World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dutch Chilean

Article Id: WHEBN0024352575
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dutch Chilean  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dutch diaspora, Dutch Surinamese, European Chilean, Dutch Burghers, Pehuenche people
Collection: Chilean People of Dutch Descent, Dutch Diaspora by Country, European Chilean
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Dutch Chilean

Dutch Chilean
chileno-holandés
Total population
50,000
Regions with significant populations
Frutillar, Valparaíso, Concepcion, Viña del Mar, Santiago, and the highest percentage of Dutch descent lives in Puerto Varas
Languages
Chilean Spanish, English, Dutch language, German language
Religion
(mostly Roman Catholicism)
Related ethnic groups
Dutch people, Dutch diaspora

In 1600, the Chilean city of Valdivia was conquered by Dutch pirate Sebastian de Cordes.[1] He left the city after a few months. Four decades later, in 1642, the VOC and the WIC sent a fleet of ships to Chile to take control of Valdivia and its Spanish gold mines.[2] The expedition was conducted by Hendrik Brouwer, a Dutch general. In 1643 Brouwer conquered the Chiloé Archipelago and Valdivia.[3] After Brouwer died on 7 August 1643, vice-general Elias Herckmans took control.

Contents

  • Dutch Colonization in Chile 1
  • Notable Dutch Chileans 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Dutch Colonization in Chile

The second emigration from the Netherlands to Chile occurred in 1895. A dozen Dutch families settled between in Chile 1895 and 1897, particularly in Mechaico, Huillinco and Chacao. Egbert Hageman arrived in Chile[4] with his family, on 14 April 1896, settling in Rio Gato, near Puerto Montt. The Wennekool family inaugurated the Dutch colonization of Villarrica.[5]

In the early twentieth century, a large group of Dutch people arrived in Chile from South Africa. These migrants, after a long stay in African camps, were presented with the opportunity to emigrate to Chile with the help of the Chilean government.

On 4 May 1903, a group of over 200 Dutch sailed on the steamship "Oropesa" owned by the shipping company "Pacific Steam Navigation Company", from La Rochelle (La Pallice) in France. The majority had been born in the Netherlands (35% from North Holland and South Holland, 13% from North Brabant, 9% from Zeeland and an equal number of Gelderland). Only a dozen children had been born in South Africa. On June 5, the arrived by train to the city of Pitrufquén.

Another group of Dutchmen arrived shortly after to Talcahuano, in the "Oravi" and the "Orissa". The Netherlands colony in Donguil was christened "New Transvaal Colony". More than 500 Dutch families moved there. The last group of Boers arrived between 7 February 1907 and February 18, 1909.

Some 50,000 descendants remain, mostly located in Malleco, Gorbea, Pitrufquén, Faja Maisan and around Temuco.[6]

Notable Dutch Chileans

See also

References

  1. ^ (Spanish) [1]
  2. ^ (Spanish) [2]
  3. ^ (Spanish) Navegantes holandeses en Chile.
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]

External links

  • Netherlands in Chile.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.