World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Great Horde

Article Id: WHEBN0002683992
Reproduction Date:

Title: Great Horde  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Expansion of Russia 1500–1800, Vasily I of Moscow, Mongol Empire, October 8, Tatars
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Great Horde

Great Horde

The Great Horde, also called the Big Horde, was the steppe remnant of the Golden Horde from about 1466 until 1502.

Dissolution of the Golden Horde

The peripheral regions of the Golden Horde broke off as follows: 1438: Kazan Khanate, 1441: Crimean Khanate, 1466: Astrakhan Khanate The remnant, which became known as the Great Horde, was left with the steppe between the Dnieper and Yaik, the capital Sarai and a claim to represent the tradition of the Golden Horde. By the 1470s the Nogais north of the Caspian were hostile to the Great Horde and, in the west, and Poland-Lithuania was expanding along the Dnieper.

In 1480 Muscovy and Crimea formed an alliance against the Great Horde which in turn allied with Kingdom of Poland under the Casimir IV Jagiellon. In 1480 the Great Horde's attempt to invade Muscovy failed. In 1480 Akhmat Khan was killed by the Nogais. He was succeeded by his son Shaikh Akhmat. After this, the Horde was weakened by conflicts among Akhmat's sons.

In the spring of 1491 the Crimean Khan suggested that Moscow send troops to finish off the Great Horde since he had ‘seized all the Horde's horses'. Moscow sent some Tatar and Russian cavalry and the Ottomans sent 2,000 Janissaries. By November part of the Horde had seceded and the remainder had been routed by the Nogais. By 1500 it was reported near the Kuban and in very bad shape after having been beaten by the Kabardinians. In 1501 Shaikh Akhmat Khan and 20,000 of his people moved north of the Don. Many of his people deserted.

In 1502 the Crimean Khan seized most of the Great Horde's people and herds and moved them to the Crimea (sometime before July 3 and somewhere near the Sula River). Shaikh Akhmat fled. He was next reported near Kazan with 4,000 horsemen negotiating with Muscovy. He then went to Astrakhan from which he was expelled by the Nogais (1504). He then moved to Kiev to deal with the Polish king and then to Akkerman to deal with the Ottomans. He was last reported as a Lithuanian prisoner at Vilna.

Other uses

The Nogais and Kazakhs also had divisions called Great Hordes.

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.