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Foreign relations of Ukraine

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Title: Foreign relations of Ukraine  
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Subject: Legislation of Ukraine, Politics of Ukraine, Foreign relations of Ukraine, Netherlands–Ukraine relations, South Korea–Ukraine relations
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Foreign relations of Ukraine

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Ukraine has formal relations with many nations and in recent decades has been establishing diplomatic relations with an expanding circle of nations. The foreign relations of Ukraine are guided by a number of key priorities outlined in the foreign policy of Ukraine.


  • Western relations 1
  • Relations with CIS states 2
  • International disputes 3
    • Belarus 3.1
    • Russia 3.2
    • Moldova 3.3
    • Romania 3.4
  • Investment promotion 4
  • Relations by country 5
    • Multi-national 5.1
    • Europe 5.2
    • Asia 5.3
    • Rest of the world 5.4
  • See also 6
  • External links 7
  • References 8

Western relations

North Atlantic Cooperation Council. Ukraine also has a close relationship with NATO and has declared interest in eventual membership. It is the most active member of the Partnership for Peace (PfP). Former President Viktor Yushchenko indicated that he supports Ukraine joining the EU in the future. Plans for Ukrainian membership to NATO were shelved by Ukraine following the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election in which Viktor Yanukovych was elected President.[1] Yanukovych opted to keep Ukraine a non-aligned state.[2] This materialized on June 3, 2010 when the Ukrainian parliament excluded, with 226 votes, the goal of "integration into Euro-Atlantic security and NATO membership" from the country's national security strategy.[3] "European integration" is still part of Ukraine's national security strategy and co-operation with NATO was not excluded.[3] Ukraine considers its relations with NATO as a partnership.[4][5] Ukraine and NATO still hold joint seminars and joint tactical and strategical exercises.[6][7]

Relations with CIS states

Ukraine maintains peaceful and constructive relations with all its neighbors; it has especially close ties with Russia and Poland. Relations with the former are complicated by energy dependence and by payment arrears. However, relations have improved with the 1998 ratification of the bilateral Ukraine-Azerbaijan-Moldova).

Diplomatic missions of Ukraine

In 1999–2001, Ukraine served as a non-permanent member of the peacekeeping operations since 1992.

Leonid Derkach (chairman of the SBU, which is Ukraine's security service, successor to the KGB) was fired due to Western pressure after he organized the sale of radar systems to Iraq while such sales were embargoed.

International disputes


The 1997 boundary treaty with Belarus remains un-ratified due to unresolved financial claims, stalling demarcation and reducing border security.


Delimitation of the land boundary with Russia is incomplete, but the parties have agreed to defer demarcation. The maritime boundary through the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait remains unresolved despite a December 2003 framework agreement and on-going expert-level discussions. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin allegedly declared at a NATO-Russia summit in 2008 that if Ukraine would join NATO his country can contend to annex the Ukrainian East and Crimea.[8]


OSCE supervision.


Ukraine and Romania have settled their dispute over the Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy (Snake) Island and the Black Sea maritime boundary at the ICJ. The 2010 CIA World Factbook states that "Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea".

Investment promotion

State enterprise InvestUkraine was created[9] under the State Agency for Investment and National Projects (National Projects)[10] to serve as a One Stop Shop for investors and to deliver investment consulting services.

Relations by country


Organization Formal Relations Began Notes
 European Union 2009 See Eastern Partnership program, Council of Europe

The Eastern Partnership is meant to complement the Northern Dimension by providing an institutionalised forum for discussing visa agreements, free trade deals and strategic partnership agreements with the EU's eastern neighbours.

 United Nations 1945 / 1992 See Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
 NATO 1995 See Ukraine–NATO relations, Partnership for Peace program, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
 Commonwealth of Independent States 1991


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Austria 1992 See Austria–Ukraine relations

Ukraine includes a great deal of territory (some later part of Poland or Czechoslovakia before 1939) that used to be part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire: Lviv Oblast, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, most of the Chernivtsi Oblast and the Zakarpattia Oblast. Austria has an embassy in Kiev and 3 honorary consulates (in Donetsk, Kharkiv and Lviv). Ukraine has an embassy in Vienna and 2 honorary consulates (in Klagenfurt and Salzburg).

