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Title: Duffus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Duffus Castle, Hopeman, Moray, Lossiemouth, Gavin Dunbar (bishop of Aberdeen)
Collection: Villages in Moray
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Duffus (Scottish Gaelic: Dubhais)[1] is a village in Moray, Scotland. The Duffus Village Inn, the local shop, Post Office and Duffus Village Hall provide a focal point for the community. Nearby are the impressive remains of Duffus Castle, St. Peters' Kirk, and Spynie Palace.

Duffus has won numerous awards, including "Best Kept Small Village in the North of Scotland". Also to the east side is Gordonstoun School which covers over 150 acres (0.61 km2).


  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Culture and community 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6


The name of the village Duffus derives from the lands of Duffus in Moray, Scotland. What is now known as Duffus Parish encompasses the lands of the ancient Barony of Duffus and comprises 9,565 acres (38.71 km2). The Duffus name has undergone a variety of spelling changes through the years; in 1290, "Dufhus", and in 1512, "Duffous". The name is probably a compilation of two Gaelic words, dubh and uisg, meaning "darkwater" or "blackwater". At one time, the region was below sea-level and the Loch of Spynie and stagnant pools of water were a conspicuous feature of the area.


The current village, originally called New Duffus, is a grid plan village established as a planned settlement in 1811.[2] This replaced an earlier medieval settlement which lay 0.4 kilometres (0.25 mi) to the east, of which only the ruined Old Parish Church remains.[2]

A church was first founded on the site of Duffus Old Parish Church in the 9th century as a replacement for the church of St Aethan within Burghead Fort, which had been destroyed by the Vikings.[3] The parish of Duffus included Burghead, and its dedication to Saint Peter may reflect an emulation by the Pictish Kingdom of Fortriu of the common Early Medieval pattern – also seen at Bamburgh and Canterbury – of giving this dedication to a Kingdom's primary centre of Royal power.[4]

Duffus was the base of the regionally powerful de Moravia family during the High Middle Ages. The family was probably of Flemish origin. Freskin de Moravia came north from his lands in Lothian as part of an army of David I to put down another rebellion by the men of Moray. At his side, and soon to be a neighbor, was the ancestor of the Innes'.

Culture and community

The annual Duffus Village Gala (held each summer) provides a host of activities for villagers and nearby settlements, starting with the crowning of the Rose Queen, Rose Prince & Rosebud.

See also


  1. ^ "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba - Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland - Database". Retrieved 2015-08-25. 
  2. ^ a b Walker & Woodworth 2015, p. 551.
  3. ^ Walker & Woodworth 2015, p. 552.
  4. ^ Fraser, James E. (2013). "Rochester, Hexham and Cennrigmonaid: The movements of St Andrew in Britain, 604-747". In Boardman, Steve; Davies, John Reuben; Williamson, Eila. Saints' Cults in the Celtic World. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. pp. 13–14.  


  • Barrow, G.W.S., The Kingdom of the Scots. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2003. ISBN 0-7486-1803-1
  • Walker, David W.; Woodworth, Matthew (2015). Aberdeenshire: North and Moray. The Buildings of Scotland (Pevsner Architectural Guides). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.  

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