World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000063564
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hematology  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kenneth Kaushansky, Clinical pathology, Medicine, Paul Ehrlich, Human body
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A chromophobe renal cell carcinoma viewed on a hematoxylin & eosin stained slide.
System Blood
Subdivisions Hematological oncology
Significant diseases Malaria, Thalassemia, Leukemia, Clotting disorders, Anemia
Significant tests Blood film, Coagulation tests, Bone marrow aspirate
Specialist Hematologist

Hematology, also spelled haematology or hæmatology (from the Greek αἷμα, haima "blood" and -λoγία), is the branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to the blood. Hematology includes the study of etiology. [1] It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and the mechanism of coagulation. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist. Hematologists also conduct studies in oncology—the medical treatment of cancer.

Physicians specialized in hematology are known as hematologists or haematologists. Their routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results and blood clotting test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory. Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists. Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology.[2] Hematologists may specialize further or have special interests, for example, in:


(abnormality of the hemoglobin molecule or of the rate of hemoglobin synthesis)


Treatments include:


Names Medical Specialist
Occupation type
Activity sectors
Education required

Alphabetical lists


  1. ^ "Hematology". 
  2. ^ "Haematology". 

External links

  • American Society of Hematology
  • Major milestones in history of hematology (PDF)
  • Multilingual index
  • American Journal of Hematology / Oncology
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.