World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

IPA chart for English dialects

Article Id: WHEBN0029086365
Reproduction Date:

Title: IPA chart for English dialects  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Australian English, English orthography, International Phonetic Alphabet, Regional accents of English, Holborn, English phonology, Pronunciation respelling for English, English language, Singlish
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

IPA chart for English dialects

"IPA for English" redirects here. For the help page regarding IPA for English on World Heritage Encyclopedia pages, see Help:IPA for English.

This concise chart shows the most common applications of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent English language pronunciations.

See Pronunciation respelling for English for phonetic transcriptions used in different dictionaries.

Chart

This chart gives a partial system of diaphonemes for English. The symbols for the diaphonemes are given in bold, followed by their most common phonetic values. For the vowels, a separate phonetic value is given for each major dialect, and words used to name corresponding lexical sets are also given. The diaphonemes and lexical sets given here are based on RP and General American; they are not sufficient to express all of the distinctions found in other dialects, such as Australian English.

Dia-
phoneme
[1]
Phones Examples
IPA: English Consonants
p , pen, spin, tip
b but, web
t , , , [2] two, sting, bet
d , [3] do, odd
t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ,    chair, nature, teach
d͡ʒ gin, joy, edge
k , cat, kill, skin, queen, unique, thick
ɡ go, get, beg
f fool, enough, leaf, off, photo
v voice, have, of
θ , [4] thing, teeth
ð , [5] this, breathe, father
s see, city, pass
z zoo, rose
ʃ she, sure, session, emotion, leash
ʒ pleasure, beige, equation, seizure
x loch (Scottish),[6] ugh [7]
h , ,[8] [9] ham
m , [10] man, ham
n no, tin
ŋ ringer, sing,[11] finger, drink
l , ,[12] [13] , , [14] left, bell
r , , ,[15] , [16] run, very
w we, queen
j yes, nyala
hw , [17] what
 
IPA: Marginal consonants
ʔ uh-oh
 
IPA: Reduced vowels[18]
ə Reduced /ʌ, æ, ɑː, ɒ/
ɪ̈ (ɪ, ə) Reduced /ɪ, iː, ɛ, eɪ, aɪ/
ʊ̈ (ʊ, ə) Reduced /ʊ, uː/
ɵ (ə) Reduced /oʊ/
ɚ (ə) Reduced /ɜr, ɑr, ɔr/
IPA: English vowels and diphthongs
Dia-
phoneme
[1]
AuE[19]
Australia
CaE
Canada
GA[20][21][22]
United States
InE[23]
India
IrE[24]
Republic of Ireland
NZE[22][25]
New Zealand
RP[26][27]
United Kingdom
ScE[28]
Scotland
SAE[29][30]
South Africa
SSE
Singapore
WaE[31]
Wales
Keyword Examples
æ ,
[32]
~ ~~ ~~ [33] lad, bad, cat[34]
ɑː or æ ~~
~
[35] pass, path, sample
ɑː ~ ~ father
~ ~ not, wasp
~~[36] ~,
~
off, loss, cloth, long, dog, chocolate[37]
ɔː ~ law, caught, all, halt, talk
ə about
ɨ spotted
ɪ ~, [38] , sit
i ~ ɪj , city
ɪi̯ ɘi̯ ɪj see
meat
æɪ̯ eɪ̯~ æe̯ ɛɪ̯ eɪ̯~ɛɪ̯~
æɪ̯~äɪ̯~
ʌɪ̯
[39] date
ei day, pain, whey, rein
ɛ ~ ~~ , [40] bed[41]
ɜr ɵː(ɹ)~
ɘː(ɹ)
~ɹ̩ ɜː(ɾ)~äɾ ɔɹ~ʊɹ[42] ɵː(ɹ)~
ø̞̈ː(ɹ)~
œ̈ː(ɹ)
əː(ɹ)~
ɜː(ɹ)
ʌɾ[42] ø̈ː(ɹ)~
ø̞̈ː(ɹ)~
əː(ɹ)
ə(ɹ) ɜː(ɾ) burn
ɛɹ[42] ɛɾ[42] herd, earth
ɪɹ[42] ɪɾ[42] bird
ər ə(ɹ) ~ɹ̩ ə(ɾ) ~ɹ̩ ɘ(ɹ) ə(ɹ) əɾ ə(ɹ) ə(ɾ) winner[43]
Dia-
phoneme
[1]
AuE
Australia
CaE
Canada
GA
United States
InE
India
IrE
Republic of Ireland
NZE
New Zealand
RP
United Kingdom
ScE
Scotland
SAE
South Africa
SSE
Singapore
WaE
Wales
Keyword Examples
ʌ ~ , ~ ~ , ~ run, won, flood
ʊ ~ ɵ ~ put
hood
ɵu̯ ~~
through, you
ɪu[44] threw, yew
juː jʉː (j)u̟ juː juː jʉː ju̟ː~jʉː ju̟ː~jʉː~
jyː
ju cute, dew, ewe
ɑe̯~ɑɪ̯ äɪ̯, ʌi̯[45] äɪ̯ ɔɪ̯ ɐe̯ ɑɪ̯ əi̯~ae̯ äɪ̯~~
ɑɪ̯~
ai̯, ɑ[46] ai̯ my, wise, high

