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Environmental management scheme

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Title: Environmental management scheme  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Land management, Index of environmental articles
Collection: Environmental Management Schemes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Environmental management scheme

An environmental management scheme is a mechanism by which landowners and other individuals and bodies responsible for land management can be incentivised to manage their environment.


  • Schemes by country 1
    • Australia 1.1
    • United Kingdom 1.2
    • Scotland 1.3
    • Wales 1.4
    • France 1.5
    • Switzerland 1.6
  • See also 2
  • References 3

Schemes by country


Several schemes (prgrammes) are or have been in operation in Australia, including:

Other programmes exist with the various states, for example; New South Wales - Catchment Action Plan

United Kingdom

Several schemes are or have been in operation in the United Kingdom, including:

Currently England operates:

  • Entry Level Stewardship
  • Higher Level Stewardship
  • Organic Entry Level Stewardship
  • Higher Level Organic Entry Level stewardship

All of these schemes are adminisitered by Natural England


In 2007 Scotland adopted the SRDP (Scottish Rural Development Programme - a £1.6 billion programme of economic, environmental and social measures designed to develop rural Scotland. Individuals and groups may seek support to help deliver the Government's strategic objectives in rural Scotland.


Until recently the prevailing agri-environment scheme in Wales was Tir Gofal, which means literally ‘Land Care’. It was the first scheme in Wales, and indeed in Europe, aimed at promoting whole farm conservation and management. It was different from previous schemes, as it brought farming and conservation into a different level of partnership.

It was recently announced that this scheme has ceased, with a bridging payment scheme until its replacement is launched.


In some countries such as France, such schemes may be initiated by the central government:


Switzerland started reforming its agricultural policies in 1993 and after a referendum in 1996, since 1998 the country has linked the attribution of farm subsidies with the strict observance of good environmental practice. Before farmers can apply for subsidies, they must obtain certificates of environmental management systems (EMS) proving that they: “make a balanced use of fertilizers; use at least 7% of their farmland as ecological compensation areas; regularly rotate crops; adopt appropriate measures to protect animals and soil; make limited and targeted use of pesticides.”[1]

See also


  1. ^ Swiss Environmental Statistics Office.

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