 Belarus See Belarus–Ukraine relations Today, the two countries share 891 km of border. Belarus has an embassy in Kiev and an honorary consulate in Lviv[11] Ukraine has an embassy in Minsk and a general consulate in Brest.[12] Both countries are full members of the Baku Initiative, Common Economic Space, Central European Initiative and Commonwealth of Independent States.
 Belgium 1992 See Belgium–Ukraine relations Belgium has an embassy in Kiev; Ukraine has an embassy in Brussels and two honorary consulates (in Antwerp and Mons). Although politically the two nations are not closely connected, they have a long history of economic integration and trade, with Belgian investment playing a role in the contemporary Ukrainian economy. As of 2008, trade revenue generated between the two nations accounted for approximately USD1 billion.
 Bulgaria 1992 See Bulgaria–Ukraine relations Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992. Bulgaria has an embassy in Kiev and a Consulate-General in Odessa.[13] Ukraine has an embassy in Sofia and a Consulate-General in Varna.
 Croatia See Croatia–Ukraine relations
  • The Cypriot embassy in Berlin (Germany) is also accredited as a non-resident embassy to Ukraine. Cyprus also has 2 honorary consulates in Kiev and in Mariupol.[14]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[15]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Ukraine
 Czech Republic See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic
 Denmark See Denmark-Ukraine relations
 Estonia See Foreign relations of Estonia
 Finland See Foreign relations of Finland
 France See Foreign relations of France
 Germany See Germany–Ukraine relations
  • Germany has an embassy in Kiev.[18]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Berlin and 3 Consulates-General (in Frankfurt, Hamburg and Munich).[19]
  • German Foreign Ministry about relations with Ukraine
 Greece See Foreign relations of Greece
 Holy See See Foreign relations of the Holy See
 Hungary See Foreign relations of Hungary
 Iceland See Foreign relations of Iceland
 Ireland See Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
 Italy See Foreign relations of Italy
 Latvia 1992-02-12 See Latvia–Ukraine relations
  • Latvia has an embassy in Kiev and 2 honorary consulates (in Lviv and Odessa).[20]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Riga and an honorary consulate in Ventspils.[21]
  • There are around 92,000 Ethnic Ukrainians living in Latvia.
  • Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine
 Lithuania See Lithuania–Ukraine relations
 Malta See Malta–Ukraine relations The Maltese embassy in Moscow (Russia) is also accredited as a non resident embassy to Ukraine. Ukraine is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy).
 Moldova See Moldova–Ukraine relations Ukraine opened an Embassy in Chişinău in and a Consulate in Balti in 2005. The Ukrainian ambassador in Chişinău is Serhiy Pirozhkov. The border between Moldova and Ukraine is 985 kilometers. Ukrainians are the second largest ethnicity group in Moldova after ethnic Moldavians. There are 442,346 of Ukrainians in Moldova, which represents 11.2% of the population. Moldavians are the fourth ethnic minority in Ukraine. As of 2001 Ukrainian Census, there were 258,600 Moldavians in Ukraine – which represents 0,5% of the Ukrainian population. For 70.0% of Moldavian speaking Ukrainians, Russian 17.6% and Ukrainian 10.7% are the native languages.
 Montenegro See Montenegro–Ukraine relations Ukraine recognized the Republic of Montenegro on June 15, 2006.[24] Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 22, 2006. The Ukrainian embassy in Belgrade (Serbia) is accredited as a non resident embassy to Montenegro. In 2008, both countries indicated an intent to open resident embassies.[25]
 Netherlands 1992 See Netherlands–Ukraine relations
  • The Netherlands has an embassy in Kiev and a consulate in Lviv.[26]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in The Hague.[27]
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine (in Dutch only)
 Norway 1992 See Norway–Ukraine relations
  • Norway recognized Ukraine’s independence in 1991
  • Norway has an embassy in Kiev.[28]