flight, mice

ɔɪ oɪ̯ ɔɪ̯ ɔɪ̯~oɪ̯ ɒɪ̯ ɒɪ̯~oɪ̯ oe̯ oɪ̯ oi̯ ɔɪ̯~ɒɪ̯ ɔi̯ ɒi̯ boy, hoist
əʉ̯~ɐʉ̯ oʊ̯~ ɑʉ̯ əʊ̯ ɛʊ̯~œʊ̯~
œʉ̯~œɤ̯̈~
œː~ʌʊ̯
[39] no, toe, soap
ou̯ tow, folk
ɔʊ̯ ~oə̯~oʊ̯ ɔʊ̯ əʊ̯~ɒʊ̯~ɔʊ̯ soul, roll, cold
æɔ̯~æʊ̯ äʊ̯, ʌu̯[45] äʊ̯~æʊ̯ äʊ̯ æu̯~ɛu̯ æɔ̯ au̯ ɘʉ̯ äʊ̯~~
æʊ̯
au̯ now, trout
ɑr äː(ɹ) ɑɹ äː(ɾ) aːɹ~

äːɹ

ɐː(ɹ) ɑː(ɹ) ɐ̟ɾ äː(ɹ)~ɑː(ɹ)~
ɒː(ɹ)~ɔː(ɹ)
ɑ(ɹ) aː(ɾ) arm, car
ɪər ɪː(ɹ)~
ɪː.ä(ɹ)
ɪɹ ~
iə̯ɹ
ɪə̯(ɾ)~
iː(ɾ)
iːɹ iə̯(ɹ)~
ɪə̯(ɹ)
ɪə̯(ɹ)~
ɪː(ɹ)
ɪə̯(ɹ)~
ɪː(ɹ)
jə(ɹ) ɪə̯(ɾ) deer, here
ɛər eː(ɹ)~
eː.ä(ɹ)
ɛɹ ɛɹ~
ɛə̯(ɾ)~
eː(ɾ)
eːɹ iə̯(ɹ)~
eə̯(ɹ)
ɛə̯(ɹ)~
ɛː(ɹ)[47]
ɛə̯(ɹ)~
ɛː(ɹ)~
eː(ɹ)
ɛ(ɹ) ɛː(ɾ) mare, there, bear
ɔr oː(ɹ) ɔɹ ɔɹ~ ɒː(ɾ) ɑɹ oː(ɹ) oː(ɹ) ɔɾ ɔː(ɹ)~
oː(ɹ)
ɔ(ɹ) ɒː(ɾ) sort, warm
ɔər oːɹ oː(ɾ) tore, boar, port
ʊər ʉː.ə(ɹ)~
oː(ɹ)
ʊɹ ʊɹ~ɔɹ~ ʊə̯(ɾ)~
uː(ɾ)
uːɹ,
oːɹ
ʊɐ̯(ɹ)
ʉː.ɐ(ɹ)
ɵː(ɹ)~
oː(ɹ)[48]
ʊə̯(ɹ)~
oː(ɹ)
wə(ɹ) ʊə̯(ɾ) tour, moor
jʊər jʉː.ə(ɹ)~
joː(ɹ)
jʊɹ, jɝ jʊə̯(ɾ)~
juː(ɾ)
juɹ, joːɹ jʊɐ̯(ɹ),
jʉː.ɐ(ɹ)
jɵː(ɹ)~
joː(ɹ)
juɾ jʊə̯(ɹ),
joː(ɹ)
jɔ(ɹ) ɪʊə̯(ɾ) pure, Europe
Dia-
phoneme
[1]
AuE
Australia
CaE
Canada
GA
United States
InE
India
IrE
Republic of Ireland
NZE
New Zealand
RP
United Kingdom
ScE
Scotland
SAE
South Africa
SSE
Singapore
WaE
Wales
Keyword Examples
IPA: Other symbols used in transcription of English pronunciation
IPA Explanation
Primary stress indicator (placed before the stressed syllable); for example, rapping /ˈræpɪŋ/
Secondary stress/full vowel indicator (placed before the stressed syllable); for example, pronunciation /prɵˌnʌnsiˈeɪʃən/
Syllable separation indicator; for example, ice cream /ˈaɪs.kriːm/ vs. I scream /ˌaɪ.ˈskriːm/
̩ ̍ Syllabic consonant indicator (placed under the syllabic consonant); for example, ridden [ˈɹɪdn̩]

See also

Notes

References

External links

  • MP3 sound files for all IPA symbols on the chart (limited version is available to anyone)
  • The International Phonetic Alphabet (revised to 2005) Symbols for all languages are shown on this one-page chart.
  • lexconvert a GPL command-line program to convert between Unicode IPA and the ASCII notations of various English speech synthesizers
  • Online IPA editor for English
  • Online/Offline IPA editor for English
  • John C. Wells of RP transcriptions
as:ৱিকিপিডিয়া:IPA for English

br:Lizherenneg Fonetikel Etrebroadel ar saozneg es:Anexo:Tabla del Alfabeto Fonético Internacional para el inglés it:Tabelle IPA per l'inglese ms:Carta IPA untuk dialek Inggeris or:ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ:IPA for English ru:Таблица МФА для английского языка simple:IPA chart for English ta:ஆங்கில ஒலிப்புக் குறிகள் uk:Міжнародний фонетичний алфавіт (англійська мова) zh:英語國際音標列表

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.