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Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art

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Title: Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Bloomsday, Brendan Behan, Patrick Kavanagh, J. P. Donleavy, James Hillman, Envoy, Nano Reid, Anthony Cronin
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art

Envoy, Vol. 5, No. 17 (April 1951); special number dedicated to James Joyce with contributions by Brian O'Nolan (honorary editor for this particular issue), Patrick Kavanagh, Denis Johnston and William Bedell Stanford, among others; later expanded into a book, A Bash In The Tunnel (Brighton: Clifton Books,1970), ed. John Ryan, James Joyce by the Irish: Samuel Beckett, Patrick Kavanagh, Brian O'Nolan, Ulick O'Connor & Edna O’Brien

December 1949 - July 1951. Dublin, Ireland. Founder & Editor: John Ryan

During its brief existence, Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art, published the work of a broad range of writers, Irish and others. The first to publish J. P. Donleavy, Brendan Behan's first short stories and his first poem, and an extract from Samuel Beckett's Watt, Envoy was begun by John Ryan, a Dublin artist, who was editor and prime mover. Among the distinguished associate editors were Valentin Iremonger, Irish diplomat and poet who served as poetry editor, James Hillman (who began his career as associate editor for Envoy[1]) , Michael Huron, and Owen Quinn. Envoy included Patrick Kavanagh's infamous monthly "Diary". Brian O'Nolan was also a contributor (once writing a "counter-diary" to Kavanagh's Diary[2]) and was "honorary editor"[3] for the special number commemorating James Joyce.

In December 1949 Envoy was inaugurated in response to Irish trade and censorship restrictions which had forced many writers to seek publication outside their homeland. Though the Envoy Publishing Company's goal of publishing books died with the magazine in July, 1951, the short-lived enterprise succeeded, with the lone publication of Valentin Iremonger's prize-winning book of poetry Reservations, and with its lively magazine, in breaching some of the barriers of Irish publication, as well as providing outstanding prose, poetry, criticism, and reviews of the contemporary Irish art scene during its twenty-month existence.

The Envoy offices were located at 39 Grafton Street but most of the journal’s business was conducted in the nearby pub, McDaid’s. Antoinette Quinn (Patrick Kavanagh: A Biography): " Around one o'clock the Envoy office would empty intself into John McDaid's, a small, narrow, high-ceilinged pub at 3 Harry Street, where much of the journal's business was conducted. The clientele was a mixture of working class and bohemian."[4]


Among Envoy contributors were Samuel Beckett, Brendan Behan, Brian O'Nolan, Patrick Kavanagh (who wrote the monthly "Diary"), Anthony Cronin, Patrick Swift, J. P. Donleavy, John Jordan, Padraic Colum, Aidan Higgins, Pearse Hutchinson, Maria Jolas (in translation), Mary Lavin, Ewart Milne, Denis Devlin, Ethel Mannin, Lionel Miskin, Edward Sheehy, Francis Stuart, Anton Chekhov (in translation), Arland Ussher, Thomas Woods, and many others.

Founder & Editor John Ryan

First Bloomsday: John Ryan, Anthony Cronin, Brian O'Nolan, Patrick Kavanagh & Tom Joyce (James Joyce's cousin) 1954

John Ryan(1925–1992) was a painter, broadcaster, publisher, critic, editor and publican; son of Senator Séamus Ryan, prop. of The Monument Creameries; brother to Kathleen Ryan, film actress. John Ryan studied at the NCA, but was largely a self-taught painter. He was a regular exhibitor at the RHA from 1946 onwards, and also showed at the annual Oireachtas and the IELA. He designed theatre sets for the Abbey, Gate, Olympia and Gaiety Theatres as well as for the stage in London. He acted in and produced several plays. From 1969 to 1974 Ryan was editor of The Dublin Magazine. He was a broadcaster, being a long-time contributor to Sunday Miscellany on Radio Éireann. In 1975 he published a book of his reminiscences of literary Dublin entitled Remembering How We Stood, featuring stories of his friends including Behan, Kavanagh, J. P. Donleavy (q.v.) and Anthony Cronin along with the many Dublin characters who patronised his famous pub, The Bailey, in Duke Street. He was also a patron to many artists.