  • Ukraine has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Oslo.[29]
  • Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: information about relations with Ukraine
 Poland See Poland–Ukraine relations Poland was the first country in the World to recognize Ukrainian independence. The relations have been improving since, with Poland and Ukraine forming a strong strategic partnership.[30] Various controversies from their shared history occasionally resurface in Polish-Ukrainian relations, but they are not having a major influence on the bilateral relations of Poland and Ukraine.[31] Both countries share a border of about 529 km.[32] Poland's acceptance of the Schengen Agreement created problems with the Ukrainian border traffic. On July 1, 2009 an agreement on local border traffic between the two country's came into effect. This agreement enables Ukrainian citizens living in border regions to cross the Polish frontier according to a liberalized procedure.[33]
 Portugal 1992 See Portugal–Ukraine relations
  • Portugal recognized Ukraine’s independence in 1991.
  • Portugal has an embassy in Kiev.
  • Ukraine has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Lisbon and a consulate in Porto.[34]
  • There are between 40,000 and 150,000 Ukrainians living in Portugal.
 Romania 1992 See Romania–Ukraine relations
 Russia 1991 See Russia–Ukraine relations Russia has an embassy in Kiev and consulates in Kharkiv, Lviv, Odessa and Simferopol. Ukraine has an embassy in Moscow and consulates in Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Tyumen and Vladivostok. Relations between the two country's governments have been unfriendly since the presidency of Leonid Kuchma expired. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin allegedly declared at a NATO-Russia summit in 2008 that if Ukraine would join NATO his country can contend to annex the Ukrainian East and Crimea.[8] Some analysts believe that the current Russian leadership is determined to prevent a Russian equivalent of the Ukrainian Orange Revolution in Russia. This mindset is supposed to explain not only Russian domestic policy but its sensitivity over events abroad as well.[35] Many in Ukraine and beyond believe that Russia has periodically used its vast energy resources to bully its smaller, dependent neighbour, but the Russian Government argues instead that it is internal squabbling amongst Ukraine's political elite that is to blame for the deadlock.[36] Later Putin stated that the government of the Russian Federation respects the sovereignty of Ukraine, while several Russian parliamentaries as well some governors were claiming for the liquidation of Ukraine.
 Serbia 1994-01-01 See Serbia–Ukraine relations
  • Serbia recognized Ukraine in December 1991 by the decision on the recognition of the former republics of the Soviet Union.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Kiev.
 Slovakia 1993-01-01 See Slovakia–Ukraine relations
 Slovenia 1992-03-10
  • Slovenia has an embassy in Kiev and 2 honorary consulate in Kharkiv and Lviv.[40]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Ljubljana.[41]
  • Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe.
  • Slovenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of Slovenian representations in Ukraine
 Spain See Foreign relations of Spain
 Sweden 1992-01-13 See Sweden–Ukraine relations
  • Sweden has an embassy in Kiev and an honorary consulate in Kakhovka.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Stockholm.
  Switzerland See Switzerland–Ukraine relations Contacts between Switzerland and Ukraine go back to Tsarist times. Switzerland recognized Ukraine in 1991 and immediately opened an embassy in Kiev.[42] Ukraine has an embassy in Bern.[43][44]
 United Kingdom See Ukraine – United Kingdom relations
  • The UK Consulate-General in Kiev opened in November 1991 and became an Embassy in January 1992.[45]
  • Ukraine opened an Embassy in London in October 1992 and a Consulate General in Edinburgh in February 2002.[46]
  • See also Ukrainian migration to Britain
  • British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about the relations with Ukraine


