies. Later, he was appointed Director of the U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy Project at the Jaffee Centre for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University and held this position from 1985 to 1996.[4]

Peace Negotiations

In 1991 Gold was an advisor to the Israeli delegation at the PLO under Yasser Arafat. Gold accompanied Netanyahu to meetings with the Jordanian leadership in 1994 and 1995 in London, Amman and in Aqaba. As the Foreign Policy Adviser under Netanyahu after the 1996 elections, Gold worked with the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Jordan and others in the Arab world. He was also involved in negotiations leading up to the Hebron Agreement and the Note for the Record.

East Jerusalem and the Oslo Accords

Gold himself has not written about the period in which he served as an envoy to the Palestinians and the rest of the Arab world; nonetheless, a number of revelations have been disclosed by other authors. According to Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin, Gold and Netanyahu advisor Yitzhak Molcho were the first envoys of the newly elected Likud government to meet with Yasser Arafat in the Gaza Strip on June 27, 1996.[6] Dennis Ross relates to the "Abu-Mazen-Dore Gold" talks that ensued afterwards as a result of which the Palestinians closed down offices in East Jerusalem that Israel had argued were a violation of the Oslo Accords.[7] This was the price that Arafat had to pay for his first meeting with Netanyahu. It was a hard concession for the Palestinians, according to Ross, for it was viewed by them as a "symbolic retreat on East Jerusalem."

Syria and the Golan Heights

On the Syrian negotiating track, former Israeli ambassador to the US, Itamar Rabinovich, describes how he concluded with Gold an understanding over the Monitoring Group for Southern Lebanon, which was followed by a direct discussion between Gold and the Syrian ambassador to the US, Walid Muallam.[8] According to the French journalist, Charles Enderline, Gold secured a commitment from Secretary of State Warren Christopher that the Rabin "deposit" on the future of the Golan Heights did not bind the State of Israel. This effort also included obtaining a new US commitment from the Clinton administration to the September 1975 Ford letter, in which it was stated that the US would give great weight to Israel remaining on the Golan Heights.[9] According to the Israeli Hebrew daily, Maariv, Christopher wrote this renewed commitment in a formal letter of assurances to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on September 19, 1996.[10]

Ambassador to the United Nations

From 1997 to 1999 Gold was the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations. In 1998 Gold served as a member of the Israeli delegation at the Wye River negotiations between Israel, the PLO, and then U.S. President Bill Clinton at the Wye River Plantation in Maryland.

Later life

Since 2000 Gold has served as president of the non-profit institute, Meet the Press, The Today Show, CNN's Late Edition, as well as on Fox and Friends. In July 2003, Gold testified as an expert before the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs on Saudi Arabia's alleged role in providing ideological and financial support for international terrorism.

Measures against Ahmadinejad

Since 2006 Gold led an international effort by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs to advocate that UN member states take legal measures against President Irwin Cotler, Prof. Alan Dershowitz of Harvard Law School, and the US ambassador to the UN John Bolton. Senator Hillary Clinton sent a letter of support to the conference.

Gold led an Israeli delegation to a second conference at the Washington D.C. Speaking at the third conference was Ambassador Richard Holbrooke, former US ambassador to the UN, as well as Salih Mahmoud Osman, a member of the Sudanese Parliament and advocate for human rights in Darfur.[11]

The Doha Debates

In April 2009 Gold participated in the Washington DC, where he debated against the motion "this house believes that it is time for the USA to get tough on Israel" with fellow speaker Harvard Law Professor Alan Dershowitz. Speakers for the motion were Avraham Burg, former Chairman of the Jewish Agency for Israel and former Speaker of the Knesset and Michael Scheuer, former Chief of the CIA Bin Laden Issue Station. Gold and Dershowitz lost the debate, with 63% of the audience voting for the motion.[12]

Debate with Justice Richard Goldstone

Brandeis University invited Gold to debate Justice Richard Goldstone on November 5, 2009. The subject was the U.N. Gaza Report. Jeff Jacoby wrote in an opinion piece in the Boston Globe on November 7: "Dore Gold, Israel's former ambassador to the U.N. brought facts and figures, maps and photographs, audio and video in English, Arabic, and Hebrew. Last night's encounter marked the first time Goldstone publicly debated the report's merits with a leading Israeli figure. It would not surprise me that he is in no hurry for a second."[13]

Appearing at the International Criminal Court in the Hague

Ambassador Gold was invited to attend a roundtable meeting at the office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in the Hague, held on October 20, 2010. A total of eight specialists appeared and submitted papers. They discussed the Palestinian Authority's declaration on January 22, 2009 recognizing the jurisdiction of the ICC, in accordance with an article in the Rome Stature, normally reserved for states. The PA was seeking the implicit recognition of the ICC Prosecutor that it already was a state.

