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Edison, New Jersey

Edison, New Jersey
Township
Township of Edison
Edison Tower

Seal
Nickname(s): "Birthplace of the Modern World"
Motto: "Let There Be Light"
Map of Edison Township in Middlesex County.
Map of Edison Township in Middlesex County.
Census Bureau map of Edison, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Edison, New Jersey
Coordinates: [1][2]
Country  United States
U.S. state  New Jersey
County Middlesex
Settled 1651
Incorporated March 17, 1870 (as Raritan Township)
Renamed November 10, 1954 (as Edison Township)
Named for Thomas Edison
Government[3]
 • Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • Body Township Council
 • Mayor Thomas Lankey (term ends December 31, 2017)[4]
 • Clerk Cheryl Russomanno (acting)[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 30.638 sq mi (79.351 km2)
 • Land 29.940 sq mi (77.543 km2)
 • Water 0.698 sq mi (1.808 km2)  2.28%
Area rank 88th of 566 in state
4th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 99,967
 • Estimate (2014)[10] 101,970
 • Rank 5th of 566 in state
1st of 25 in county[11]
 • Density 3,339.0/sq mi (1,289.2/km2)
 • Density rank 198th of 566 in state
15th of 25 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08817, 08818, 08820, 08837, 08899[12][13]
Area code(s) 732 and 908[14]
FIPS code 3402320230[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882166[1][17]
Website .org.edisonnjwww

Edison is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, Edison had a total population of 99,967,[7][8][9] retaining its position as the fifth-most populous municipality in New Jersey.[18] The 2010 population reflected an increase of 2,280 (+2.3%) from the 97,687 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,007 (+10.2%) from the 88,680 counted in 1990.[19]

What is now Edison Township was originally incorporated as Raritan Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1870, from portions of both Piscataway Township and Woodbridge Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Metuchen on March 20, 1900, and Highland Park on March 15, 1905. The name was officially changed to Edison Township on November 10, 1954, in honor of inventor Thomas Edison, who had his main laboratory in the Menlo Park section of the township.[20]

Edison was ranked the 28th most livable small city in the United States by

  • Edison Chamber of Commerce
  • community newspaperEdison-Metuchen Sentinel
  • Metuchen-Edison Historical Society
  • Oak Tree Road (Edison/Iselin) Asian Indian Community Guide
  • Thomas Edison Center at Menlo Park
  • Edison, New Jersey, at City-Data
  • Edison Community Profile and Resource Links, NJ HomeTownLocator

News/business/community

  • Bishop George Ahr High School
  • Edison Public Library
  • Edison Township Public Schools
  • Edison Township Public Schools's 2012–13 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
  • Edison High School
  • J.P. Stevens High School
  • National Center for Education Statistics data for the Edison Township Public Schools
  • The Wardlaw-Hartridge School website