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia See Armenia–Ukraine relations
  • Armenian-Ukrainian relations have lasted for centuries and today are cordial.
  • Armenian communities existed in the Ancient Kievian State as far back as the 12th century. These communities developed into Armenian settlements.[47]
  • Ukraine is a member of GUAM, which leaves Armenia out of regional transportation and energy projects.
  • Alexander Bojko: Armenian-Ukrainian relations are developing quite dynamically
  • Ukraine ready to promote the settlement of the Karabakh conflict
  • Armenian-Ukrainian relations –
  • Domestic developments in Ukraine not to tell on relations with Armenia
 Azerbaijan 1992 See . Azerbaijan also helped Ukraine in to shelter Chernobyl sarcophagus. United Nations conflict within the framework of Azerbaijan's territorial integrity and ready to take part in possible peacekeeping operation under the mandate of the Nagorno-Karabakh Ukraine supports the peaceful resolution of the conflict of the [50]
 Georgia See Shota Rustaveli in Kiev.
 India See India–Ukraine relations The Indian Embassy in Kiev was opened in May 1992 and Ukraine opened its Mission in New Delhi in February 1993. The Consulate General of India in Odessa functioned from 1962 till its closure in March 1999.
 Indonesia See Foreign relations of Indonesia
 Iraq See Iraq–Ukraine relations Ukraine has an embassy in Baghdad and Iraq has an embassy in Kiev. A small contingent of Ukraine operated in Iraq in the wake of the invasion of Iraq mainly concerning police work and reconstruction.
 Israel 1992 See Israel–Ukraine relations
  • Israel has an embassy in Kiev.[51]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Tel Aviv and a consulate-general in Haifa.[52]
 Japan See Japan–Ukraine relations Japan extended diplomatic recognition to the Ukrainian state on December 28, 1991, immediately after the breakup of the Soviet Union and full diplomatic relations were established on January 26, 1992. Ukraine maintains an embassy in Tokyo,[53] and Japan maintains an embassy in Kiev.[54]
 Kazakhstan 1991 See Kazakhstan–Ukraine relations
  • Kazakhstan has an embassy in Kiev and an honorary consulate in Odessa.[55]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Astana and a consulate-general in Almaty.[56]
 Malaysia 1992-03-03 See Malaysia–Ukraine relations
  • Malaysia has an embassy in Kiev.[57]
  • Since August 2002, Ukraine has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.[58]
 Pakistan 1992 See Pakistan–Ukraine relations
  • Pakistan recognized Ukraine’s independence in 1991.
  • Pakistan has an embassy in Kiev.[59]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Islamabad.[60]
  • Ukraine and Pakistan have been cooperating with each other in educational sector as well as cultural exchanges. Pakistan and Ukraine are also heavily cooperating with each other in aerospace engineering, aerospace technologies, bio-medical sciences and science and technology.
 People's Republic of China See People's Republic of China – Ukraine relations China has an embassy in Kiev and a Consulate-General in Odessa. Ukraine has an embassy in Beijing and a Consulate-General in Shanghai. Chinese Ukrainian trade relations have intensified since 2008[61] and are growing, for instance various Chinese companies are interested in investing in the construction of a large orbital road around Kiev and in building a number of bridges across the Dnipro River.[62] China intends to provide a loan of 25 million yuan (about USD 3.7 million) to Ukraine.[63]
 Saudi Arabia 1993-04 See Saudi Arabia – Ukraine relations
  • Saudi Arabia recognized Ukraine’s independence in 1992.
  • Saudi Arabia is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Riyadh and an honorary consulate in Jeddah.[64]
  • In January 2003, Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma made an official visit to Saudi Arabia.
 Singapore 1992-05-31 See Singapore–Ukraine relations
  • Singapore recognized Ukraine’s independence on January 2, 1992.
  • Singapore is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).[65]
  • Since December 2002, Ukraine has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Singapore.[66]
  • In 2007, the two countries commenced negotiations for a free trade agreement.[67] In 2006, Ukraine was Singapore's 55th largest trading partner last year, with total trade amounting to S$774 million [68]
  • In 2007, the two countries signed a double taxation agreement.[69]
 South Korea 1992-06-06 See Foreign relations of South Korea
 Turkey See Turkish–Ukrainian relations Turkey and Ukraine have a long chronology of historical, geographic, and cultural contact. Diplomatic relations between both countries were established in early 1990s when Turkey became one of the first states in the world to announce officially about recognition of sovereign Ukraine. Turkey has an embassy in Kiev and a consulate general in Odessa.[70] Ukraine has an embassy in Ankara and a consulate general in Istanbul.[71]
  • Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine
 Thailand See Thailand–Ukraine relations
  • Thailand is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • Ukraine has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Bangkok.
 Vietnam See Ukraine–Vietnam relations