First Bloomsday Celebration: Bloomsday(a term Joyce himself did not employ) was invented in 1954, the 50th anniversary, when John Ryan and the novelist Flann O'Brien organised what was to be a daylong pilgrimage along the Ulysses route. They were joined by Patrick Kavanagh, Anthony Cronin, Tom Joyce (Joyce’s cousin and the only family representative that Ryan could find) and AJ Leventhal (Registrar of Trinity College, Dublin). A Bloomsday record of 1954, informally filmed by John Ryan, follows this pilgrimage.


  1. ^ James Hillman - Obituary - Irish Independent - 2011
  2. ^ ‘Baudelaire and Kavanagh’, Envoy 3.12 (November 1950): pp. 78-81 [A "counter-diary" to Patrick Kavanagh's Envoy Diary]. Other articles by O'Nolan include: ‘The Martyr’s Crown’, Envoy 1.3 (February 1950), pp. 57-62; ‘A Bash in the Tunnel’, Envoy, vol. 5, no. 17, April 1951, pp. 5-11; ‘Book Reviews’, Envoy, vol. 3, no. 12, November 1950, pp. 88-89; ‘Book Reviews’, Envoy, vol. 4, no. 15, February 1951, pp. 76-77
  3. ^ ‘In 1951, whilst I was editor of the Irish literary periodical Envoy, I decided that it would be a fitting thing to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the death of James Joyce by bringing out a special number dedicated to him which would reflect the attitudes and opinions of his fellow countrymen towards their illustrious compatriot. To this end I began by inviting Brian Nolan to act as honorary editor for this particular issue. His own genius closely matched, without in anyway resembling or attempting to counterfeit, Joyce’s. But if the mantle of Joyce (or should we say the waistcoat?) were ever to be passed on, nobody would be half so deserving of it as the man whom under his other guises as Flann O’Brien and Myles na gCopaleen, proved himself incontestably to be the most creative writer and mordant wit that Ireland had given us since Shem the Penman himself.' - John Ryan, Introduction to A Bash in the Tunnel (Brighton: Clifton Books, 1970) John Ryan (1925-92)
  4. ^ Patrick Kavanagh: A Biography, by Antoinette Quinn, Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 2001, p: 295 (ISBN 071712651X / 0-7171-2651-X )

Bibliography/ Further Reading/ External links

  • Remembering How We Stood, John Ryan (Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1975)
  • Patrick Kavanagh: A Biography, Antoinette Quinn (Gill & Macmillan, 2003)
  • Dead as Doornails, Anthony Cronin (Dolmen Press, Dublin, 1976)
  • John Ryan (1925-92)
  • Irish Literature Collections Portal - Southern Illinois University - Morris Library
  • Southern Illinois University
  • The Irish Literary Periodical 1923-1958, Frank Shovlin, Oxford English Monographs, Oxford University Press, USA (February 12, 2004), p136 Google Books
  • Young John McGahern: Becoming a Novelist, Denis Sampson (Oxford University Press, Feb 2012)
  • Joyce's Critics: Transitions in Reading and Culture, By Joseph Brooker (The University of Wisconsin Press, May 2004)
  • A Bash In The Tunnel(James Joyce by the Irish), (ed.) John Ryan (Brighton: Clifton Books 1970)
  • Flann O'Brien: An Illustrated Biography, Peter Costello & Peter Van De Kamp (London Bloomsbury


  • No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien, Anthony Cronin (New Island Books, 2003)
  • First Bloomsday
  • Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art Records, 1949-1951 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Special Collections Research Center
  • J.P. Donleavy
  • - 2011Irish IndependentJames Hillman - Obituary -
  • worldcat - ArchiveGrid
  • A. J. Leventhal -
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