World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ghadar Party

Ghadar Party
Founded 1913
Dissolved 1919
Preceded by Pacific Coast Hindustan Association
Ideology Revolutionary Socialism
Indian Nationalism
Colours Red, Saffron and Green

The Ghadar Party was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians,[1] in the United States and Canada with the aim to gaining India's independence from British rule. Key members included lala Har Dayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and Rashbehari Bose.

After the outbreak of

  • A Gallery on Gadar Party
  • Ghadar Party materials in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)
  • Ghadar: The Indian Immigrant Outrage Against Canadian Injustices 1900 - 1918 by Sukhdeep Bhoi
  • The Hindustan Ghadar Collection. The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
  • Communist Ghadar Party of India

External links

  • Ramnath, Maia (2011). Haj to Utopia: How the Ghadar Movement Charted Global Radicalism and Attempted to Overthrow the British Empire. University of California Press.  

Further reading

  • Strachan, Hew (2001), The First World War. Volume I: To Arms, Oxford University Press. USA,  .
  1. ^ a b c d e "Ghadr (Sikh political organization)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Strachan 2001, p. 795
  3. ^
  4. ^ "There were not many Scheduled Caste persons in the Ghadar movement, however; Mangoo Ram recalls only one other Chamar besides himself.". 


See also

A character in the World War II thriller The Tenth Unknown by author Jvalant Nalin Sampat is a member of the Ghadar Party and is involved in the Ghadar Mutiny.

In popular media

  1. Sohan Singh Bhakna (President)
  2. Kesar Singh (Vice President)
  3. Lala Hardyal (General Secretary & Editor, Urdu Gadar)
  4. Kartar Singh Sarabha (Editor, Punjabi Gadar)
  5. Baba Jawala Singh (Vice President)
  6. Sant Baba Wasakha Singh Dadehar
  7. Balwant Singh (Ghadarite)
  8. Pt. Kanshi Ram (Treasurer)
  9. Harnam Singh Tundilat
  10. G. D. Verma
  11. Lala Thaker Das (Dhuri) (Vice Secretary)
  12. Munshi Ram (Organizing Secretary)
  13. Bhai Parmanand
  14. Nidhan Singh Chugha
  15. Santokh Singh (Ghadarite)
  16. Master Udham Singh
  17. Baba Harnam Singh (Kari Sari)
  18. Mangu Ram Mugowalia[4]
  19. Karim Bakhsh
  20. Amar Chand
  21. Rehmat Ali (Ghadarite)
  22. V. G. Pingle
  23. Sant Baba Wasakha Singh
  24. Maulavi Barkatullah
  25. Harnam Singh Saini
  26. Tarak Nath Das
  27. Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje
  28. Ganda Singh Phangureh
  29. Bhai Randhir Singh
  30. Karim Bux

Founder members

The Ghadar party commanded a loyal following the province of Punjab, but many of its most prominent activists were forced into exile to Canada and the United States. It ceased to play an active role in Indian politics after 1919. The party had active members in other countries such as Mexico, Japan, China, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Malaya, Indo-China and Eastern and Southern Africa.

In 1917 some of their leaders were arrested and put on trial in the Hindu German Conspiracy Trial in which their paper was quoted.

Ghadar activists undertook what the British described as political terrorism. Ghadar activists were responsible for bombs planted on government property.

The party rose to prominence in the second decade of the 20th century, and grew in strength owing to Indian discontent over World War I and the lack of political reforms.

No pundits or mullahs do we need

Following the voyage of the German government. They had a very militant tone, as illustrated by this quote from Harnam Singh:

The party was built around the weekly paper The Ghadar, which carried the caption on the masthead: Angrezi Raj Ka Dushman (an enemy of the British rule). "Wanted brave soldiers", the Ghadar declared, "to stir up rebellion in India. Pay-death; Price-martyrdom; Pension-liberty; Field of battle-India". The ideology of the party was strongly secular. In the words of Sohan Singh Bhakna, who later became a major peasant leader of the Punjab: "We were not Sikhs or Punjabis. Our religion was patriotism". The first issue of The Ghadar, was published from San Francisco on November 1, 1913.

Ghadar Newspaper (Urdu) Vol. 1, No. 22, March 24, 1914

The Ghadar Newspaper

The Ghadar Party, initially the Pacific Coast Hindustan Association, was formed in 1913 in the United States under the leadership of Har Dayal,Sant Baba Wasakha Singh Dadehar, Baba Jawala Singh, Santokh Singh and Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president. The members of the party were Indian immigrants, largely from Punjab.[2] Many of its members were students at University of California at Berkeley including Dayal, Tarak Nath Das, Maulavi Barkatullah,Harnam Singh Tundilat, Kartar Singh Sarabha and V.G. Pingle. The party quickly gained support from Indian expatriates, especially in the United States, Canada, East Africa and Asia.

Ghadar di Gunj, an early Ghadarite compilation of nationalist and socialist literature, was banned in India in 1913.

RasBihari Bose on request from Vishnu Ganesh Pingle, an American trained Ghadr, who met Bose at Benares and requested him to take up the leadership of the coming revolution. But before accepting the responsibility, he sent Sachin Sanyal to the Punjab to assess the situation. Sachin returned very optimistic.,[1][3] in the United States and Canada with the aim to liberate India from British rule. The movement began with a group of immigrants known as the Hindustani Workers of the Pacific Coast.[1]

[2] The economic downturn in India during the early twentieth century witnessed a high level of emigration. Some of these emigrants settled in North America. These included Punjabis as well as people from other parts of India. The


Ghadar is an



  • Etymology 1
  • Background 2
  • The Ghadar Newspaper 3
  • Founder members 4
  • In popular media 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

[1] factions. The party was formally dissolved in 1948.Anti-Communist and Communist After the conclusion of the war, the party in America split into [1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.