Rest of the world

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria 1993 See Algeria–Ukraine relations
  • Algeria recognized Ukraine’s independence in 1992.
  • Algeria has an embassy in Kiev.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Algiers (opened in 1999[72]).
  • Diplomatic relations between both countries were established in 1993. Soon (1993–1994), military and trade agreements between two countries were signed.[72]
 Argentina 1992-01-06
  • Argentina has an embassy in Kiev.[73]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Buenos Aires.[74]
  • List of Treaties ruling relations Argentina and Ukraine (Argentine Foreign Ministry, in Spanish)
  • A visa-free travel regime between the two countries started operating in October 2011.[75]
  • Relations with Australia are currently modest but increasing.
  • Australia And Ukraine have one bilateral treaty on agreement and economical cooperation, signed in March 1998
  • Ukraine opened an Embassy in Canberra in March 2003.[76]
  • Australia’s Ambassador in Moscow is accredited to Ukraine.
  • Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Ukraine
 Canada See Canada–Ukraine relations Diplomatic relations were established between Canada and Ukraine on January 27, 1992.[77] Canada opened its embassy in Kiev[78] in April 1992, and the Embassy of Ukraine in Ottawa opened in October of that same year, paid for mostly by donations from the Ukrainian-Canadian community. Ukraine opened a consulate general in Toronto in 1993 and announced plans to open another in Edmonton in 2008.[79] Canada also has a consulate in L'viv.
 Chile See Foreign relations of Chile
 Egypt See Foreign relations of Egypt
 Guinea Ukraine has shown support for military dictatorships in Guinea by supplying the militia of Moussa Dadis Camara.[80]
 Mexico 1992-01-12 See Mexico–Ukraine relations
  • Mexico has an embassy in Kiev.[81]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Mexico City.[82]
 Paraguay 1993-02-26 See Paraguay–Ukraine relations
  • Paraguay is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).[83]
  • Ukraine is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) and an honorary consulate in Asuncion.
  • There is an important community of people of Ukrainian origins in Paraguay (between 10,000 and 15,000 people), most of whom arrived at the beginning of the 20th century. (See also Ukrainians in Paraguay)
 South Africa See South Africa – Ukraine relations
  • South Africa established its Embassy in Kiev in October 1992.[84]
  • Ukraine established its Embassy in Pretoria in 1995.[85]
 United States See Ukraine – United States relations The United States enjoys cordially friendly and strategic relations with Ukraine and attaches great importance to the success of Ukraine's transition to a democratic state with a flourishing free market economy.
  • Ukraine is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina).[86]
  • Uruguay is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through an honorary consulate in Kiev.
  • There are around 10,000 people of Ukrainian descent living in Uruguay.

