World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Hän language

Hän
Häɬ goɬan
Native to Canada, United States
Region Yukon, Alaska
Ethnicity Hän people
Native speakers
20  (1997–2007)[1]
Latin (Dené alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 haa
Glottolog hann1241[2]

The Hän language (Dawson, Han-Kutchin, Moosehide) is a Native American endangered language spoken in only two places: Eagle, Alaska and Dawson City, Yukon. There are only a few fluent speakers left (perhaps about 10), all of them elderly.

It is a member of the Athabaskan language family, which is part of the larger Na-Dené family. The name of the language is derived from the name of the people, "Hän Hwëch'in", which in the language means "people who live along the river", the river being the Yukon. There are currently efforts to revive the language locally.

Contents

  • Phonology 1
    • Consonants 1.1
    • Vowels 1.2
  • References 2
  • External links 3
  • Bibliography 4

Phonology

Consonants

The consonants of Hän in the standard orthography are listed below (with IPA notation in brackets):

Labial Inter-
dental
Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Retroflex Velar Glottal
central lateral
Nasal m [m] []
nh
[n]
n
Stop [p]
[pʰ]
b
(p)
[t]
[tʰ]
d
t
[k]
[kʰ]
g
k
[ʔ]
 
ʼ
 
[] t’ [] k’
mb [ᵐb] nd [ⁿd]
Affricate []
[tθʰ]
ddh
tth
[ts]
[tsʰ]
dz
ts
[]
[tɬʰ]
dl
tl
[]
[tʃʰ]
dj
ch
[ʈʂ]
[ʈʂʰ]
dr
tr
[tθʼ] tth’ [tsʼ] ts’ [tɬʼ] tl’ [tʃʼ] ch’ [ʈʂʼ] tr’
nj [ⁿdʒ]
Fricative [θ]
th
[ð]
dh
[s]
s
[z]
z
[ɬ]
ł
[ɮ]
l
[ʃ]
sh
[ʒ]
zh
[ʂ]
sr
[ʐ]
zr
[x]
kh
[ɣ]
gh
[h] h
Approximant l [l] []
yh
[j]
y
ɻ̥
rh
[ɻ]
r
[ʍ]
wh
[w]
w

Vowels

  • short
    • a [a]
    • ä [ɑ]
    • e [e]
    • ë [ə]
    • i [i]
    • o [o]
    • u [u]
  • long
    • aa [aː]
    • ää [ɑː]
    • ee [eː]
    • ëë [əː]
    • ii [iː]
    • oo [oː]
    • uu [uː]
  • diphthongs
    • aw [au]
    • ay [ai]
    • äw [ɑu]
    • ew [eu]
    • ey [ei]
    • iw [iu]
    • oy [oi]
  • nasal vowels are marked by an ogonek accent, e.g., ą
  • low tone is marked with a grave accent, e.g., à
  • rising tone is marked with a circumflex accent, e.g., â
  • falling tone is marked with a caron (or háček), e.g., ǎ
  • high tone is never marked, e.g., a

References

  1. ^ Hän at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hän". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links

  • Hän alphabet
  • Han (ANLC)

Bibliography

  • Alaska Native Language Center. Alaska Native Language Center (accessed July 24, 2005).
  • Mithun, Marianne. (1999). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.