Education

  • Edison's official website

Government

External links

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  14. ^ "Pise, Charles Constantine", in Catholic Encyclopedia (1913), New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  15. ^ Images: A Pictorial History of Italian Americans. New York, 1986, p.26
  16. ^ Vincent A. Lapomarda, "Higher Education", in The Italian American Experience: An Encyclopedia, ed. Salvatore LaGumina (New York: Garland, 2000), p.286.
  17. ^ Rosanne Martorella, "Science", in The Italian American Experience: An Encyclopedia, ed. Salvatore LaGumina (New York: Garland, 2000), p.583.
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  77. ^ Gerald McKevitt BROKERS OF CULTURE, ITALIAN JESUITS IN THE AMERICAN WEST, 1848–1919 (Stanford University Press, 2007). See review of book by John T. McGreevy ("Off A Distant Land") in AMERICA, 7, May 2007, 30–31.
  78. ^ William Form, "Italian Protestants: Religion, Ethnicity, and Assimilation", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Sep., 2000), pp. 307-320 in JSTOR
  79. ^ Jack Nusan Porter, "Italian American Jews," in The Italian American Experience: An Encyclopedia, ed. Salvatore J. LaGumina (New York: Garland, 2000), pp.302-303.
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  102. ^ Stefano Luconi, "Generoso Pope and Italian-American Voters in New York City", Studi Emigrazione 2001 38(142): 399–422
  103. ^ Benedicte Deschamps and Stefano Luconi, "The Publisher of the Foreign-Language Press as an Ethnic Leader? The Case of James V. Donnaruma and Boston's Italian-American Community in the Interwar Years", Historical Journal of Massachusetts 2002 30(2): 126–143
  104. ^ See also Michael J. Eula, "Ethnicity and Newark's 'Italian Tribune', 1934–1980", Italian Americana 2001 19(1): 23–35
  105. ^ Bénédicte Deschamps, "Opposing Fascism in the West: The Experience of 'Il Corriere Del Popolo' in San Francisco in the Late 1930s", Proceedings of the American Italian Historical Association2001 34: 109–123
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  107. ^ Giorgio Bertellini, "Black Hands and White Hearts: Italian Immigrants as 'Urban Racial Types' in Early American Film Culture", Urban History 2004 31(3): 375–399
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  109. ^ Campbell, R., Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication, St. Martin's Press, New York, p. 1998
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  114. ^ "Hollywood vs Italians", The Italic Way, a publication of the Italic Institute of America, Vol XXVII, 1997
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  116. ^ Donna R. Gabaccia, "Global Geography of 'Little Italy': Italian Neighbourhoods in Comparative Perspective", Modern Italy 2006 11(1): 9–24
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References

  • Udipi Sri Krishna Temple housing First Tulsi Mrithika Brindavana (Mobile) of Guru Raghavendra in the U.S. is a Hindu temple on May Street[170]
  • Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) has a Hindu temple on Woodbridge Avenue[171]
  • Bonhamtown, site of a battle during the American Revolutionary War[172]
  • Camp Kilmer, a World War II era army post, was partially located in what is now Edison.[173]
  • The Clara Barton downtown area, a community with its own downtown area near Woodbridge.[174]
  • Dismal Swamp, preserved wetlands area that also includes portions of Metuchen and South Plainfield.[175]
  • Durham Woods, a complex of several apartment buildings and scene of the Edison, New Jersey natural gas explosion in 1994, in which a 36-inch natural gas pipeline burst and exploded, destroying buildings in the area.[176]
  • Edison Landfill, landfill site undergoing environmental cleanup since it was ordered closed in 1977.[177]
  • Edison has three public libraries: the Main Library is on Plainfield Avenue in South Edison, near Edison station; North Edison Branch is on Grove Avenue, and the Clara Barton Branch is in the Clara Barton downtown area, on Hoover Avenue. Library service also includes a popular Bookmobile.[178]
  • The Edison Municipal Complex, located off Route 27 next to the Edison Square/Clarion Hotel office park.
  • Edison Station in south Edison, offering service on New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line.[179]
  • Ford Motor Company had a plant here, the Ford Edison Assembly Plant on U.S. Route 1, assembling the Ford Ranger and Mazda B-Series trucks. The plant closed in 2004, with about 1,420 workers losing their jobs.[180] Hartz Mountain purchased the property and is proposing a mixed-use retail center that began construction in 2007. Township officials have negotiated no housing on the site, to be called "Edison Towne Square." Instead, it is hoped that a community center can be built at no cost to taxpayers alongside the retail and commercial space. So far Sam's Club is the only retail store built on the property.[181]
  • Laing House of Plainfield Plantation, historic home built in the early 1700s when the region was being settled by Scottish Quakers in the late 17th and early 18th century.[182]
  • ILR Landfill, closed landfill site owned by Industrial Land Reclaiming (ILR) providing power to Middlesex County's wastewater treatment operations from methane gas recovery.[183]
  • Jewish Community Center/YMCA or Community Campus located off Oak Tree Road.[184]
  • Nixon Park, a large neighborhood surrounding Lincoln School. A "cookie-cutter" development of three-bedroom homes built in the very early 1950s, homes there were largely purchased by WWII veterans using the GI Bill. Constructed at the same time, and adjoining Nixon Park, were the Lincoln Village, Vineyard Village and Washington Park developments. Children from Lincoln and Vineyard Villages attended Lincoln School. Washington Park surrounded both the Washington School and the Saint Matthew's Catholic School (grades 1–8).
  • Kin-Buc Landfill, former landfill and Superfund site site where 70 million US gallons (260,000 m3) of hazardous waste was dumped.[185]
  • Menlo Park Mall, located at the intersection of Route 1 and Parsonage Road, has a gross leasable area of 1,260,703 square feet (117,123.1 m2).[186]
  • Oak Tree Road in Edison and the Iselin of Woodbridge Township is known for its large concentration of Indian stores and restaurants.
  • St. Helena Roman Catholic Church, off New Dover Road.[187]
  • The Thomas Alva Edison Memorial Tower and Museum, in Menlo Park, dedicated in 1938. Located in Edison State Park, at the site where its namesake inventor invented the incandescent light bulb and the phonograph.[188]

