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Geary County, Kansas

Geary County, Kansas
Geary County Courthouse in Junction City
Map of Kansas highlighting Geary County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1855[1]
Named for John W. Geary
Seat Junction City
Largest city Junction City
 • Total 404 sq mi (1,046 km2)
 • Land 385 sq mi (997 km2)
 • Water 20 sq mi (52 km2), 4.9%
 • (2010) 34,362
 • Density 61/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.kansasgov.gearywww

Geary County (county code GE) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 34,362.[2] Its county seat and most populous city is Junction City.[3] The county is named in honor of Governor John W. Geary.

Geary County comprises the Junction City, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Manhattan-Junction City, KS Combined Statistical Area.


  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated community 6.2
    • Fort Riley 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10


Geary County was formed on August 30, 1855 as an original county from open, free territory. It was among the first 33 counties established by the territory government.

Geary County was originally named Davis County in 1855 after Jefferson Davis. In 1862 and 1864 after Davis became president of the confederacy, attempts were made to change the county's name, but both failed. Federal census records show it as Davis County from 1860 through 1880, in addition to the 1885 Kansas State census. In 1888 the county was renamed in honor of John W. Geary, an early Governor of the Kansas Territory.[4][5]

Law and government

Geary County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1990.[6]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 404 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 385 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (4.9%) is water.[7] It is the second-smallest county in Kansas by land area and third-smallest by total area.

Adjacent counties


As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 27,947 people, 10,458 households, and 7,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 11,959 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.13% White, 22.03% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 3.16% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 5.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.45% of the population.

There were 10,458 households out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,917, and the median income for a family was $36,372. Males had a median income of $25,942 versus $21,389 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,199. About 9.70% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.


Unified school districts

  • Geary County USD 475


2005 KDOT Map of Geary County (map legend)


Unincorporated community

Fort Riley

Located north of the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers, the Fort Riley Military Reservation covers 100,656 acres (407 km2) in Geary and Riley counties. The fort has a daytime population of nearly 25,000 and includes two census-designated places:


Geary County is divided into eight townships. The city of Junction City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
Population Population
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Blakely 07275 113 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01%
Jackson 34775 78 1 (2) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0%
Jefferson 35200 Grandview Plaza 1,651 13 (35) 124 (48) 2 (1) 1.55%
Liberty 40050 225 1 (3) 171 (66) 0 (0) 0.03%
Lyon 43500 298 3 (7) 113 (43) 1 (1) 1.20%
Milford 46550 1,583 16 (41) 101 (39) 28 (11) 21.49%
Smoky Hill 66000 4,974 33 (86) 149 (58) 20 (8) 11.84%
Wingfield 80025 139 1 (3) 123 (48) 0 (0) 0%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also


  1. ^ "Geary County, Kansas Genealogy". Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Cutler, William G. (1883). History of the State of Kansas. A.T. Andreas. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135. 
  6. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

Official sites
  • Geary County
  • Junction City and Geary County Economic Development
  • Geary County Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • Geary County - Information, Skyways
  • Fort Riley
  • Geary County Kansas AHGP
  • Geary County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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