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HIV/AIDS in the United Kingdom

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HIV/AIDS in the United Kingdom

In 2012, the prevalence of HIV in the United Kingdom was estimated at 98,400.[1] An estimated 6360 people were newly diagnosed during 2012, which is a slight increase from the 6220 newly diagnosed in 2011.

An estimated 21,900 people living with HIV were unaware of their infection in 2012 (22%), which is a slight decline from 2011 when it stood at 24%. Almost half (47%) of all people living with HIV in the UK are diagnosed late, meaning they have usually been living with the virus for over four years.[2] This can have a devastating effect on their long-term health and mean they have an 11-fold chance of dying in the first year after diagnosis.

The two groups most affected by HIV in the UK remain gay and bisexual men and black African heterosexuals – three-quarters of people diagnosed with HIV in 2012 were among these two groups. MSM (Men who have sex with Men) are the group most affected by HIV, with 1 in 20 living with the condition.

In 2012, less than 1% of people living with a diagnosed HIV infection in the UK died (cause of death is uncertain and may not be HIV-related). This is about the same as for the UK population as a whole. People newly diagnosed with HIV today can expect to have a normal life expectancy if they are diagnosed on time and on effective treatment.

Awareness campaigns

In 1987 the British Government launched "AIDS: Don't Die of Ignorance", a major public information campaign. A leaflet about AIDS was delivered to every household in the UK, which warned that it is impossible to tell who is infected with the virus.[3] National AIDS Trust launched a campaign challenging HIV stigma in March 2003.[4] In April 2013 HIV Prevention England started a two year campaign funded by the Department of Health communicating messages about HIV testing and condoms to Africans and MSM.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.nat.org.uk/HIV-Facts/Statistics/Latest-UK-Statistics.aspx#How-many-people-with-HIV-are-being-diagnosed-late
  2. ^ http://www.hpa.org.uk/Topics/InfectiousDiseases/InfectionsAZ/HIV/
  3. ^ Hildrew, Peter. "From the archive, 9 January 1987: TV and cinema Aids campaign launches". Retrieved 24 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Are you HIV prejudiced?". Retrieved 2014. 
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