Notable places

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Edison include:

Notable people

Sister cities

Cable TV: Edison has Cablevision's Optimum service. Before Cablevision, there was TKR, which was so poorly run that many FCC and BPU complaints about programming and many town hall meetings eventually forced change when TKR began running fiber optics through town to as they put it “TKR – Beyond Television”. TKR was bought out by Cablevision.

In 1997, mandatory ten-digit dialing came to Edison with the introduction of Area code 732. Edison residents living on Roxy Avenue once again were in the spotlight in the news, with one side of the street served by the Rahway central office (Area code 732) and the other side of the street is served by the Plainfield central office (Area Code 908). Residents complained to the BPU and Bell Atlantic that it would be easier to yell across the street then dial a ten-digit number call their neighbor across the street.

In 1982, The BPU and New Jersey Bell, after receiving thousands and complaints from both North and South Edison residents, had made an exception that any calls originating and terminating in the Township would be considered a local call. This was due to the new home construction in Edison were existing cables that belonged to the Rahway central office were assigned to give new phone service to over 400 homes.

  • Central Office Rahway (Switch ID: RHWYNJRADS5) (Area Code 732): Serving from Wood Avenue North to Roxy Ave on the west side of the Street inward to New Dover Road.
  • Central Office Plainfield ( Switch ID: PLFDNJPFDS5) (Area Code 908): Serving Roxy Avenue heading north into South Plainfield on both sides of Inman Avenue.
  • Central Office Metuchen (Switch ID: MTCHNJMTDS5) (Area Code 732): Serving the Towns of Edison, Metuchen and Iselin (Technically Iselin Numbers that have 732-283 and 732-404 are routed out of the Woodbridge Office Switch ID: WDBRNJWDDS5).
  • Central Office Edison (Switch ID: EDSNNJEDDS5): Serving South Edison with phone numbers that come up as “New Brunswick” - 732-339, 732-393, 732-572, 732-777, 732-819, 732-985, and Exchanges for “Metuchen” that are 732-248, 732-287, 732-650.
  • Central Office Fords (Switch ID: FRDSNJFRDS5): Serving Eastern Edison area and Raritan Center areas with 732-225, 732-346, 732-417, 732-512 and Perth Amboy Exchanges 732-661, 732-738.

Edison has five Verizon Central offices serving the Township:

Edison is served by area codes 732 and 848 and 908. Area Code 848 is an overlay area code that was created so there a split was not needed.

