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Esme Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Penrith

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Title: Esme Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Penrith  
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Subject: Baron Howard of Penrith, Cecil Spring Rice, Auckland Geddes, 1st Baron Geddes, February 1929, 1930 Birthday Honours
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Esme Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Penrith

Esme Howard in 1924

Esme William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Penrith GCMG CVO (15 September 1863 – 1 August 1939) was a British diplomat. He served as British Ambassador to the United States between 1924 and 1930. He was one of Britain's most influential diplomats of the early part of the twentieth century. With a gift for languages and a skilled diplomat, Howard is described in his biography as an integral member of the small group of men who made and implemented British foreign policy between 1900 and 1930, a critical transitional period in Britain's history as a world power.[1]


  • Career 1
  • Family 2
  • Literature 3
  • Ancestry 4
  • References 5


He was educated at Harrow School. In 1885, he passed the Diplomatic Service examination, and was assistant private secretary to the Earl of Carnarvon as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland before being attached to the British Embassy in Rome. In 1888, he arrived in Berlin as the embassy's third secretary, and after retiring from the Diplomatic Service four years later, he was made assistant private secretary to the Earl of Kimberley, the Foreign Secretary at the time.

Having fought in the KCMG, becoming KCB three years later.

In 1919, Sir Esme Howard was attached to the British delegation during the GCMG and GCB in 1923 and 1928 respectively, he was created, on his retirement in 1930, Baron Howard of Penrith, of Gowbarrow in the historic county of Cumberland. He died nine years later aged 75.


Born at Catharine Long (daughter of Horatio Walpole, 3rd Earl of Orford), while Henry Howard and Sir Stafford Howard were his elder brothers.

He married Isabella Giovanna Teresa Gioachina Giustiniani-Bandini (daughter of Sigismondo Niccolo Venanzio Gaetano Francisco Giustiniani-Bandini, 8th Earl of Newburgh), by whom he had five sons. They included Francis Philip Howard, 2nd Baron Howard of Penrith, Henry Anthony Camillo Howard and Hubert Howard.


B. J. C. McKercher, Esme Howard: A Diplomatic Biography, CUP, 1989, revised ed. 2006

Esme Howard, Theatre of Life, 1863-1905, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1935 (autobiography)

Esme Howard, Theatre of Life: Life Seen from the Stalls 1903-1936, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1936 (autobiography)



  1. ^ B. J. C. McKercher, Esme Howard: A Diplomatic Biography, CUP, 1989, revised ed., 2006
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28462. p. 852. 1 August 1913. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Henry Bax-Ironside
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
to the Swiss Confederation

Succeeded by
Evelyn Grant Duff
Preceded by
Sir Cecil Spring Rice
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Sweden
Succeeded by
Sir Colville Barclay
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Henry Hardinge
British Ambassador to Spain
Succeeded by
Sir Horace Rumbold
Preceded by
Sir Auckland Geddes
British Ambassador to the United States
Succeeded by
Sir Ronald Lindsay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Howard of Penrith
Succeeded by
Francis Philip Howard
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