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Greek military ranks

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Title: Greek military ranks  
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Subject: Military of Greece, Royal Hellenic Air Force ranks, Major general, Stratarches, Government Council for Foreign Affairs and Defence
Collection: Military Ranks of Greece, Modern Greek Words and Phrases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Greek military ranks

Modern Greek military ranks are based on Ancient Greek & Byzantine terminology, even though the ranks correspond to those of other Western armies. For example, ancient hoplite unit of approximately 100 men, the lochos, is today the name for a company of soldiers; its commander, as in ancient times, is a lochagos, while his lieutenants are called ypolochagoi - literally, "sub-captains" - a modern neologism. A sergeant is known as a lochias. A tagmatarchis (major) commands a tagma (battalion) and so forth. Thus, every officer or non-commissioned officer is in the land and air forces is generally named after the type of unit he commands, with the suffix -agos (from agein, "to lead") or -archos / arches (from archein, "to rule").


  • Air Force 1
    • Officer ranks 1.1
    • NCO and Other Ranks 1.2
  • Army 2
    • Officer ranks 2.1
      • Branch-specific officer ranks 2.1.1
  • Navy 3
    • Officer ranks 3.1
  • See also 4
  • External links 5

Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force, is the youngest of the three services (founded in 1930). Its rank structure and insignia are based on the British Royal Air Force.

Officer ranks

Category Greek rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO Insignia
General Officers
Πτέραρχος Pterarchos Air Chief Marshal OF-9
Αντιπτέραρχος Antipterarchos Air Marshal OF-8
Υποπτέραρχος Ypopterarchos Air Vice-Marshal OF-7
Ταξίαρχος Αεροπορίας Taxiarchos Aeroporias Air Commodore OF-6
Senior Officers
Σμήναρχος Sminarchos Group Captain OF-5
Αντισμήναρχος Antisminarchos Wing Commander OF-4
Επισμηναγός Episminagos Squadron Leader OF-3
Junior Officers
Σμηναγός Sminagos Flight Lieutenant OF-2
Υποσμηναγός Yposminagos Flying Officer OF-1
Ανθυποσμηναγός Anthyposminagos Pilot Officer OF-1

NCO and Other Ranks

Category Greek rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO Insignia
Warrant Officers
Ανθυπασπιστής Anthypaspistis Officer cadet OR-9
Non-commissioned Officers
(Professional NCOs)
Αρχισμηνίας Archisminias Chief Warrant officer OR-7
Επισμηνίας Episminias Warrant officer OR-6
Σμηνίας Sminias Flight Sergeant OR-5
Υποσμηνίας Yposminias Flight Corporal OR-3
Σμηνίτης ΕΠΟΠ Sminitis EPOP Aircraftman Professional Hoplite OR-1
Other ranks
(draftee soldiers)
Κληρωτός Σμηνίας Klirotos Sminias Conscript Flight Sergeant OR-5
Σμηνίτης Sminitis Aircraftman OR-1


Officer ranks

Category Greek Rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO Insignia
General Officers
Στρατηγός Stratigos General OF-9
Αντιστράτηγος Antistratigos Lieutenant General OF-8
Υποστράτηγος Ypostratigos Major General OF-7
Ταξίαρχος Taxiarchos Brigadier OF-6
Field Grade Officers
Συνταγματάρχης Syntagmatarchis Colonel OF-5
Αντισυνταγματάρχης Antisyntagmatarchis Lieutenant Colonel OF-4
Ταγματάρχης Tagmatarchis Major OF-3
Company Grade Officers
Λοχαγός Lochagos Captain OF-2
Υπολοχαγός Ypolochagos Lieutenant OF-1
Ανθυπολοχαγός Anthypolochagos Second Lieutenant OF-1
Officer Designate
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός Dokimos Efedros Axiomatikos Officer Designate OF(D)

Branch-specific officer ranks

NATO English Equivalent Armour Corps Medical Corps Judicial Corps Veterinary Corps Pharmacists Corps Religious Corps Nursing Corps
OF-9 General Στρατηγός
OF-8 Lieutenant General Αντιστράτηγος
Αναθεωρητής Α'
OF-7 Major General Υποστράτηγος Υποστράτηγος Αναθεωρητής Β'
OF-6 Brigadier Ταξίαρχος Ταξίαρχος Αναθεωρητής Γ'
OF-5 Colonel Συνταγματάρχης Γενικός Αρχίατρος Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Α' Γενικός Αρχικτηνίατρος Γενικός Αρχιφαρμακοποιός Πρωθιερεύς Α'
OF-4 Lieutenant Colonel Αντισυνταγματάρχης Αρχίατρος Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Β' Αρχικτηνίατρος Αρχιφαρμακοποιός Πρωθιερεύς Β' Διευθύνουσα
OF-3 Major Επίλαρχος Επίατρος Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Γ' Επικτηνίατρος Επιφαρμακοποιός Πρωθιερεύς Γ' Γενική Προϊσταμένη
OF-2 Captain Ίλαρχος Ιατρός Βοηθός Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Α' Κτηνίατρος Φαρμακοποιός Ιερεύς Α' Προϊσταμένη
OF-1 Lieutenant Υπίλαρχος Υπίατρος Βοηθός Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Β' Υποκτηνίατρος Υποφαρμακοποιός Ιερεύς Β' Αντιπροϊσταμένη
OF-1 Second Lieutenant Ανθυπίλαρχος Ανθυπίατρος Βοηθός Δικαστικός Σύμβουλος Γ' Ανθυποκτηνίατρος Ανθυποφαρμακοποιός Ιερεύς Γ' Επιβλέπουσα


Officer ranks

Category Greek Rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO
Flag Officers
Ναύαρχος Navarchos Admiral OF-9
Αντιναύαρχος Antinavarchos Vice Admiral OF-8
Υποναύαρχος Yponavarchos Rear Admiral OF-7
Αρχιπλοίαρχος Archiploiarchos Commodore OF-6
Senior Officers
Πλοίαρχος Ploiarchos Captain OF-5
Αντιπλοίαρχος Antiploiarchos Commander OF-4
Πλωτάρχης Plotarchis Lieutenant Commander OF-3
Junior Officers
Υποπλοίαρχος Ypoploiarchos Lieutenant OF-2
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος Anthypoploiarchos Sub-Lieutenant OF-1
Σημαιοφόρος Simaioforos Ensign OF-1
Officer Designate
Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός Simaioforos Epikouros Axiomatikos Officer Designate OF(D)

See also

External links

  • Hellenic Airforce Ranks, Hellenic Air Force website
  • Διακριτικά Ελληνικού Στρατού (Hellenic Army Insignia), Hellenic Army website
  • Διακριτικά Βαθμών Προσωπικού ΠΝ (Hellenic Navy Personnel Rank Insignia), Hellenic Navy website

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