Telecommunications

Roosevelt Hospital is a hospice located just East of Roosevelt Park. The facility was original constructed in 1936 under the auspices of the Work Projects Administration.[139]

John F. Kennedy Hospital, located on James Street off Parsonage Road is a 498-bed hospital founded in 1967.[138]

Healthcare

Edison was selected as one of the first communities by the New Jersey Department of Transportation to have a red light camera enforcement system operated by RedFlex Traffic Systems, Inc. The three-year contract, which allows for up to two one-year extensions, provides for the system to be installed at up to 75 locations.[137]

China Airlines provides private bus service to John F. Kennedy International Airport from the Kam Man Food Inc. at 511 Old Post Road in Edison to feed its flight to Taipei, Taiwan.[136]

New Jersey Transit bus service is provided on the 62 route to Newark, with local service available on the 801, 804, 805, 810, 813, 814, 819, 978 and 979 routes.[135]

Edison station, located in South Edison, is served by New Jersey Transit northbound trains to Newark Penn Station and Penn Station New York, and southbound to the Trenton Transit Center via the Northeast Corridor Line, with connecting service to Amtrak, and SEPTA.[131][132] Some passengers in North Edison may actually live closer to, and prefer to use, the Metropark (near neighboring Iselin in Woodbridge Township) or Metuchen stations.[133][134]

Public transportation

Since Interstate 287 connects to Interstate 87 (the New York State Thruway), Exit 10 (of the turnpike) is one of the busiest interchanges to be used by tractor-trailers as it connects the New Jersey Turnpike to the New York Thruway. For truck drivers, it is the only connection they have to the Thruway as the Garden State Parkway, which has its northern terminus at the Thruway, prohibits trucks from using the roadway north of Exit 105. Due to Interstate 95's discontinuity in New Jersey, U.S. 1 serves as a regional artery linking the New Jersey Turnpike and Interstate 287 to Interstate 95 and Interstate 295.

Edison hosts various roadways. State roads include Route 27, and 440, both of which are state-maintained. U.S. Route 1 also passes through the township. Interstate 287 passes through Edison, where it houses its southern end at I-95. The municipality also houses about a 5-mile (8.0 km) section of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). Exit 10 is located in Edison, featuring a 13-lane toll gate and a “unique” interchange design. When the "dual-dual" setup of the turnpike was created, it first started in Edison Township, and continued north to Exit 14 in Newark. It wasn’t until 1973 that the "dual-dual" was extended south of 10 to Exit 9 in East Brunswick Township (and then extended further south in 1990 to Exit 8A in Monroe Township).

Edison is a transportation hub, with an extensive network of highways passing through the township and connecting to major Northeast cities, New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, Trenton, Washington, D.C. and others. As of May 2010, the township had a total of 307.05 miles (494.15 km) of roadways, of which 257.31 miles (414.10 km) were maintained by the municipality, 29.78 miles (47.93 km) by Middlesex County and 14.75 miles (23.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 5.21 miles (8.38 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[130]

Roads and highways

Transportation

Infrastructure

Rutgers University's Livingston campus is located on the former Kilmer Army Base, partially located in Edison.[129]

Middlesex County College (MCC) is a public, two-year community college located in Edison at the intersection of Woodbridge Avenue and Mill Road.[128]

Lincoln Technical Institute, a for-profit vocational school.[127]

Colleges

In Edison, the sizeable Asian/Chinese population had pushed for years to establish a Chinese School where students could learn the Chinese language. In 1998, Huaxia Edison Chinese School (which teaches Simplified Chinese) was established in Thomas Jefferson Middle School. Huaxia currently resides in Edison High School. However, many families from Taiwan send their children to Edison Chinese School, located at John Adams Middle School, or Tzu Chi, located at Woodrow Wilson Middle School. These schools both teach Traditional Chinese. JP Stevens High School also offers Mandarin Chinese and Hindi as an elective language for students who are interested in learning it.

