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Hudson Park and Boulevard

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Hudson Park and Boulevard

Hudson Park and Boulevard
Hudson Park, between 34th Street and 35th Street
Other name(s) Hudson Park, Hudson Boulevard
Maintained by New York City Department of Transportation
Length 1,200 ft (400 m)
Location Manhattan, New York City
Postal code 10001, 10018
North end 36th Street (phase 1)
39th Street (phase 2a)
42nd Street (phase 2b)
South end 33rd Street
East Tenth Avenue
West Eleventh Avenue
Construction
Commissioned 2014
Construction start 2007
Completion Late 2014 (33rd-36th Streets)

Hudson Park and Boulevard is a greenway and boulevard in Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan in New York City, being built as part of the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project. It lies between 10th and 11th Avenues. When complete, it will be 4-acre-long (1.6 ha), six-block-long north-south, and run between 33rd and 42nd Streets. The boulevard will be in the center of the park when complete. Construction will be in two phases; the first phase, located between 33rd and 36th Streets, was under construction from 2012 to August 2015. The second phase, itself divided into two parts (with part A between 36th and 39th Streets, and part B between 39th and 42nd Streets), has no timeline.

The total cost of the project is more than $30 million.

History

MTA depiction of the 33rd-34th Streets block of the park and boulevard, with subway entrance and buildings included

In January 2005, the New York City Council approved the rezoning of about 60 blocks from 28th to 43rd Streets, creating the neighborhood of Hudson Yards;[1] the need for a park in the area was seen when Hudson Yards was being planned.[2]

The park and boulevard was developed concurrently with the New York City Subway's 7 Subway Extension to 34th Street. The park contains the two entrances to the 34th Street station.[3] The first entrance is located between 33rd and 34th Streets,[3] and a second entrance is between 34th and 35th Streets, in the park.[4]

Phase one of the park's layout, led by Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates,[5] was finished in January 2012.[6] Construction began in January 2012.[7] Since the boulevard is brand-new, it will conform to New York City Department of Transportation standards set in 2012. A traffic signal will be installed at 34th Street to facilitate pedestrian flow through the park.[8]

A business improvement district for the park, started in early 2014,[9] is being led by Robert J. Benfatto Jr., of Manhattan Community Board 4. The BID has a $1.2 million budget in its first year, which will go up to $3 million in subsequent years. Its budget would be used for hiring artists to put artwork in the area and for hiring a maintenance group to maintain the space's greenery.[2]

As of August 14, 2014, the section of the park between 33rd and 34th Streets is completed, and was to open at the end of 2014.[10][11][12] However, the section between 34th and 36th Streets was delayed to August 2015, while the 33rd to 34th Streets section was not to open until the 34th Street station opened on September 13, 2015.[13]

Description

Phase 1 of the park, which was opened in July 2015
Fountains in the park

The boulevard is to be split into two, with a Hudson Boulevard East and a Hudson Boulevard West. The park is to serve as a median.[14] The boulevard will start from a dead end/restricted driveway (extending from 31st Street westbound) at 33rd Street and be one-way northbound to 35th Street, with the park to the west of the roadway. North of 35th Street, a southbound roadway will form and the park will be between the two roadways up to 39th Street (although the western roadway ends at 38th Street, the eastern roadway and the park go up to 39th Street), where the boulevard will end. Then, a High Line-style promenade above the Lincoln Tunnel entrance will be constructed in the second phase to connect the greenway to 42nd Street.[10][15] The boulevard's southern end will be integrated with the Hudson Yards Public Square, an L-shaped public square that is intended to be Hudson Yards' centerpiece.[16]

The first phase of the park and boulevard has lawns, sports fields, a fountain, a café, parking spaces underground, wooden benches with different designs, and a playground. Three fountains at 35th and 36th Street are able to detect high wind speeds and shut off during high winds. A 50-foot-high pole designed by James Carpenter between 35th and 36th Streets was built as a café location.[10] Additionally, the Amtrak Empire Connection will run underneath the park.[17] The park will be owned by the city.[18] It, along with the High Line, Hudson Yards public square, and Hudson River Park, will create a pedestrian-friendly greenway. The first phase and part of the second phase of Hudson Boulevard West is already completed.[10]

The boulevard is bordered on the west and east between 33rd and 34th Streets by the future locations of 55 Hudson Yards and 50 Hudson Yards, respectively.[19] Currently, the 55 Hudson Yards space is occupied by a subway ventilation building, with a facade containing a U.S. flag pattern on the side of the building facing the park and boulevard.[10] On April 30, 2014, Tishman Speyer said in a press release that it had purchased land between the Hudson Park & Boulevard and Tenth Avenue, between 34th and 35th Streets; which will be razed[20][21] to make way for a "Hudson Spire", to be the tallest building in America with a potential height of over 1,800 feet (549 m) and 108 stories.[22]

Although the boulevard is six blocks long, the 30-foot-wide (9.1 m) park[16] extends as a non-vehicular greenway north to 42nd Street via a pedestrian bridge, and through the Hudson Yards development south to 30th Street and connecting with the High Line.[17]

One side of the park is to be commercial and the other side residential.[2]

It is expected that Galvin Avenue, a one-block Lincoln Tunnel approach on the boulevard's route, would be incorporated into the boulevard.[23]

Notable sites along the boulevard

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Streetscape Manual
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b c d e
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b
  17. ^ a b
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^

External links

  • Hudson Yards New York page
  • Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project
  • Map of the planned boulevard and park
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