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Title: Duhsala  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kuru Kingdom, Mahabharata, Chekitana, Chitrāngada, Bhagadatta
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Spouse(s) Jayadratha
Children Suratha
Parent(s) Gandhari and Dhritarashtra, ex utero

Duhsala (Sanskrit: दुःशला, written as Dushala or Dussala) was the only daughter of king Dhritrashtra and Queen Gandhari and sister to Kauravas in the Indian epic Mahābhārata. She was married to Jayadratha the king of Sindhu and Sauvira.

Birth and Early Life

When Queen Gandhari was given boon by Vyasa, the opportunity to have one hundred sons, Gandhari was thrilled, but disappointed that she wouldn't have at least one daughter. Sensing her thoughts, Vyasa had another vessel prepared for a future daughter:Dushala. Hence, Dushala was the only daughter of King Dhritrashtra and Gandhari, the sister to her 100 brothers. All the Pandavas considered Duhsala as their own sister; Dushala also always considered Pandavas as her own brothers.require('Module:No globals')

local p = {}

-- articles in which traditional Chinese preceeds simplified Chinese local t1st = { ["228 Incident"] = true, ["Chinese calendar"] = true, ["Lippo Centre, Hong Kong"] = true, ["Republic of China"] = true, ["Republic of China at the 1924 Summer Olympics"] = true, ["Taiwan"] = true, ["Taiwan (island)"] = true, ["Taiwan Province"] = true, ["Wei Boyang"] = true, }

-- the labels for each part local labels = { ["c"] = "Chinese", ["s"] = "simplified Chinese", ["t"] = "traditional Chinese", ["p"] = "pinyin", ["tp"] = "Tongyong Pinyin", ["w"] = "Wade–Giles", ["j"] = "Jyutping", ["cy"] = "Cantonese Yale", ["poj"] = "Pe̍h-ōe-jī", ["zhu"] = "Zhuyin Fuhao", ["l"] = "literally", }

-- article titles for wikilinks for each part local wlinks = { ["c"] = "Chinese language", ["s"] = "simplified Chinese characters", ["t"] = "traditional Chinese characters", ["p"] = "pinyin", ["tp"] = "Tongyong Pinyin", ["w"] = "Wade–Giles", ["j"] = "Jyutping", ["cy"] = "Yale romanization of Cantonese", ["poj"] = "Pe̍h-ōe-jī", ["zhu"] = "Bopomofo", }

-- for those parts which are to be treated as languages their ISO code local ISOlang = { ["c"] = "zh", ["t"] = "zh-Hant", ["s"] = "zh-Hans", ["p"] = "zh-Latn-pinyin", ["tp"] = "zh-Latn", ["w"] = "zh-Latn-wadegile", ["j"] = "yue-jyutping", ["cy"] = "yue", ["poj"] = "hak", ["zhu"] = "zh-Bopo", }

local italic = { ["p"] = true, ["tp"] = true, ["w"] = true, ["j"] = true, ["cy"] = true, ["poj"] = true, } -- Categories for different kinds of Chinese text local cats = { ["c"] = "", ["s"] = "", ["t"] = "", }

function p.Zh(frame) -- load arguments module to simplify handling of args local getArgs = require('Module:Arguments').getArgs local args = getArgs(frame) return p._Zh(args) end function p._Zh(args) local uselinks = not (args["links"] == "no") -- whether to add links local uselabels = not (args["labels"] == "no") -- whether to have labels local capfirst = args["scase"] ~= nil

        local t1 = false -- whether traditional Chinese characters go first
        local j1 = false -- whether Cantonese Romanisations go first
        local testChar
        if (args["first"]) then
                 for testChar in mw.ustring.gmatch(args["first"], "%a+") do
          if (testChar == "t") then
           t1 = true
          if (testChar == "j") then
           j1 = true
        if (t1 == false) then
         local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
         t1 = t1st[title.text] == true

-- based on setting/preference specify order local orderlist = {"c", "s", "t", "p", "tp", "w", "j", "cy", "poj", "zhu", "l"} if (t1) then orderlist[2] = "t" orderlist[3] = "s" end if (j1) then orderlist[4] = "j" orderlist[5] = "cy" orderlist[6] = "p" orderlist[7] = "tp" orderlist[8] = "w" end -- rename rules. Rules to change parameters and labels based on other parameters if args["hp"] then -- hp an alias for p ([hanyu] pinyin) args["p"] = args["hp"] end if args["tp"] then -- if also Tongyu pinyin use full name for Hanyu pinyin labels["p"] = "Hanyu Pinyin" end if (args["s"] and args["s"] == args["t"]) then -- Treat simplified + traditional as Chinese if they're the same args["c"] = args["s"] args["s"] = nil args["t"] = nil elseif (not (args["s"] and args["t"])) then -- use short label if only one of simplified and traditional labels["s"] = labels["c"] labels["t"] = labels["c"] end local body = "" -- the output string local params -- for creating HTML spans local label -- the label, i.e. the bit preceeding the supplied text local val -- the supplied text -- go through all possible fields in loop, adding them to the output for i, part in ipairs(orderlist) do if (args[part]) then -- build label label = "" if (uselabels) then label = labels[part] if (capfirst) then label = mw.language.getContentLanguage():ucfirst( Dussala grew up in Hastinapura under the wise tutelage of Bhishma.


Dushala was married to Jayadratha (also called Saindhava), the powerful king of Sindhu; the king happened to be a man of split personality, often becoming uncivil. However, Jayadratha was a good friend of Duryodhana, Dushala's oldest brother. Dussala and Jayadratha had a son named Suratha. Jayadratha is first introduced during the Pandavas' 13-year-exile when he attempts to abduct Draupadi. Pandavas save Draupadi and brings him back to Yudhishthira as a prisoner. Draupadi requests them not to kill Jayadratha as their only sister Dushala would become a widow. They leave him after shaving his head. Humiliated and vengeful, Jayadratha immediately withdraws to the forest, performing penance which gives him boons he can use against the Pandavas. When Dussala finds him, she feels ashamed and angry at his irresponsible behavior. However she becomes quiet after knowing about his penance; husband and wife make up.

Jayadratha calls his banners for Duryodhana during the Kurukshetra War. He is slain by Arjuna. The young Suratha takes up the Sindhu crown with Dushala as his regent.

After the war

After the war, Yudhishtira, the new king of Hastinapura, takes out an Ashwamedha Yagna, wherein Arjuna follows a sacrificial horse with his army, daring others to challenge him. The horse enters the Sindhu territory. Suratha dies of fright on being informed about the approaching army. Arjuna lays siege upon their city.

Suratha had a small boy, Duhsala's grandson. Duhsala takes the boy to Arjuna and requests mercy, fearing Arjuna will mow them down due to the traditional enmity between the Pandavas and Kauravas . When Arjuna learns that he is responsible for the death of his nephew, he feels totally shattered, telling Duhsala that he had come for peace. Duhsala becomes shattered in turn; she famously tells Arjuna "We need peace. Let us end this strife forever. No more, never, this war." Arjuna appoints the boy as the next king of the Sindhu kingdom. Collecting his tribute, he leaves.

See also

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