Other private schools in Edison include the Wardlaw-Hartridge School, Rabbi Jacob Joseph School, Yeshiva Shaarei Tzion, Rabbi Pesach Raymon Yeshiva, St. Helena School, St. Matthew School, Lakeview School and Our Lady Of Peace School. Additionally, the private for-profit technical school Lincoln Tech (formerly the Cittone Institute) has a campus on Oak Tree Road in Edison. Lincoln Tech in Edison offers various programs in Nursing and in medical and computer applications.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen.[126]

Private schools

Middlesex County College is also home to the Middlesex County Academy for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Technologies, an engineering-based high school, which is part of the Middlesex County Vocational and Technical Schools. The high school is free for all Middlesex County residents, but admission is based on a test, past grades, and other academic and extracurricular activities. About 160 students, 40 per grade from around the county attend the Academy.[125]

J.P. Stevens was the 80th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 65th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed, while Edison High School was ranked 174 in 2012 and 169 in 2010.[124]

The Edison Township Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district's two high schools separate the south and north ends of Edison. In the Edison High School zone to the south, there are six K–5 elementary schools, while in the J.P. Stevens High School zone there are five K-5 elementary schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 18 schools had an enrollment of 14,224 students and 1,073.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.25:1.[103] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[104]) are Early Learning Center[105] (78 students; grade PreK), 11 elementary schools — Benjamin Franklin Elementary School[106] (562 students in grades K-5), Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary School[107] (558; grades PreK-5), Lincoln Elementary School[108] (715; K-5), Lindeneau Elementary School[109] (455; K-5), James Madison Primary School[110] (600; PreK-2), who then move on to James Madison Intermediate School[111] (596; 3–5), John Marshall Elementary School[112] (608; K-5), Menlo Park Elementary School[113] (807; K-5), James Monroe Elementary School[114] (442; K-5), Washington Elementary School[115] (560; PreK-5) and Woodbrook Elementary School[116] (868; K-5) — John Adams Middle School [117] (798; from James Madison Intermediate and MLK Jr.), Herbert Hoover Middle School[118] (800; from Franklin, Lincoln and Monroe), Thomas Jefferson Middle School[119] (721; from Lindeneau, Marshall and Washington) and Woodrow Wilson Middle School[120] (892; from Menlo Park and Woodbrook) for grades 6–8 and both Edison High School[121] (1,996; from Hoover and Jefferson) and J.P. Stevens High School[122] (2,169; from Adams and Wilson) for grades 9–12.[123]

Public schools

Education

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.6% of the vote (12,502 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.3% (8,373 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (443 votes), among the 21,877 ballots cast by the township's 55,392 registered voters (559 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.5%.[100][101] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 46.6% of the vote (11,230 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.5% (10,727 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.4% (1,549 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (243 votes), among the 24,097 ballots cast by the township's 53,358 registered voters, yielding a 45.2% turnout.[102]

[99] In the

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 53,352 registered voters in Edison Township, of which 25,163 (47.2%) were registered as Democrats, 6,242 (11.7%) were registered as Republicans and 21,929 (41.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 18 voters registered to other parties.[95]

Politics

Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees),[84] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration),[85] Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education),[86] Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance),[87] H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health),[88] Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management)[89] and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services).[90][91] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township),[92] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway)[93] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[91][94]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 18th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Peter J. Barnes III (D, Edison) and in the General Assembly by Patrick J. Diegnan (D, South Plainfield) and Nancy Pinkin (D, East Brunswick).[80][81] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[82] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[83]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[76] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[77] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[78][79]

Edison is located in the 6th Congressional District[72] and is part of New Jersey's 18th state legislative district.[8][73][74] Prior to the 2010 Census, Edison had been split between the 6th congressional District and the 7th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[75]

Federal, state, and county representation

Politics in Edison since the 2005 mayoral election have been polarized by an attempt by retail giant Walmart to open a store in central Edison near the junction of Interstate 287 and New Jersey Route 27. Even though Jun Choi stated in his Mayoral Campaign that he would stop Walmart from being built, Walmart filed suit and won, and Choi was there to cut the yellow ribbon when the store was opened.

