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Eastern Trans-Fly languages


Eastern Trans-Fly languages

Eastern Trans-Fly
Papua New Guinea, Torres Strait Islands (Australia)
Linguistic classification: One of the world's primary language families
Glottolog: east2503[1]
Map: The Eastern Trans-Fly languages of New Guinea
  The Eastern Trans-Fly languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Australian languages

The Eastern Trans-Fly languages are a small independent family of Papuan languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross, that constituted a branch of Stephen Wurm's 1970 Trans-Fly proposal, which he later incorporated into his 1975 expansion of the Trans–New Guinea family as part of a Trans-Fly – Bulaka River branch. Wurm himself concluded that some of the Trans-Fly languages were not Trans–New Guinea languages but rather heavily influenced by them. Ross (2005) removed the bulk of the languages from Wurm's TNG, including Eastern Trans-Fly.

Eastern Trans-Fly includes Meriam, located within the national borders of Australia, as well as Bine, Wipi (Gidra) and Gizrra.


The pronouns Ross reconstructs for proto–Eastern Trans-Fly are,

I *ka exclusive we *ki
inclusive we *mi
thou *ma you *we
he/she/it *tabV; e they *tepi

There is a possibility of a connection here to Trans–New Guinea. If the inclusive pronoun is historically a second-person form, then there would appear to be i-ablaut for the plural:

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