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Huia (plant)

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Huia (plant)

Huia
Temporal range: Early Devonian
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Scientific classification
Species
  • † H. recurvata B.Y.Geng[1]
  • † H. gracilis De M.Wang & S.G.Hao[2]

Huia is a genus of extinct vascular plants of the Early Devonian (Pragian or Siegenian, around ). The genus was first described in 1985 based on fossil specimens from the Posongchong Formation, Wenshan district, Yunnan, China.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Phylogeny 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Description

The vascular tissue contained G-type tracheids. It was initially provisionally assigned to the "rhyniophytes".[1] However, this group is defined as having terminal sporangia, whereas those of Huia are lateral, suggesting affinity with the zosterophylls.[3]

A second species, H. gracilis, was described from the Xujiachong Formation (Pragian–early Emsian), Qujing district, Yunnan, China. It differs from H. recurvata in its more slender morphology and its lack of pseudomonopodial branching. The adaxial sporangia, which were oval or elongated oval in shape, split (dehisced) along their length at right angles to the stem. It is suggested that Huia may have originated from early Cooksonia-like plants.[2] Others suggest that its position is uncertain.[4]

Phylogeny

A cladogram published in 2004 by Crane et al. places Huia in a paraphyletic stem group of broadly defined "zosterophylls", basal to the lycopsids (living and extinct clubmosses and relatives).[3]


References

  1. ^ a b Geng, Bao-Yin (1985), — A New Plant from Lower Devonian of Southeastern Yunnan China"Huia recurvata", Acta Botanica Sinica (in Chinese, with English abstract) 27 (4): 419–426 
  2. ^ a b Wang, D.-M. & Hao, S.-G. (2001), "A new species of vascular plants from the Xujiachong Formation (Lower Devonian) of Yunnan Province, China", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 114 (3–4): 157–174,  
  3. ^ a b Crane, P. R.; Herendeen, P.; Friis, E. M. (2004), "Fossils and plant phylogeny", American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1683–1699,  
  4. ^ Taylor, T. N.; Taylor, E. L. & Krings, M. (2009), Paleobotany, The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants (2nd ed.), Amsterdam; Boston: Academic Press,  , p. 249

External links

  • Cladogram from Crane, Herendeen & Friis 2004
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