Recent politics in Edison have concerned plans for zoning the township to facilitate the creation of "walkable" communities that will attract businesses, while still maintaining open spaces and parks and easy access to commuter transit. This strategy is meant to encourage "Smart Growth."[71]

On Election Day, November 8, 2005, Jun Choi declared victory, leading in unofficial results with a vote of 12,126 to 11,935. However, due to the small margin of victory, candidate William Stephens pursued a recount and subsequently, an election contest, both without success. On January 1, 2006, at age 34, Mayor Choi was sworn-in by Governor Jon Corzine as the youngest Mayor in Edison history. Choi ran for re-election in 2009, but was defeated in the primary election by Antonia "Toni" Ricigliano, who went on to win the general election, and took office January 1, 2010.

In the ensuing general election, Choi did not face a Republican candidate, but instead faced a former Democrat turned Independent, William (Bill) Stephens. An article in The American Prospect details aspects that Choi brought together in his 2005 mayoral campaign, including 1. attracting new voters into the process, 2. a good government message, 3. anti-Wal-Mart or economic justice theme and 4. an effective Internet-based progressive mobilization.[70]

, for whom he worked on the 2000 presidential campaign, and was unexpectedly endorsed by a number of traditionally candidate-neutral unions in Edison. Bill Bradley Choi won endorsements from mainstream Democratic leaders including [69] Running on a

Election 2005

The past and only female Mayor of Edison was Antonia "Toni" Ricigliano, whose term of office ended on December 31, 2013.[67][68]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Edison is Democrat Thomas Lankey, whose term of office ends December 31, 2017.[62] Members of the Township Council are Council President Robert Diehl (D, 2017), Council Vice President Sapana Shah (D, 2017), Alvaro Gomez (D, 2017), Robert Karabinchak (D, 2015), Michael Lombardi (D, 2015), Wayne Mascola (D, 2015) and Sudhanshu Prasad (D, 2015).[63][64][65][66]

Edison Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council form of government, which was implemented as of January 1, 1958, based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission.[61] Edison is governed by a mayor and a seven-member Township Council. Members of the council are elected at-large in partisan elections held as part of the November general election to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three or four seats coming up for election every even year, with the mayoral seat up for vote at the same time that three seats are expiring.[3]

Local government

Government

Roosevelt Park, located between Parsonage Road and Route 1, west of the Mall, covers 217 acres (88 ha), including the 8-acre (3.2 ha) Roosevelt Park Lake. The park was established in 1917, making it the oldest county park in Middlesex County.[60]

Oak Tree Pond is the site of the Battle of Short Hills, a minor battle of the American Revolutionary War and whose conversion into a park ended a real estate development controversy.[59]

Parks

Plainfield Country Club is a private country club that has hosted the 1987 U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship and the The Barclays golf tournament, the first PGA Tour FedEx Cup playoff event, in both 2011 and 2015.[58]

Sports

Raritan Center is a major industrial park anchored by the New Jersey Convention and Exposition Center.[56]

Majesco Entertainment, a video game company, has its corporate headquarters in Edison.[54][55] Other companies have warehouse operations within Edison. These companies include the Italian food producer and importer Colavita, as well as the regional hubs for FedEx, UPS, and Newegg. In addition Edison is home to the State's largest private convention center, the New Jersey Convention and Exposition Center located within the Raritan Center Business Park.[56] Raritan Center itself is the largest industrial park on the east side of the Mississippi River. The United States headquarters of the international company Zylog Systems is located in Edison.[57]

A hostess serves pastry at an Edison coffee house.

