World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

History and philosophy of science

Article Id: WHEBN0001802769
Reproduction Date:

Title: History and philosophy of science  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Philosophy of science, History of science, Tim Lewens, List of colleges and universities with history of science programs, Adolf Grünbaum
Collection: History of Science, Philosophy of Science
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

History and philosophy of science

The history and philosophy of science (HPS) is an academic discipline that encompasses the philosophy of science and the history of science. Although many scholars in the field are trained primarily as either historians or as philosophers, there are degree-granting departments of HPS at several prominent universities (see below).

Contents

  • A Unified Discipline 1
  • HPS University Departments, Interdisciplinary Programs, and Divisions 2
    • Australia 2.1
    • Austria 2.2
    • Canada 2.3
    • China 2.4
    • Czech Republic 2.5
    • Denmark 2.6
    • France 2.7
    • Germany 2.8
    • Greece 2.9
    • Hungary 2.10
    • Iran 2.11
    • Israel 2.12
    • Italy 2.13
    • Japan 2.14
    • Korea 2.15
    • Malaysia 2.16
    • Mexico 2.17
    • Netherlands 2.18
    • Portugal 2.19
    • Switzerland 2.20
    • United Kingdom 2.21
    • United States 2.22
  • See also 3
  • References 4

A Unified Discipline

The organization &HPS (Integrated History and Philosophy of Science) has set forth a program for a unified discipline: "Good history and philosophy of science is not just history of science into which some philosophy of science may enter, or philosophy of science into which some history of science may enter. It is work that is both historical and philosophical at the same time. The founding insight of the modern discipline of HPS is that history and philosophy have a special affinity and one can effectively advance both simultaneously".[1]

One origin of the unified discipline is the historical approach to the discipline of the philosophy of science. This hybrid approach is reflected in the career of Thomas Kuhn. His first permanent appointment, at the University of California, Berkeley,[2] was to a position advertised by the philosophy department, but he also taught courses from the history department. When he was promoted to full professor in the history department only, Kuhn was offended at the philosophers' rejection because "I sure as hell wanted to be there, and it was my philosophy students who were working with me, not on philosophy but on history, were nevertheless my more important students".[3] This attitude is also reflected in his historicist approach, as outlined in Kuhn's seminal Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962, 2nd ed. 1970), wherein philosophical questions about scientific theories and, especially, theory change are understood in historical terms, employing concepts such as paradigm shift.

However, Kuhn was also critical of attempts fully to unify the methods of history and philosophy of science: "Subversion is not, I think, too strong a term for the likely result of an attempt to make the two fields into one. They differ in a number of their central constitutive characteristics, of which the most general and apparent is their goals. The final product of most historical research is a narrative, a story, about particulars of the past. [...] The philosopher, on the other hand, aims principally at explicit generalizations and at those with universal scope. He is no teller of stories, true or false. His goal is to discover and state what is true at all times and places rather than to impart understanding of what occurred at a particular time and place."[4] More recent work questions whether these methodological and conceptual divisions are in fact barriers to a unified discipline.[5]

"History of science without philosophy of science is blind ... philosophy of science without history of science is empty"

HPS University Departments, Interdisciplinary Programs, and Divisions

Australia

  • University of Melbourne
  • University of New South Wales
  • University of Sydney
  • University of Wollongong (Science, Technology, and Society)

Austria

  • University of Vienna

Canada

  • McGill University
  • University of Alberta (Science, Technology, and Society)
  • University of Toronto
  • York University (Science & Technology Studies)

China

  • Peking University
  • Renmin University of China (Philosophy of Science and Technology)
  • Shanxi University (Philosophy of Science and Technology)

Czech Republic

  • Charles University

Denmark

University of Aarhus (History of Science)

France

  • SPHERE, CNRS, Paris
  • University of Paris VII: Diderot

Germany

  • Münchner Zentrum für Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte (History of Science and Technology)
  • Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und Technik, Univ. Stuttgart (History of Science and Technology)

Greece

  • University of Athens

Hungary

  • Eötvös Loránd University

Budapest University of Technology and Economics

Iran

  • Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
  • sharif University , Philosophy of Science Department

Israel

  • Hebrew University
  • Tel Aviv University

Italy

  • Sapienza University of Rome [1]

Japan

  • Hokkaido University (Natural History Sciences)
  • University of Kyoto
  • University of Tokyo

Korea

  • Chonbuk National University (Science Studies)
  • KAIST (Science and Technology Policy)
  • Korea University (Science and Technology Studies)
  • Seoul National University

Malaysia

  • University of Malaya

Mexico

  • Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Netherlands

  • University of Twente (Philosophy of Science, Technology and Society)
  • University of Utrecht

Portugal

  • New University of Lisbon
  • University of Coimbra
  • University of Lisbon

Switzerland

  • ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
  • University of Bern

United Kingdom

  • London School of Economics (Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bristol
  • University College London
  • University of Leeds
  • University of Cambridge

United States

  • Arizona State University, Human and Social Dimensions of Science and Technology
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Case Western Reserve University
  • Duke University
  • Florida State University
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Harvard University (History of Science)
  • Indiana University
  • Johns Hopkins University (History of Science, Technology, and Medicine)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Michigan State University
  • Northwestern University (Science in Human Culture)
  • Princeton University (History of Science)
  • Stanford University
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • University of California, Irvine (Logic and Philosophy of Science)
  • University of California, San Diego (Science Studies)
  • University of Chicago
  • University of Notre Dame
  • University of Pennsylvania (History and Sociology of Science)
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • University of Texas
  • University of Washington
  • Western Michigan University
  • Yale University (History of Science and Medicine)

See also

References

  1. ^ "About &HPS," http://www3.nd.edu/~andhps/about.html
  2. ^ "A Discussion with Thomas S. Kuhn" in The Road Since Structure, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000, p. 302.
  3. ^ "A Discussion with Thomas S. Kuhn," p. 302.
  4. ^ "The Relations Between the History and the Philosophy of Science," pp. 3-20 in The Essential Tension, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.
  5. ^ Lydia Patton, Philosophy, Science, and History, pp. 27-33, New York: Routledge 2014, http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415898317/.
  6. ^ A recasting of Kant's quotation: "Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind." Norwood Russell Hanson, "The Irrelevance of History of Science to Philosophy of Science", The Journal of Philosophy, 59 (1962): 574-586, at p. 580.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.