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Haidong

 

Haidong

Haidong
海东市
Prefecture-level city
A street in Ping'an District
A street in Ping'an District
Location of Haidong Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Haidong Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Municipal seat Ledu District
Area
 • Total 12,810 km2 (4,950 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,396,846
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website .cn.gov.haidongwww (Chinese)

Haidong (Chinese: 海东; pinyin: Hǎidōng; Wylie: Haitung) is a prefecture-level city of Qinghai province in Western China. Its name literally means "east of the (Qinghai) Lake." On 8 February 2013 Haidong was upgraded from a prefecture (Chinese: 海东地区) into a prefecture-level city.[1] Haidong is the second largest city in Qinghai after Xining.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Administrative divisions 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5

Geography

Haidong is the easternmost division of Qinghai province. It is bounded by Xining, the provincial capital, to the West, the Datong River Valley to the north, Gansu to the east, and the Yellow River to the south. Mountain ranges tower above the district of which the main valley is the one of the Huang Shui (Tib. Tsong Chu), a major tributary of the Yellow River. This valley stretches from west to east and makes up - together with the area around Xining, the landscape which is called Tsongkha ("Onion Valley") by Tibetans. It has a total area of 13,100 square kilometres (5,100 sq mi)

Administrative divisions

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Ping'an District 平安区 Píng'ān Qū 102,975 750 137
2 Ledu District 乐都区 Lèdū Qū 260,185 2,821 92
3 Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County 民和回族
土族自治县
Mínhé Huízú Tǔzú
Zìzhìxiàn
350,118 1,780 197
4 Huzhu Tu Autonomous County 互助土族
自治县
Hùzhù Tǔzú
Zìzhìxiàn
356,437 3,321 107
5 Hualong Hui Autonomous County 化隆回族
自治县
Huàlóng Huízú
Zìzhìxiàn
203,317 2,740 74
6 Xunhua Salar Autonomous County 循化撒拉族
自治县
Xúnhuà Sǎlāzú
Zìzhìxiàn
123,814 1,749 70

Demographics

As of 2005, the total population of Haidong is approximately 1,480,000. It is the most densely populated area of Qinghai, with almost a third of the province's population (its surface makes up only two percent of Qinghai).

Further reading

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

References

  1. ^ "2013年县级以上行政区划变更情况". 行政区划网. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 

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