See also

External links


  1. ^ Ukraine makes it official: Nation will abandon plans to join NATO, Kyiv Post (May 28, 2010)
  2. ^ Yanukovych opens door to Russian navy keeping base in Ukraine Retrieved on March 09, 2010
  3. ^ a b Ukraine drops NATO membership bid, EUobserver (June 6, 2010)
  4. ^ Yanukovych: Ukraine currently not ready to join NATO, Kyiv Post (May 27, 2010)
  5. ^ Yanukovych: Ukraine positively evaluates level of relations with NATO, Kyiv Post (September 21, 2011)
  6. ^ Ukraine, NATO to hold security exercises during Euro 2012, Kyiv Post (26 March 2012)
  7. ^ Yanukovych approves program of Ukraine-NATO cooperation for 2012, Kyiv Post (20 April 2012)
  8. ^ a b (Ukrainian) The Imperial complex of Russians, Ukrayinska Pravda (July 3, 2008)
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Belarussian embassy in Kiev (in Russian only)
  12. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Minsk (in Russian and Ukrainian only)
  13. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Kiev (in Bulgarian only)
  14. ^ Cyprus honorary consulate in Kiev (in Ukrainian only)
  15. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Nicosia
  16. ^ "French embassy in Kiev (in French and Ukrainian only)". Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  17. ^ "Ukrainian embassy in Paris". Retrieved 2011-06-10. 
  18. ^ German embassy in Kiev (in German and Ukrainian only)
  19. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Berlin (in German and Ukrainian only)
  20. ^ Latvian embassy in Kiev
  21. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Riga
  22. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Kiev (in Lithuanian and Ukrainian only)
  23. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Vilnius
  24. ^
  25. ^ Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev – October 14, 2008
  26. ^ Dutch embassy in Kiev
  27. ^ Ukrainian embassy in The Hague
  28. ^ Norwegian embassy in Kiev
  29. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Oslo
  30. ^ Zajączkowski, 2005.
  31. ^ Copsey, 2006.
  32. ^ (Polish) Informacje o Polsce – informacje ogólne. Page gives Polish PWN Encyklopedia as reference.
  33. ^ Local Border Traffic Agreement With Poland Takes Effect, Ukrainian News Agency (July 1, 2009)
  34. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Lisbon (in Portuguese and Ukrainian only)
  35. ^ Russia: World watching for any change, BBC News (March 3, 2008)
  36. ^ The rifts behind Europe's gas row, BBC News (January 8, 2009)
  37. ^ Slovak embassy in Kiev
  38. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Bratislava
  39. ^ Serhy Yekelchyk "Ukraine: Birth of a Modern Nation", Oxford University Press (2007), ISBN 978-0-19-530546-3 (page 128-130)
  40. ^ Slovenian embassy in Kiev
  41. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Ljubljana
  42. ^ Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Ukraine
  43. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Bern (in German only)
  44. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Bern (in English)
  45. ^ British embassy in Kiev
  46. ^ Ukrainian embassy in London
  47. ^ Present Ukrainian-Armenian relations and Ukrainian policy in the South Caucasus – Olexandr
  48. ^ Embassy of Azerbaijan in Ukraine
  49. ^ Embassy of Ukraine in Azerbaijan
  50. ^ Azerbaijan and Ukraine to support each other when entering into international standardization organizations
  51. ^ Israeli embassy in Kiev
  52. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Tel Aviv
  53. ^ "Ukrainian embassy in Tokyo". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  54. ^ "Embassy of Japan in Ukraine". Embassy of Japan in Ukraine. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  55. ^ Kazakh embassy in Kiev
  56. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Astana
  57. ^ Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Malaysian embassy in Kiev
  58. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Kuala Lumpur
  59. ^ Pakistani embassy in Kiev
  60. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Islamabad
  61. ^ Ukraine hopes to step up trade, economic cooperation with China, says premier, Interfax-Ukraine (June 22, 2009)
  62. ^ China wants to invest in construction of large ring road around Kiev, says Tymoshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (June 22, 2009)
  63. ^ China To Provide Grant Of USD 3.7 Million To Ukraine, Ukrainian News Agency (July 2, 2009)
  64. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Riyadh
  65. ^ Singaporian embassy in Moscow (also accredited to Ukraine)
  66. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Singapore
  67. ^
  68. ^
  69. ^
  70. ^ Turkish embassy in Kiev
  71. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Ankara
  72. ^ a b Ukrain-Algeria relations(At the site of the Ukrainian embassy in Israel; also at the Ukrainian Mission at the EU
  73. ^ Argentine embassy in Kiev (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
  74. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Buenos Aires (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
  75. ^ Ukrainian tourists now able to visit Argentina without visas, Kyiv Post (October 3, 2011)
  76. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Canberra
  77. ^ For a detailed discussion of Canada's early diplomatic engagement with Canada, see Bohdan Kordan, "Canadian Ukrainian Relations: Articulating the Canadian Interest," in L. Hajda, ed. (1996), Ukraine in the World: Studies in the International Relations and Security Structure of a Newly Independent State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  78. ^ The capital of Ukraine (commonly "Kiev" in English) is officially recognized by both the Canadian and Ukrainian governments as Kyiv in all English communications (although not in French).
  79. ^ Edmonton Journal
  80. ^
  81. ^ Mexican embassy in Kiev (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
  82. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Mexico City (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
  83. ^ Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations
  84. ^ South African Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine
  85. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Pretoria
  86. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Buenos Aires, also accredited to Uruguay (in Spanish and Ukrainian only)
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