World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Iso/iec 15693

Article Id: WHEBN0001468909
Reproduction Date:

Title: Iso/iec 15693  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Proximity card, Radio-frequency identification, ISO 3166, List of International Organization for Standardization standards, Phase jitter modulation
Collection: Iso/Iec Standards
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Iso/iec 15693

ISO/IEC 15693, is an ISO standard for vicinity cards, i.e. cards which can be read from a greater distance as compared to proximity cards.

ISO/IEC 15693 systems operate at the 13.56 MHz frequency, and offer maximum read distance of 1–1.5 meters. As the vicinity cards have to operate at a greater distance, the necessary magnetic field is less (0.15 to 5 A/m) than that for a proximity card (1.5 to 7.5 A/m).

Contents

  • Communication to the card 1
  • Communication to the reader 2
    • Amplitude shift keying 2.1
    • Frequency shift keying 2.2
  • Manufacturer codes 3
  • Implementations 4
  • Products with ISO15693 interface 5
  • External links 6

Communication to the card

Communication from the reader to the card uses an amplitude-shift keying with 10% or 100% modulation index.

The data coding is:

1 out of 4 pulse position modulation
2 bits are coded as the position of a 9.44 µs pause in a 75.52 µs symbol time, giving a bit rate of 26.48 kilobits per second The least-significant bits are sent first.
1 out of 256 pulse position modulation
8 bits are coded as the position of a 9.44 µs pause in a 4.833 ms symbol time, giving a bit rate of 1.65 kbit/s.

Communication to the reader

The card has two ways to send its data back to the reader:

Amplitude shift keying

Amplitude-shift keying 100% modulation index on a 423.75 kHz subcarrier. The data rate can be:

  • Low 6.62 kbit/s (fc/2048)
  • High 26.48 kbit/s (fc/512)

A logic 0 starts with eight pulses of 423.75 kHz followed by an unmodulated time of 18.88 µs (256/ fc); a logic 1 is the other way round. The data frame delimitors are code violations, a start of frame is:

  1. an unmodulated time of 56.64 µs (768/ fc),
  2. 24 pulses of 423.75 kHz
  3. a logic 1

and the end of a frame is:

  1. a logic 0
  2. 24 pulses of 423.75 kHz
  3. an unmodulated time of 56.64 µs

The data are sent using a Manchester code.

Frequency shift keying

Frequency-shift keying by switching between a 423.75 kHz sub carrier (operating frequency divided by 32) and a 484.25 kHz sub carrier (operating frequency divided by 28). The data rate can be:

  • Low 6.67 kbit/s (fc/2032)
  • High 26.69 kbit/s (fc/508)

A logic 0 starts with eight pulses of 423.75 kHz followed by nine pulses of 484.28 kHz; a logic 1 is the other way round. The data frame delimitors are code violations, a start of frame is:

  1. 27 pulses of 484.28 kHz
  2. 24 pulses of 423.75 kHz
  3. a logic 1

and the end of a frame is:

  1. a logic 0
  2. 24 pulses of 423.75 kHz
  3. 27 pulses of 484.28 kHz

The data are sent using a Manchester code.

Manufacturer codes

see ISO/IEC 7816-6

  1. Code 0x01: Motorola
  2. Code 0x02: ST Microelectronics
  3. Code 0x03: Hitachi
  4. Code 0x04: NXP Semiconductors
  5. Code 0x05: Infineon Technologies
  6. Code 0x06: Cylinc
  7. Code 0x07: Texas Instruments Tag-it™
  8. Code 0x08: Fujitsu Limited
  9. Code 0x09: Matsushita Electric Industrial
  10. Code 0x0A: NEC
  11. Code 0x0B: Oki Electric
  12. Code 0x0C: Toshiba
  13. Code 0x0D: Mitsubishi Electric
  14. Code 0x0E: Samsung Electronics
  15. Code 0x0F: Hyundai Electronics
  16. Code 0x10: LG Semiconductors
  17. Code 0x16: EM Microelectronic-Marin
  18. Code 0x1F: Melexis
  19. Code 0x2B: Maxim
  20. Code 0x33: AMIC

Implementations

The UID should be always 0xE0. iCLASS family of cards and tags by HID Global, with a maximum read range 45 centimetres (18 in).

Products with ISO15693 interface

  • EEPROM

External links

  • ISO/IEC 15693-1:2000 Identification cards — Contactless integrated circuit(s) cards — Vicinity cards — Part 1: Physical characteristics
  • ISO/IEC 15693-2:2006 Identification cards — Contactless integrated circuit cards — Vicinity cards — Part 2: Air interface and initialization
  • ISO/IEC 15693-3:2009 Identification cards — Contactless integrated circuit cards — Vicinity cards — Part 3: Anticollision and transmission protocol


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.