Re-joining Netanyahu

It was announced in December 2013 that Gold would once again advise Benjamin Netanyahu. His purview will not include negotiations with the Palestinians, but will cover Israel's relations with the U.S. and United Nations, as well as Iran policy.[14]

Director-General of the Foreign Ministry

On May 25, 2015, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who was also serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs, announced Gold's appointment as Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, subject to the cabinet's approval.

Positions held

  • 1985–1996 – Senior research associate, Dayan Centre for Near East Studies. Director, US Foreign and Defense Policy Project at the Jaffee Centre for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University.
  • 1991 – Advisor, Madrid Peace Conference.
  • 1996–1997 – Foreign policy advisor, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
  • 1997–1999 – Israeli ambassador, United Nations
  • 1998 – Israeli delegation, Wye River negotiations
  • 2000–Present – President, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
  • 2002–2004 – Advisor, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon

Publications

Books

  • The Rise of Nuclear Iran: How Tehran Defies the West (Regnery, 2009). ISBN 1-59698-571-2
  • The Fight for Jerusalem: Radical Islam, the West, and the Future of the Holy City (ISBN 0786147849 / Publisher: Regnery, Blackstone Audiobooks / Date: Jan 2007)
  • Tower of Babble: How the United Nations Has Fueled Global Chaos (Crown Forum, November, 2004). ISBN 1-4000-5475-3
  • Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism (Regnery, 2003). ISBN 0-89526-135-9
  • American Military Strategy in the Middle East: The Implications of the US Regional Command Structure (CENTCOM) For Israel (Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense Publications), 1993.
  • Israel as an American Non-NATO Ally: Parameters of Defense and Industrial Cooperation (Boulder: Westview Press), 1992.

Selected articles

  • The Political Battle Over the 'Occupation'. The Weekly Standard. July 20, 2012.
  • 'Land Swaps' and the 1967 Lines. The Weekly Standard. June 20, 2011.
  • Israel's 1967 Borders Aren't Defensible. The Wall Street Journal. May 21, 2011.
  • Countdown to September. Jerusalem Viewpoints. May, 2011.
  • Foreign Policy. April, 2011.
  • Statement before the Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives . April 5, 2011.
  • The International Context of the U.S. Veto at the UN Security Council . Makor Rishon. February 25, 2011.
  • Israel’s Naval Blockade of Gaza Is Legal, Necessary . Bloomberg. June 10, 2010.
  • Iran's Nuclear Aspirations Threaten the World. LA Times. August 6, 2009.
  • Israel's Forgotten Rights in Jerusalem. Haaretz. May, 2009.
  • Did Israel use "Disproportionate Force" in Gaza?. JCPA. December 28, 2008.
  • The Dangers of 'Peace' Making: America's Latest Efforts Merely Entrenched al Qaeda in the Gaza Strip. Wall Street Journal. August 12, 2007.
  • Saudi Arabia's Dubious Denials of Involvement in International Terrorism. Jerusalem Viewpoints. Oct 1, 2003.
  • Saudi Support for International Terrorism. U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. July 31, 2003.
  • The Kingdom of Incitement. Wall Street Journal. April 14, 2003.
  • Baseless Comparisons: UN Security Council Resolutions on Iraq and Israel (Jerusalem Issue Brief, 24 September 2002).
  • Only Buffer Zones Can Protect Israel. The New York Times. Feb 27, 2002.

References

  1. ^ http://www.sigelacademy.org/background.shtml
  2. ^ "Dore Gold". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  3. ^ "Dore Gold: Conservative Articles". Human Events. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ "Dore Gold Articles". Jerusalem Center For Public Affairs. 
  5. ^ UN Docs Chronological Review of Events June 1996
  6. ^ Barry Rubin; Judith Colp Rubin (2005). Yasir Arafat: A Political Biography. Oxford University Press. p. 175.  
  7. ^ Dennis Ross (2005). The missing peace: the inside story of the fight for Middle East peace. Macmillan. p. 263.  
  8. ^ Itamar Rabinovich (1999). The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations. Princeton University Press. p. 234.  
  9. ^ Charles Enderlin (2003). Shattered dreams: the failure of the peace process in the Middle East, 1995-2002. Other Press, LLC. pp. 47–49.  
  10. ^ Maariv, December 31, 1999
  11. ^ International Association of Genocide Scholars (PDF)
  12. ^ "This House believes it's time for the US to get tough on Israel - Transcript". The Doha Debates. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  13. ^ "At Brandeis, Israel's guilt and innocence on display". boston.com. 
  14. ^ "Dore Gold to join Netanyahu's team as an adviser".  

External links

  • Official website
  • Biography of Dore Gold from the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
  • JCPA publications by Dore Gold
  • Biography of Dore Gold from the Jewish Virtual Library
  • Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies
  • Dore Gold interviewed for the Jerusalem Post
  • Interview on YouTube by Leon Charney on The Leon Charney Report
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