World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ghanche District

Article Id: WHEBN0004860341
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ghanche District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Baltistan, Gilgit-Baltistan, Masherbrum Mountains, Masherbrum, Districts of Gilgit-Baltistan
Collection: Districts of Gilgit-Baltistan, Districts of Pakistan, Ghanche District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ghanche District

Ghanche District
ضلع گانچھے
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Country Pakistan
Province Gilgit-Baltistan
Division Baltistan
Capital Khaplu
 • Total 4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 88,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Ghanche District(Urdu: ضلع گانچھے‎) (Balti: Gangchay) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan.[1][2][3] To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its west is Astore District and to its south is Ladakh of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District is located across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India including the entire Siachen Glacier. It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park. Pakistan controls west of Saltoro Ridge.

The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu.[4] This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram [5] that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).[6]


  • Etymology 1
  • Administration 2
  • Religion 3
  • Education 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6


The word Gangchay is Balti and means "glacier". It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Shyok river which flows the length of Khaplu town. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.[7]


An evening at Goma village, Ghanche, Gilgit and Baltistan in Pakistan was taken just before the start of winter season.

Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into three subdivisions: Khaplu,Daghoni and Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley were lost by Indian invasion in 1971. They were Chalunka, Tyakshi, Thang and Turtuk.[8] Some of them are given in the chart below.

Name of Village/Town Muhallahs in the Village/Town
Khaplu Bala Mouldomar, Sargaib,Stodkhoor(Braqchansar ,Khanser, Banpi,Hundili Gharalti,Laxar) Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong,Goma staqji(Muhsinabad), Langkhong(Islamabad), Hatchhe, Danis, Doqsa, Garbochung
Khaplu Pain Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung
Keris Sadat Colony, Monkhor,
Chorbat Siksa(Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Pion, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu
Saling Banpi
Thagas Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq, Newti Chan, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung.
Yugo Baqir Colony
Ghawari Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha
Kuro Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,
Gulshan e kabeer Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)
Talis Nima bazar, hussani chock,
Surmo Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar
Kondus Karmanding,Choghogrong,Lachat,Thang,Hano,Khorkondo
Machulu Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi
Balghar Lahar, marmung
Marzi Gon
BARA Valley Baltistan GUMBA BARA {Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, BARA Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori}, GUNGMA BARA {Spinpi, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka,Pandiva, ChounPa, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa,Tatous}
Thalay Haltagari


All the people living in Ghanche are Muslims and mostly people belong to Nurbakhshi (95%) branch of Islam whereas there are Shia Ithna-ashri and others (7%) Muslims as well. The scholar is religious leader called ‘Bowa’ in local language and has very important place in society.


According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Ghanche is ranked 54 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 98 out of 148.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "The serenity of Ghanche: Of mountains, rivers and valleys". 
  2. ^ "Mapping education in Pakistan 2015". 
  3. ^ "Rifts within Nurbakhshiyas: Dozens arrested after clashes in Ghanche Valley". 
  4. ^ "Khaplu — off the beaten path". 
  5. ^ Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
  6. ^ "History of Ganche and places to see". 
  7. ^ Arz-e-Shimal by Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
  8. ^ "geography of baltistan". 
  9. ^ "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2015-05-07. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.