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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

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Title: Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne  
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Subject: Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), William Vernon Harcourt (politician), Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Arthur Henderson, Michael Howard
Collection: 1780 Births, 1863 Deaths, Alumni of the University of Edinburgh, Alumni of Trinity College, Cambridge, British Secretaries of State, Chancellors of the Exchequer of Great Britain, Children of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Fellows of the Royal Society, Knights of the Garter, Lord Presidents of the Council, Lord-Lieutenants of Wiltshire, Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain, Members of Parliament for the University of Cambridge, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Constituencies in Cornwall, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the University of Cambridge, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for University Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Petty-Fitzmaurice Family, Presidents of the Royal Statistical Society, Presidents of the Zoological Society of London, Rectors of the University of Glasgow, Uk Mps 1802–06, Uk Mps 1806–07, Uk Mps 1807–12, Whig (British Political Party) Mps
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Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Lansdowne
DCL FRS KG PC
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
5 February 1806 – 26 March 1807
Monarch George III
Preceded by Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Succeeded by Hon. Spencer Perceval
Home Secretary
In office
16 July 1827 – 22 January 1828
Monarch George IV
Preceded by William Sturges Bourne
Succeeded by Robert Peel
Lord President of the Council
In office
22 November 1830 – 14 November 1834
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Earl Grey
The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by The Earl Bathurst
Succeeded by The Earl of Rosslyn
In office
23 April 1835 – 3 September 1841
Monarch William IV
Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by The Earl of Rosslyn
Succeeded by The Lord Wharncliffe
In office
6 July 1846 – 27 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded by The Duke of Buccleuch
Succeeded by The Earl of Lonsdale
Personal details
Born (1780-07-02)2 July 1780
Lansdowne House, Mayfair, Middlesex, England
Died 31 January 1863(1863-01-31) (aged 82)
Bowood House, Derry Hill, Wiltshire, England
Political party British Whig Party
Spouse(s) Lady Louisa Fox-Strangway
(1785–1851)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne KG, PC, FRS (2 July 1780 – 31 January 1863), known as Lord Henry Petty from 1784 to 1809, was a British statesman. In a ministerial career spanning nearly half a century he notably served as Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer and was three times Lord President of the Council.

Contents

  • Background and education 1
  • Political career 2
  • Other public appointments 3
  • Family 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Background and education

Lansdowne was the son of Prime Minister William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (better known as the Earl of Shelburne) by his second marriage to Lady Louisa, daughter of John FitzPatrick, 1st Earl of Upper Ossory. He was educated at Westminster School, the University of Edinburgh, and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career

He entered the Canning in May 1827 and was Secretary of State for the Home Department from July of that year until January 1828.

He was Lord Aberdeen and of Lord Palmerston, but without office. In 1857 he refused the offer of a dukedom, and he died on 31 January 1863. Lansdowne's social influence and political moderation made him one of the most powerful Whig statesmen of the time; he was frequently consulted by Queen Victoria on matters of moment, and his long official experience made his counsel invaluable to his party.

Other public appointments

Lansdowne chaired the inaugural meeting of the London Statistical Society, and was its first president (1834–1836). He later served a second term (1842–1844). (See The Times 15 and 17 March 1834, and John Bibby (1987) HOTS: History of Teaching Statistics.)

Family

Lord Lansdowne married Lady Louisa, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Ilchester, in 1808. She died in April 1851, aged 65. Lord Lansdowne died in January 1863, aged 82. His eldest son, the Earl of Kerry, had predeceased him and he was succeeded in the marquessate by his eldest surviving son Henry. The latter was the father of Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, who also became a distinguished statesman.

References

  1. ^

External links

In A Great Stream from a Petty-Fountain (1806), James Gillray caricatured the budget of Petty, then the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, as a stream from which his fellow Whigs fed. Petty is the fountainhead at the upper right.
  • Archival material relating to Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne listed at the UK National Archives
  • Obituary in Illustrated London News, 14 February 1863.
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Lansdowne
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Joseph Jekyll
Sir Francis Baring, Bt
Member of Parliament for Calne
18021806
With: Joseph Jekyll
Succeeded by
Joseph Jekyll
Osborne Markham
Preceded by
William Pitt the Younger
Earl of Euston
Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
18061807
With: Earl of Euston
Succeeded by
Earl of Euston
Sir Vicary Gibbs
Preceded by
Robert Adair
Viscount Maitland
Member of Parliament for Camelford
1807–1809
With: Robert Adair
Succeeded by
Robert Adair
Henry Brougham
Political offices
Preceded by
William Pitt the Younger
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1806–1807
Succeeded by
Spencer Perceval
Preceded by
William Sturges Bourne
Home Secretary
1827–1828
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by
The Earl Bathurst
Lord President of the Council
1830–1834
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rosslyn
Preceded by
The Earl of Rosslyn
Lord President of the Council
1835–1841
Succeeded by
The Lord Wharncliffe
Preceded by
The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry
Lord President of the Council
1846–1852
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lonsdale
Preceded by
The Duke of Wellington
Leader of the House of Lords
1846–1852
Succeeded by
The Earl of Derby
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Melbourne
Leader of the Whigs in the House of Lords
1842–1855
Succeeded by
The Earl Granville
Preceded by
The Viscount Melbourne
Leader of the British Whig Party
1842 – 1846 – with Lord John Russell
Succeeded by
Lord John Russell
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Petty
Marquess of Lansdowne
1809–1863
Succeeded by
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
Earl Wycombe
1809–1863
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Francis Thomas-Fitzmaurice
Earl of Kerry
1818–1863
Succeeded by
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
Academic offices
Preceded by
Thomas Campbell
Rector of the University of Glasgow
1829–1831
Succeeded by
Henry Thomas Cockburn
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire
1827–1863
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Ailesbury
Preceded by
The Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Senior Privy Counsellor
1851–1863
Succeeded by
The Viscount Palmerston
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