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Gardēzī Sadaat

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Gardēzī Sadaat

Gardēzī Sadaat
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
UrduPersianAwadhi
Religion
• Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
SayyidArabIndo-IranianSayyid of Uttar PradeshSadaat AmrohaSadaat-e-BilgramSaadat-e-Bara

Gardēzī Sadaat (Persian: سادات گردیزی‎) is a Sadaat Muslim family of Sayyid from Gardez (Afghanistan); consequently known as ‘Gardēzī Sadaat’ in Indian subcontinent.

Origin

There are many Sayyid families in Indian subcontinent, but the one migrated from Gardez are called as ‘Gardēzī Sadaat’.[1][2] In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, there are still some members of this distinct ethnic group as mostly have been killed during several wars under Islamic rulers in India or have lost their original hegemony in these hundreds of years and ultimately mixed with the local ethnic population.

Family tree

Following is a genealogy of a family belongs to 'Gardēzī Sadaat' in India. After the Changez khan’s massacre in Iran (Destruction under the Mongol Empire), this family migrated from Mashhad (Iran) to Sabzwar and then to India via Gardēz (Afghanistan) during the reign of Sultan Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211-1235). In India, this family was acclaimed later on as Gardēzī Sadaat and received many honorific titles from Mughal emperors.

According to Akhbarul Akhyar by Shaikh Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi, the two brothers Mir Syed Shahabuddin and Mir Syed Shamsuddin who belonged to Gardezi Sadaat came to Delhi during Iltutmish times. The family of Mir Syed Shahabuddin was settled in Manikpur while the family of Mir Syed Shamsuddin Daod stayed at the region of Mewat. From the family of Manikpur, Raji Hamid Shah (caliph Shaikh Hisamuddin Manikpuri) was a famous scholar.[3] The Lineal descendant of both these brothers in Mewat and Manikpur are remembered as Gardezi Sadaat.

According to Tarikhul Aimma fi Zikr Khulafai Ummah by Mir Mahboob Ali, "some family members of Syed Shamsuddin Daod were settled in Sabzwar, and hence also known as Syed Sabzwari".[4]

According to Tarikh-i-Firuz_Shahi by Ziauddin Barani, the families that belonged in the period of Sultan Iltutmish and remained in the period of Ghiyas ud din Balban were also from ancestors of Syed Chajju.[5]


 
 
 
 
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The above family is also referred as 'Saadat-e Sakras' as they lived in Sakras (Haryana) around 400 years from 17th to 20th centuries. It is assumed that the father of Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad immigrated to Sakras.[6]

See also

References

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