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Hodï language

Region central Venezuela
Native speakers
640  (2007)[1]
possibly Piaroa–Saliban
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yau
Glottolog yuwa1244[2]

The Hodï (Jotí, Hoti) language, also known as Yuwana (Yoana), Waruwaru, or Chikano (Chicano), is a small unclassified language of Venezuela. Almost nothing is known of it; its several hundred speakers are monolingual hunter-gatherers.

Limited by poor data, Henley, Mattéi-Müller and Reid (1996) argue that it may be related to the Nadahup languages. However, the only linguist to speak Hodi and Piaroa, Stanford Zent, has collected more reliable data and argues that it is "probably" related to the Piaroa–Saliban languages.[3]


The first phonological analysis is Vilera (1985).[4]

oral nasal
front central back front central back
close i ɨ u ĩ ɨ̃ ũ
mid e ɘ o ɘ̃ õ
open a ã
labial alveolar palatal velar labiovelar glotal
plain asp. plain asp. plain asp. plain asp. plain asp. plain asp.
voiceless stops t ʰt ç ʰç k ʰk ʰkʷ ʔ
voiced stops b ʰb d ʰd ɟ ʰɟ
fricatives h
flaps ɾ ʰɾ
approximants w ʰw j ʰj

The voiced stops are realized as nasals [m n ɲ] between nasal vowels.

External links

  • Alain Fabre 2005. Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: HOTI


  1. ^ Hodï at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hodï". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Zent S & E Zent. 2008. Los Hoti, in Aborigenes de Venezuela, vol. 2, second edition [1]
  4. ^ Vilera Díaz, Diana C. 1985. "Introducción morfológica de la lengua Hoti". Thesis in Anthropology. Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.

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