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Hyde Park, Los Angeles

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Hyde Park, Los Angeles

Hyde Park is a neighborhood and district in Los Angeles, California.

The Hyde Park neighborhood of the city of Los Angeles, as drawn by the Los Angeles Times

Geography

Hyde Park touches Leimert Park on the north, the Exposition Park neighborhood, Vermont Square and Manchester Square on the east, Inglewood on the south and west and View Park-Windsor Hills on the northwest.[1] It is bounded by West Vernon Avenue on the north, South Van Ness Avenue on the east and the Los Angeles city boundary on the south and west.[2][3]

No parks or recreation centers exist in the Hyde Park neighborhood.[3]

Adjacent neighborhoods

Relation of Hyde Park to other communities:[1]

History

Hyde Park is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city of Los Angeles. It was "laid out as a town" in 1887[4] as a stop on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway's Harbor Subdivision, which ran from Downtown Los Angeles to the port at Wilmington in a westward loop.

It was incorporated as a city in 1922 and had its own government. However, on May 17, 1923, its 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) was consolidated with the larger city of LA after a favorable vote by Hyde Park residents. The city of Hyde Park was bordered by 60th Street on the north, Van Ness Avenue on the east, and the city of Inglewood on the south and west.[5]

Hyde Park grew slowly until the 1920s, during which time developers erected thousands of single-family houses and duplexes along its streets (many of which were replaced by apartment buildings in the 1950s and 1960s). Later, it became a predominantly African-American area, which it has remained into the 21st century.

Population

A total of 36,635 people lived in the neighborhood's 2.88 square miles, according to the 2000 U.S. census—averaging 12,700 people per square mile, about the same as the population density in the city as a whole. The median age was 31, also about the same as the rest of the city.[2]

Within the neighborhood, African American made up 66% of the population, with Latinos at 27.3%, White 2%; Asian 1.1% and other 3.6%. Mexico and El Salvador were the most common places of birth for the 19.5% of the residents who were born abroad, considered a low percentage of foreign-born when compared with the city or county as a whole.[2]

The median household income in 2008 dollars was $39,460, considered average for both the city and county. The percentage of households earning $20,000 or less was high, compared to the county at large. The average household size of 2.8 people was also average. Renters occupied 53.3% of the housing units, and homeowners occupied the rest.[2]

In 2000, there were 2,474 families headed by single parents, or 28.5%, a rate that was high for the county and the city. There were 2,237 veterans, or 8% of the population, considered high when compared with the city overall.[2]

  • These are the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of black residents:[6]
  1. View Park-Windsor Hills, California, 86.5%
  2. Gramercy Park, Los Angeles, 86.4%
  3. Leimert Park, Los Angeles, 79.6%
  4. Manchester Square, Los Angeles, 78.6%
  5. Baldwin Hills/Crenshaw, Los Angeles, 71.3%
  6. Ladera Heights, California, 71%
  7. Hyde Park, Los Angeles, 66%
  8. Chesterfield Square, Los Angeles, 58.6%
  9. West Compton, California, 57.6%
  10. Westmont, California, 57.5%


Education

Hyde Park residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 12.2% of the population in 2000, considered low when compared with the city and the county as a whole, but the percentages of residents aged 25 and older with a high school diploma and some college education was high for the county.[2]

Schools within the Hyde Park boundaries are:[3][7]

  • Crenshaw Senior High School, LAUSD, 5010 11th Ave
  • Alliance William and Carol Ouchi Academy High, LAUSD charter, 5356 South Fifth Avenue
  • View Park Preparatory Accelerated High, LAUSD charter, 5701 South Crenshaw Boulevard
  • Crenshaw Arts-Technology Charter High, LAUSD, 4120 11th Avenue
  • Whitney Young Continuation, LAUSD, 3051 West 52nd Street
  • Golden Day Schools, private K-12, 4508 Crenshaw Boulevard
  • KIPP Academy of Opportunity, LAUSD charter middle, 7019 South Van Ness Avenue
  • Today's Fresh Start Charter, LAUSD, 4514 Crenshaw Boulevard
  • Angeles Mesa Elementary, LAUSD, 2611 West 52nd Street
  • View Park Preparatory Accelerated Charter Middle, LAUSD, 5749 South Crenshaw Boulevard
  • Marcus Garvey Elementary, private, 5760 Sixth Avenue
  • Fifty-Ninth Street Elementary, LAUSD, 5939 Second Avenue
  • YES Academy, LAUSD elementary, 3140 Hyde Park Boulevard
  • Alliance Renee and Meyer Luskin Academy High School, 2941 70th Street

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "South L.A.", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Hyde Park", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  3. ^ a b c The Thomas Guide, 2006, pp. 673 and 703.
  4. ^ Pitt, Leonard; Pitt, Dale (1997). Los Angeles A to Z. p. 216.  
  5. ^ Annexation and Detachment Map, City of Los Angeles, partial copyright by Thomas Brothers Maps, 2004.
  6. ^ "Black", Mapping L.A. at Los Angeles Times
  7. ^ "Hyde Park Schools", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times

External links

  • Hyde Park crime map and statistics, Los Angeles Times
  • Hyde Park Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library
  • Morningside Park Chronicle, a community newspaper based in Morningside Park that also covers the Hyde Park area

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