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Hammerskins

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Title: Hammerskins  
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Subject: White power skinhead, Rock Against Communism, National Renovator Party, Tom Metzger (white supremacist), Combat 18
Collection: 1988 Establishments in Texas, 1988 Establishments in the United States, Gangs in Australia, Gangs in Canada, Gangs in England, Gangs in France, Gangs in Germany, Gangs in Italy, Gangs in New Zealand, Gangs in Spain, Gangs in Sweden, Gangs in Texas, Gangs in the Netherlands, Gangs in the United States, Hate Crime, Modern Street Gangs, Neo-Nazi Musical Groups, Neo-Nazi Organizations in the United States, Organizations Established in 1988, White Nationalist Groups, White Supremacist Groups in the United States
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Hammerskins

Hammerskin Nation logo

The Hammerskins (also known as Hammerskin Nation) are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 in Dallas, Texas.[1] Their primary focus is the production and promotion of white power rock music,[2][3] and many white power bands have been affiliated with the group. The Hammerskins were affiliated with the record label 9% Productions. The Hammerskins host several annual concerts, including Hammerfest, an annual event in both the United States and Europe in honor of deceased Hammerskin Joe Rowan, the lead singer of the band Nordic Thunder.[1]

It was one of the most prominent American

  • Official website

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f "The Hammerskin Nation". Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Helbig, Felix (4 November 2012). "Europas Neonazis feiern sich selbst" (in German). Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Schmidt, W.; Speit, A. (11 January 2013). "Hetzjagd auf der Bühne" (in German). Die Tageszeitung. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Simi, Pete; Futrell, Robert (2010). American Swastika: Inside the White Power Movement's Hidden Spaces of Hate. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.  
  5. ^ "Chapters". Hammerskin Nation. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Yenko, Athena (8 October 2014). "Anti-Muslim, Anti-Asian, Islamophobic extremists, Anti-Jewish -- Australia Has All The Hate Gangs". International Business Times. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Reynolds, Michael (1999). "Hammerskin Nation Emerges from Small Dallas Group". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Atkins, Stephen E. (2011). Encyclopedia of Right-Wing Extremism In Modern American History. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. pp. 117–118.  
  9. ^ Kontos, Louis; Brotherton, David C. (2008). Encyclopedia of gangs. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 217–218.  
  10. ^ Holthouse, David (2006). "Motley Crews: With Decline of Hammerskins, Independent Skinhead Groups Grow". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Portugese leider rechtsradicale Hammerskins krijgt celstraf" (in Dutch). De Morgen. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c Leitsinger, Miranda (6 August 2012). "Experts: Alleged temple gunman Wade Michael Page led neo-Nazi band, had deep extremist ties". NBC News. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  13. ^ Beirich, Heidi; Potok, Mark (6 August 2012). "Alleged Sikh temple shooter former member of Skinhead band". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Hammerskin Forum at Crew38.com". Crew 38. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 

References

The Hammerskins Pink Floyd – The Wall. The portrayal of the fictional group in the film was intended to show Nazism negatively.[1] Their logo and motto Hammerskins Forever, Forever Hammerskins (HFFH) often appear in their paraphernalia and tattoos. Crew 38 and Hammerskins members also frequently identify themselves with the slogan "838", meaning "hail the crossed hammers" (the acronym HCH translates into the eighth, third and eighth letters of the alphabet).[14]

Symbolism and motto

[12] Many of its members have been convicted of

The Hammerskins emerged in the late 1980s from the Dallas based Confederate Hammerskins.[7] Its name is based on a scene in the 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall.[8] Power struggles have since split the group into several factions.[9] Many Outlaw Hammerskins members attended the 2002 NordicFest, and the group was to provide security for a white pride festival hosted by the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.[1] The Outlaw Hammerskins are now defunct.[10]

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Symbolism and motto 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The Hammerskins also have supporter chapters, known as Crew 38, in most of these countries, for those who do not seek membership but wish to show their appreciation. [6][5].Australia and New Zealand, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Germany, Italy, France, Canada with the Hammerskin Nation website boasting six chapters in the United States and chapters existing in [1]

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