Economy

The median household income in the township is $69,746, and the median income for a family was $77,976. Males had a median income of $53,303 versus $36,829 for females. The per capita income for the township was $30,148. About 3.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[51][52]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.[51][52]

There were 35,136 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.19.[51][52]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 97,687 people, 35,136 households, and 25,881 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,243.0 people per square mile (1,252.2/km2). There were 36,018 housing units at an average density of 1,195.7 per square mile (461.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 59.49% White, 29.27% Asian, 6.89% African American, 0.14% Native American, .04% Pacific Islander, 2.02% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. 6.37% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.[51][52]

Street scene along Amboy Avenue.

2000 census

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,725 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,000) and the median family income was $100,008 (+/- $2,624). Males had a median income of $66,898 (+/- $4,094) versus $50,953 (+/- $1,462) for females. The per capita income for the township was $36,464 (+/- $1,184). About 3.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[53]

In the township, 22.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.[7]

There were 34,972 households, of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.26.[7]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,967 people, 34,972 households, and 26,509 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,339.0 per square mile (1,289.2/km2). There were 36,302 housing units at an average density of 1,212.5 per square mile (468.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 44.10% (44,084) White, 7.05% (7,046) Black or African American, 0.23% (229) Native American, 43.19% (43,177) Asian, 0.04% (36) Pacific Islander, 2.72% (2,718) from other races, and 2.68% (2,677) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.11% (8,112) of the population.[7]

2010 census

Edison is also developing a sprawling suburban Chinatown.[42]

As part of the 2010 Census, 28.3% of Edison residents identified themselves as being Indian American.[7] In the 2000 Census, 17.75% of Edison residents identified themselves as being Indian American, the highest percentage of Indian American people of any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[41]

Edison hosts one of the region's main centers of Asian American cultural diversity.[38][39][40]

Demographics

Climate data for Edison, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
76
(24)
91
(33)
97
(36)
99
(37)
101
(38)
106
(41)
106
(41)
105
(41)
94
(34)
86
(30)
87
(31)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
43
(6)
52
(11)
63
(17)
74
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
54
(12)
43
(6)
63.7
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
63
(17)
62
(17)
54
(12)
42
(6)
34
(1)
26
(−3)
41.8
(5.4)
Record low °F (°C) −8
(−22)
−17
(−27)
1
(−17)
18
(−8)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
34
(1)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
9
(−13)
−7
(−22)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.02
(102.1)
3.02
(76.7)
4.10
(104.1)
3.94
(100.1)
4.71
(119.6)
3.97
(100.8)
5.39
(136.9)
4.34
(110.2)
4.54
(115.3)
3.80
(96.5)
4.04
(102.6)
3.76
(95.5)
49.63
(1,260.6)
Source: [37]

Extreme temperatures in Edison have ranged from −17 °F (−27 °C), recorded in February 1934, to 106 °F (41 °C), recorded in July 1936 and August 1949.

Climate

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bonhamtown, Camp Kilmer, Centerville, Clara Barton, Eggert Mills, Greensand, Haven Homes, Lahiere, Lincoln Park, Lindenau, Martins Landing, Menlo Park, Millville, New Dover, New Durham, Nixon, Nixon Park, North Edison, Oak Tree, Phoenix, Potters, Pumptown, Raritan Arsenal, Raritan Manor,, Roosevelt Park, Sand Hills, Silver Lake, Stelton, Valentine and Washington Park.[36]

Edison is on the east side of Raritan Valley (a line of communities in central New Jersey), along with Plainfield, and completely surrounds Metuchen.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 30.638 square miles (79.351 km2), including 29.940 square miles (77.543 km2) of land and 0.698 square miles (1.808 km2) of water (2.28%).[1][2]

Geography

Edison is primarily a middle-class community with more than 75 ethnic communities represented. Edison has a large Jewish community next to Highland Park, with multiple synagogues located in Edison. Edison also has a growing Indian community and a number of temples serving the religious needs of the community. Reflecting the number of Edison's residents from India and China, the township has sister city arrangements with Shijiazhuang, China,[34] and Vadodara, India.[35]

Edison has been one of the fastest-growing municipalities in New Jersey. As of the 2000 United States Census, it was the fifth most-populated municipality in the state, after the cities of Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Elizabeth.

