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Education in Somaliland

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Title: Education in Somaliland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Education in Somalia, Education in Africa, Education, Sociology of education, Philosophy of education
Collection: Education in East Africa, Education in Somalia, Education in Somaliland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Education in Somaliland

Education in Somaliland is administered by the Ministry of Education. Somalilander education is a mixture of private and public schooling systems.


  • History of Education 1
    • Pre-independent Somaliland 1.1
    • Post-independent Somaliland 1.2
  • Criticism 2
  • Tertiary Education 3
  • References 4

History of Education

Pre-independent Somaliland

Pre-colonial Somaliland education consisted of Quranic schools which taught theology, Arabic grammar and literature, and Sharia law. Only when Britain colonized Somaliland did Western-style education become introduced into Somaliland. Colonial education was designed for administrative needs of the British Empire. During the Siad Barre regime, the unified Somalia experienced an educational boom. During the 1960s and 1970s, Somali was developed for the Latin script, and introduced into the education system. Literacy rate in Somalia increased from a mere 5% in the mid 1970s, to 55% in the early 1980s. In the 1980s, educational development slowed down dramatically. The literacy rate dropped from 55% in the early 1980s to 24% in the late 1980s. By 1990, Somalia had the lowest education enrollment rate in the world, with 150000 students enrolled. The devastating Somali Civil War destroyed the already declining education system.

Post-independent Somaliland

Post-independent Somaliland had a lack of education systems in place (except for traditional Koranic schools), threatening the education of school-aged children. The government of Somaliland, though facing a tough recovery scheme, managed to re-energize the education system. By 1996, 27000 school-aged children were enrolled in primary schools.[1]


Critics cite the outdated public school system, school privatization, inadequate infrastricture [2][3] are hindering the education system in Somaliland.

Tertiary Education

There are an abundance of tertiary education centres in the Hargeisa area, such as the University of Hargeisa, Somaliland University of Technology, Gollis University, and Edna Adan Maternity Hospital.


  1. ^ "Post-Conflict Education Development in Somaliland". Somaliland Cyberspace. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Challenges of Somaliland in Education". Somaliland Press. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2014. , lack of teachers, and unknown dropout rates
  3. ^ "Poor Somaliland: Quality Vs Free Primary Education". Somaliland Education. 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
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