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Hisham III of Córdoba

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Title: Hisham III of Córdoba  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Yahya ibn Ali ibn Hammud al-Mu'tali, List of Caliphs, Umayyads, Caliphs, Abd ar-Rahman IV
Collection: 1036 Deaths, 11Th-Century Caliphs of Córdoba, Umayyad Caliphs of Córdoba, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hisham III of Córdoba

Hisham III (Arabic: هشام الثالث in full المعتد بالله” هشام بن محمد‎) was the last Umayyad ruler in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) (1026–1031), and the last person to hold the title Caliph of Córdoba.

Hisham III, the brother of Abd ar-Rahman IV, was chosen as Caliph after long negotiations between the governors of the border regions and the people of Córdoba. He could not enter Córdoba until 1029 as the city was occupied by the Berber armies of the Hammudids.

Although he tried to consolidate the Caliphate, the raising of taxes (to pay for mosques amongst other things) led to heavy opposition from the Muslim clerics. After the murder of his Visir al-Hakam by a conspiracy of Cordoban Patricians, Hisham was imprisoned. He managed to escape, but died in exile in 1036 in Lleida.

After the Caliphate fell with the overthrow of Hisham III in 1031, the Caliphate's land holdings—already much diminished from its height

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