21st century

In 1954, the township's name was changed to honor inventor Thomas A. Edison.[20][32] Also on the ballot in 1954 was a failed proposal to change the community's name to Nixon.[33]

Near Piscatawaytown village, a portion of the Township was informally known as "Nixon," after Lewis Nixon, a manufacturer and community leader. Soon after the outbreak of World War I, Nixon established a massive volatile chemicals processing facility there, known as the Nixon Nitration Works. It was the site of the 1924 Nixon Nitration Works disaster, a massive explosion and resulting fire that killed 20 persons and destroyed several square miles of the Township.[31]

Acoustic trio MKS performs at The Coffee House in Edison on a Saturday evening.

20th century

It was in his Menlo Park laboratory that Thomas Edison came up with the phonograph and a commercially viable incandescent light bulb filament. Christie Street was the first street in the world to use electric lights for illumination.[28] Edison subsequently left Menlo Park and moved his home and laboratory to West Orange in 1886.[29] His Menlo Park lab has been called one of the greatest laboratories ever.[30]

In 1876, Thomas Edison set up his home and research laboratory in New Jersey on the site of an unsuccessful real estate development in Raritan Township called "Menlo Park", (currently located in Edison State Park). While there he earned the nickname "the Wizard of Menlo Park." Before his death at age 83 in 1931, the prolific inventor amassed a record 1,093 patents for creations including the phonograph, a stock ticker, the motion-picture camera, the incandescent light bulb, a mechanical vote counter, the alkaline storage battery including one for an electric car, and the first commercial electric light.[27]

Replica of Edison's lab where he invents the first commercially practical light bulb. Henry Ford, Edison's longtime friend, built it at the Henry Ford Museum in Michigan.

The Edison era

The community was previously known as "Raritan Township", not to be confused with the current-day Raritan Township in Hunterdon County.[20]

Edison Township, comprising former sections of Piscataway and Woodbridge townships, was settled (by Europeans) in the 17th century. The earliest village was Piscatawaytown, which is centered around St. James Church and the Piscatawaytown Common, near the intersection of Plainfield and Woodbridge avenues in south Edison.[25] The Laing House of Plainfield Plantation, the Benjamin Shotwell House, and the Homestead Farm at Oak Ridge, are buildings from the colonial era included in National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County.[26]

Early history

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early period (1492–1775) 1.1
    • War of Independence to Civil War (1775–1861) 1.2
    • Civil War and after (1861–90) 1.3
    • The period of peak immigration (1890–1917) 1.4
    • World War I and the Interwar period 1.5
    • The World War II years 1.6
    • Post-World War II period 1.7
    • At the turn of the twentieth century 1.8
  • Politics 2
  • Business and economy 3
    • Workers 3.1
    • Women 3.2
  • Culture 4
    • Literature 4.1
    • Religion 4.2
      • Italian Jews 4.2.1
    • Education 4.3
    • Language 4.4
    • Newspapers 4.5
    • Folklore 4.6
  • Discrimination and stereotyping 5
  • Communities 6
    • New York City 6.1
    • Philadelphia 6.2
    • Boston 6.3
    • Newark 6.4
    • Syracuse 6.5
    • Providence 6.6
    • Chicago 6.7
    • Cleveland 6.8
    • Milwaukee 6.9
    • Ybor City 6.10
    • Birmingham 6.11
    • San Francisco 6.12
    • San Diego 6.13
  • Demographics 7
    • U.S. States with over 10% people of Italian ancestry 7.1
    • U.S. Communities with the most residents of Italian ancestry 7.2
  • See also 8
  • References and notes 9
  • Bibliography 10
  • External links 11

[24]. The rankings focused on low crime, strong schools, green spaces, and abundance of recreational activities.U.S. News and World Report In 2009, Edison was ranked as one of "America's 10 Best Places to Grow Up" by [23]

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