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Grand Loop Road Historic District

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Title: Grand Loop Road Historic District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lamar River, Craig Pass, Fort Yellowstone, Hiram M. Chittenden, Dunraven Pass, Gibbon River, List of Yellowstone National Park-related articles, Harry W. Frantz
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Grand Loop Road Historic District

Grand Loop Road Historic District
Location Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Coordinates

44°38′16″N 110°36′54″W / 44.63778°N 110.61500°W / 44.63778; -110.61500 (Grand Loop Road Historic District)Coordinates: 44°38′16″N 110°36′54″W / 44.63778°N 110.61500°W / 44.63778; -110.61500 (Grand Loop Road Historic District)

Architect U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; National Park Service
Architectural style Other
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 03001345
Added to NRHP December 23, 2003[1]

The Grand Loop Road Historic District encompasses the primary road system in Yellowstone National Park. Much of the 140-mile (230 km) system was originally planned by Captain Hiram M. Chittenden of the US Army Corps of Engineers in the early days of the park, when it was under military administration. The Grand Loop Road provides access to the major features of the park, including the Upper, Midway and Lower geyser basins, Mammoth Hot Springs, Tower Fall, the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone and Lake Yellowstone.[2]

A number of other historic districts adjoin the Grand Loop in Yellowstone, including Mammoth Hot Springs, North Entrance Road, Roosevelt Lodge, Lake Fish Hatchery and Old Faithful historic districts.

The Grand Loop Road includes unsigned portions of US 20, US 89, US 191 and US 287, all of which traverse the park. The road was named by Harry W. Frantz in 1923, who served as the park's publicist before beginning a long career as a journalist.[3]

Route

Beginning at the junction of the North Entrance Road and Grand Loop Road at Yellowstone National Park headquarters at Fort Yellowstone near Mammoth Hot Springs 44°58′34″N 110°42′2″W / 44.97611°N 110.70056°W / 44.97611; -110.70056 (Grand Loop Road-Mammoth Hot Springs), the road travels south, passing through Golden Gate Canyon on a viaduct and ascending the Gallatin Range, crossing Kingman Pass near Bunsen Peak. From the pass, the road descends into the Gardner River valley. At the south end of the valley, the road passes Sheepeater Cliff, a prominent columnar basalt cliff. After crossing the Gardner River, the road follows Obsidian Creek into Obsidian Canyon, passing Obsidian Cliff about halfway through the canyon. From Obsidian Canyon, the road continues south into the Norris Valley and the Norris Geyser Basin 44°43′38″N 110°41′47″W / 44.72722°N 110.69639°W / 44.72722; -110.69639 (Grand Loop Road-Norris Junction). Here, the road meets the Gibbon River and follows it into the Gibbon Geyser Basin and Gibbon Canyon. Emerging from the canyon the Gibbon River merges with the Firehole River to form the Madison River. At this point—Madison Junction 44°38′43″N 110°51′29″W / 44.64528°N 110.85806°W / 44.64528; -110.85806 (Grand Loop Road-Madison Junction), the road junctions with West Entrance Road which follows the Madison River west out of the park and to West Yellowstone, Montana.

Grand Loop Road continues to follow the Firehole River south and east. In a relatively short distance, the road travels through the three most notable geyser basins in the park: Lower Geyser Basin, Midway Geyser Basin and Upper Geyser Basin. The Old Faithful Historic District is located on the Grand Loop Road adjacent to the Upper Geyser Basin. Turning east from Old Faithful the road crosses the Continental Divide over Craig Pass, and descends to the West Thumb Geyser Basin on the shore of Yellowstone Lake. West Thumb 44°24′49″N 110°34′42″W / 44.41361°N 110.57833°W / 44.41361; -110.57833 (Grand Loop Road-West Thumb) is the southernmost point on the Great Loop road. Here the road junctions with South Entrance Road which continues south to Grand Teton National Park.

The Grand Loop Road continues north along the shore of Yellowstone Lake. Near the northern end of the lake it passes the Lake Hotel and the Lake Fish Hatchery Historic District. Just past the Lake Hotel area 44°34′1″N 110°23′11″W / 44.56694°N 110.38639°W / 44.56694; -110.38639 (Grand Loop Road-Lake), the East Entrance Road turns right and crosses the Yellowstone River over Fishing Bridge and continues east to Cody, Wyoming. The Grand Loop Road follows the western side of the Yellowstone River north into the Hayden Valley and past upper Yellowstone Falls near the mouth of the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone44°44′9″N 110°29′35″W / 44.73583°N 110.49306°W / 44.73583; -110.49306 (Grand Loop Road-Canyon). The road then crosses Dunraven Pass near Mount Washburn and descends to Tower Fall and Tower Junction 44°54′57″N 110°24′56″W / 44.91583°N 110.41556°W / 44.91583; -110.41556 (Grand Loop Road-Tower Junction) where it intersects with the North East Entrance Road to Cooke City, Montana.

From Tower Junction, the road travels north and then west through the Gallatin Range to complete the loop at Mammoth Hot Springs.

See also

References

External links

  • Grand Loop Road Historic District at the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office
  • Historic American Engineering Record (HAER)
  • Isa Lake Bridge, Spanning Isa Lake at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Teton, WY at HAER
  • Nez Perce Bridge, Spanning Nez Perce Creek at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Teton, WY at HAER
  • Gibbon River Bridge No. 1, Spanning Gibbon River at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Gibbon River Bridge No. 2, Spanning Gibbon River at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Lava Creek Bridge, Spanning Lava Creek at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Otter Creek Bridge No. 1, Spanning Otter Creek at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Otter Creek Bridge No. 2, Spanning Otter Creek at spur of Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Seven Mile Bridge, Spanning Gardner River at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER
  • Tower Creek Bridge, Spanning Tower Creek at Grand Loop Road, Yellowstone National Park, Park, WY at HAER

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