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Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Hamdan)

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Title: Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Hamdan)  
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Subject: Caravan raids, Conquest of Fadak, Expedition of Abdullah ibn Rawaha, Expedition of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib
Collection: 631 in Asia, Campaigns Ordered by Muhammad
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Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Hamdan)

Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib,[1] to convert the people of Yemen to Islam, took place in 10AH or 631 AD.[2]

Military Expedition

According to Ar-Rahīq al-Makhtum (the Sealed Nectar), a modern Islamic hagiography of Muhammad written by the Indian Muslim author Saif ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Khalid ibn al-Walid was appointed with the people of Hamdan to call them to Islam. He stayed with them for 6 months but they did not convert. Then Muhammad dispatched Ali ibn Abi Talib and Khalid came back to Muhammad. Ali called them to embrace Islam (and communicated a message from Muhammad to them), and they responded and embraced Islam. Ali then wrote to Muhammad about his success, to which Muhammad replied "Peace be upon Hamdan, Peace be upon Hamdan". Khalid ibn al-Walid was not able to convert the people of Hamdan in 6 months,[3] but Ali reportedly managed to convert all the people of Hamdan in 1 day.[4]

Islamic Primary sources

The event is mentioned by the Muslim jurist Tabari, he wrote:

The person who narrated this event was al-Bara b. Azib, who was an ardent supporter of Ali ibn Abi Talib.[6]

References

  1. ^ Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 239.  
  2. ^ Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 290 
  3. ^ Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 290 
  4. ^ Lambert Playfair, Sir Robert (1859). A history of Arabia Felix or Yemen, from the commencement of the Christian era to the present time: including an account of the British settlement of Aden. Education Society's Press. p. 79.  Original from: Oxford University (according to Google books)
  5. ^ Tabari, Al (25 Sep 1990), The last years of the Prophet (translated by Isma'il Qurban Husayn), State University of New York Press, p. 90,  
  6. ^ Tabari, Al (25 Sep 1990), The last years of the Prophet (translated by Isma'il Qurban Husayn), State University of New York Press, p. 90,   See footnote 614
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