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Ellsworth County, Kansas

 

Ellsworth County, Kansas

Ellsworth County, Kansas
Ellsworth County Courthouse in Ellsworth
Map of Kansas highlighting Ellsworth County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Fort Ellsworth
Seat Ellsworth
Largest city Ellsworth
Area
 • Total 723 sq mi (1,873 km2)
 • Land 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 6,497
 • Density 9.1/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgellsworthcounty

Ellsworth County (county code EW) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,497.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Ellsworth.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

History

19th century

1915-1918 Railroad Map of Ellsworth County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

Ellsworth County was established February 26, 1867. The county was named after the old Fort Ellsworth, which was named in honor of 2nd Lieutenant Allen Ellsworth[3] of the 7th Iowa Cavalry (Company H), who supervised construction of the fort in 1864. On November 17, 1866, the fort was renamed Fort Harker in honor of General Charles Garrison Harker who had died on June 27, 1864, from wounds received in an abortive offensive action in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. The fort was subsequently moved to a new site about one mile to the northeast, and the old fort's remaining buildings were ordered torn down in June 1867.

Law and government

Ellsworth County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 723 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5] It is intersected by the Smoky Hill River.[6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Ellsworth County's population was estimated to be 6,332 in the year 2006, a decrease of 199, or -3.0%, over the previous six years.[12]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 6,525 people, 2,481 households, and 1,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,228 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.67% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% of the population.

There were 2,481 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 111.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,772, and the median income for a family was $44,360. Males had a median income of $30,110 versus $20,486 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,569. About 4.00% of families and 7.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Ellsworth USD 327
  • Central Plains USD 112

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Ellsworth County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Arcola
  • Black Wolf
  • Carnelro
  • Langley
  • Terra Cotta
  • Venango
  • Yankee Run

Townships

Ellsworth County is divided into nineteen townships. The city of Ellsworth is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Ash Creek 02575 58 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.51%
Black Wolf 07025 87 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.10%
Carneiro 10800 57 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.36%
Clear Creek 13725 91 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.17%
Columbia 15025 60 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.04%
Ellsworth 20525 797 9 (23) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.23%
Empire 21150 174 1 (3) 171 (66) 14 (6) 7.79%
Garfield 25575 27 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.30%
Green Garden 28600 Lorraine 211 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22%
Langley 38600 76 1 (2) 92 (35) 2 (1) 1.86%
Lincoln 40675 62 1 (2) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.22%
Mulberry 49050 44 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.24%
Noble 50825 90 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04%
Palacky 54100 63 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.08%
Sherman 64950 65 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22%
Thomas 70450 72 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.21%
Trivoli 71525 55 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38%
Valley 72800 Holyrood 577 6 (16) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14%
Wilson 79700 Wilson 894 10 (25) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^  "Ellsworth, a central county of Kansas".  
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

Official sites
  • Ellsworth County
  • Ellsworth County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Ellsworth County Independent Reporter (local newspaper)
Additional information
  • Ellsworth County
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
  • Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (Ellsworth County)
Maps
  • Ellsworth County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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