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Estonian Internal Security Service


Estonian Internal Security Service

Internal Security Service
Agency overview
Formed 1920 as the Political Police
Jurisdiction Government of Estonia
Headquarters Toompuiestee 3, Tallinn
Agency executive
  • Arnold Sinisalu, Head Director
Parent agency Estonian Ministry of Internal Affairs

The Estonian Internal Security Service (Estonian: Kaitsepolitsei, officially Estonian: Kaitsepolitseiamet, KaPo for short) is a central national security institution of Republic of Estonia. Its purposes are centered on enforcing constitutional order. The Estonian Internal Security Service has primary investigative jurisdiction in some offences committed by state officials; countering terrorism; incitement to hatred; crimes against humanity and peace, including war crimes; illegal handling and trafficking of firearms, ammunition, explosives, radioactive material or other strategic materials; and the protection of state secrets. It also fills counterintelligence duties.

The Estonian Internal Security Service is administered as an agency of the Estonian Ministry of Internal Affairs.

While a lot of Estonian Internal Security Service's activities are classified, its overview of the status of national security is published yearly as the Kaitsepolitsei aastaraamat.


  • History 1
    • Re-establishment 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Kaitsepolitseiamet was first established on April 12, 1920. From 1925 to 1940 the institution was known as Political Police (Poliitiline politsei, abbreviated PolPol). The PolPol fought against subversive activities of political extremists, espionage, desertion, smuggling and terrorism. The most discussed targets were the Estonian communists whose party had been declared an illegal organisation following the failed

  • Official website
  • Julgeolekuasutuste Seadus, Riigi Teataja I 2001, 7, 17

External links

  1. ^ Walter, Hannes (February 1999). "Uprising of December 1, 192411" (PDF). Baltic Defence Review: 129–140. 
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ "Amnesty International Report 2009".  
  4. ^ Bäckman, Johan (2008). "Naamiaiset". Pronssisoturi. Tallinn: Tarbeinfo. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Simm stripped of honors".  


See also

[6][5][4] Criticism against the Estonian Internal Security Service has been presented by

According to an Amnesty International report from 2009: "In June, the Estonian Security Police Board published its annual report which made serious allegations against the Legal Information Centre for Human Rights (LICHR), an NGO promoting and defending the rights of those belonging to linguistic minorities. The report stated that the LICHR was used by the Russian Federation to carry out scientific research for propaganda purposes, and accused the LICHR of trying to conceal the specific sources of funding it received from the Russian Federation. These allegations were widely seen as an attempt by the government to misrepresent the LICHR and to undermine its attempts to secure the necessary financial and social support to carry out its work."[3]

The Estonian Internal Security Service was reestablished on March 1, 1991, as a part of restoration of Estonian independence from the Soviet occupation. Until June 18, 1993, the Estonian Internal Security Service was a department of the central police structure; then, it was reorganised as a distinct entity. Following adoption of a new law of security services on March 1, 2001, the status of the Estonian Internal Security Service was reclassified from a police institution to a security service.


When the Soviet Union annexed Estonia on June 17, 1940 the PolPol was one of the first institutions which was practically in corpore repressed - almost all of its employees were deported in course of June deportations; before the end of the World War II more than 90% of the PolPol employees and their families were killed.[2]

[2] Similarly, the PolPol surveyed pro-Nazi oriented Baltic Germans and extreme monarchists of the White Russian emigres.[1]

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