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English Grand Committee

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Title: English Grand Committee  
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Subject: West Lothian question, Welsh Grand Committee, Scottish Grand Committee, Grand committee, Politics of England
Collection: Committees of the British House of Commons
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English Grand Committee

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The English grand committee, referred to in standing orders as Grand Committee (England), is a planned committee of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.[1][2] It will be one of four such grand committees in the United Kingdom Parliament, the other three are for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.[3] The committee is to be made up of all 533 English MPs.


  • History 1
  • Functions 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


A grand committee for Scotland was established in 1907 to consider issues and legislation exclusive to Scotland. Grand committees for Wales and Northern Ireland were subsequently established to consider issues relating to those nations. No grand committee was established for England; however, a Standing Committee on Regional Affairs was established to discuss issues relating to the Regions of England. This committee had 13 members, but all English MPs could attend and participate in its proceedings. Regional select committees also existed for the English Regions between 2008 and 2010.

Standing orders to establish a grand committee for England were approved by the House of Commons in October 2015[4] as part of efforts to address the so-called West Lothian Question, an anomaly whereby MPs representing seats in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland can vote on issues and legislation which only affect people in England. The idea of establishing an grand committee for England was suggested by Conservative MP Sir Malcolm Rifkind in 2007 as part of his "East Lothian Answer" to the West Lothian Question.[5] This was echoed by the report of the McKay Commission established by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government, published in 2013.[6]


A grand committee for England is being established to facilitate the Conservative Government's policy of ensuring that legislation that only applies in England can only be enacted with the consent of MPs representing constituencies in England. This system has been dubbed "English votes for English laws".

The Speaker judges which parts of a bill relate to just England, or England and Wales. When a bill is deemed to apply to "England-only in its entirety", an England-only committee stage will consider the bill. Membership of this committee will reflect the number of MPs each party has in England. Where sections of legislation relate only to England or to England and Wales, agreement of a grand committee of English MPs, or as the case may be, a legislative grand committee made up of all English and Welsh MPs, is required. All MPs would be able to vote on the bill's Third Reading, but a double majority of all MPs and English (or English and Welsh) MPs would be required for the bill to be passed.[7][8]

The First Bill that is likely to be scrutinised by the Committee is the Housing and Planning Bill 2015, which is set for second reading on 2 November 2015.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "English vote plan to become law despite objections". BBC News. 
  2. ^ "Housing Bill set to be first test for English votes plan". BBC News. 
  3. ^ "Grand Committees". UK Parliament. 
  4. ^ "English votes for English laws: Motion to approve Standing Orders". UK Parliament. 
  5. ^ "Party leader welcomes Rifkind's 'elegant' West Lothian Answer". Herald Scotland. 
  6. ^ "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] McKay Commission". 
  7. ^ "David Cameron to push for English-only voting plan". The Irish Times. 12 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "English votes for English laws: proposed changes". 
  9. ^ "Housing Bill set to be first test for English votes plan". BBC News. 
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