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Fusion for Energy

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Fusion for Energy

Fusion for Energy
Logo of Fusion for Energy (F4E)
Agency overview
Formed 27 March 2007 (2007-03-27)
Jurisdiction European Union
Headquarters Barcelona ,Spain
Agency executive
  • Pietro Barabaschi, Acting director
Key document
  • Council Decision No. 2007/198/Euratom
Website .eu.europafusionforenergy

Fusion for Energy (F4E) is the Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy –was created under article 45 of the Euratom Treaty by the decision of the Council of the European Union on 27 March 2007 for a period of 35 years.[1]

F4E counts 400 members of staff and its offices are located in [2]

Mission and governance

F4E’s primary mission is to manage the European contribution to the ITER project; therefore it provides financial funds, which mostly come from the European Community budget. Among other tasks, F4E oversees the preparation of the ITER construction site in Saint-Paul-lès-Durance, in France. F4E is formed by Euratom (represented by the European Commission), the Member States of the European Union and Switzerland, which participates as a third country.[3] To ensure the overall supervision of its activities, the members sit on a governing board, which has a wide range of responsibilities including appointing the director.

Fusion energy

Fusion is the process which powers the sun, producing energy by fusing together light atoms such as hydrogen at extremely high pressures and temperatures. Fusion reactors use two forms of hydrogen, deuterium and tritium, as fuel.

The benefits of fusion energy are that it is an inherently safe process and it does not create greenhouse gases or long-lasting radioactive waste.[4]

The ITER project

ITER, meaning “the way” in Latin, is an international experiment aiming to demonstrate the scientific and technical feasibility of fusion as an energy source.[5] The machine is being constructed in Saint-Paul-lès-Durance in the South of France and is funded by seven parties: China, the European Union, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States. Collectively, the parties taking part in the ITER project represent over one half of the world’s population and 80% of the global GDP.[6]

The Broader Approach activities

The Broader Approach (BA) activities are three research projects carried out under an agreement between the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and Japan, which contribute equally financially. They are meant to complement the ITER project and accelerate the development of fusion energy through R&D by cooperating on a number of projects of mutual interest.

This agreement entered into force on 1 June 2007 and runs for at least 10 years. The Broader Approach consists of three main projects located in Japan: the Satellite Tokamak Programme project JT-60SA (super advanced), the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility - Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities (IFMIF/EVEDA) and the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC).

The DEMO project

F4E also aims to contribute to DEMO (Demonstration Power Plant). This experiment is supposed to generate significant amounts of electricity over extended periods and will be self-sufficient in tritium, one of the necessary gases to create fusion. The first commercial fusion electricity power plants are set to be established following DEMO, which is set to be larger in size than ITER and to produce significantly larger fusion power over long periods: a continuous production of up to 500 megawatts of electricity.

Management difficulties

A report by the consultancy [2] From 2010, a host of reforms were undertaken within F4E, including a reshuffling and reorientation of the governance and management structures, as well as a cost-savings programme.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

  • Fusion for Energy, the agency's home page.
  • Fusion for Energy: Understanding Fusion
  • Euratom/fusion, the Fusion page of the EURATOM
  • [1], the Broader Approach agreement
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