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At position 0xA0 there's always the non breaking space and 0xAD is mostly the soft hyphen, which only shows at line breaks. Other empty fields are either unassigned or the system used isn't able to display them.

There are new additions as ISO/IEC 8859-7:2003 and ISO/IEC 8859-8:1999 versions. LRM stands for left-to-right mark (U+200E) and RLM stands for right-to-left mark (U+200F).

Relationship to Unicode and the UCS

Since 1991, the Unicode Consortium has been working with ISO and IEC to develop the Unicode Standard and ISO/IEC 10646: the Universal Character Set (UCS) in tandem. Newer editions of ISO/IEC 8859 express characters in terms of their Unicode/UCS names and the U+nnnn notation, effectively causing each part of ISO/IEC 8859 to be a Unicode/UCS character encoding scheme that maps a very small subset of the UCS to single 8-bit bytes. The first 256 characters in Unicode and the UCS are identical to those in ISO/IEC-8859-1 (Latin-1).

Single-byte character sets including the parts of ISO/IEC 8859 and derivatives of them were favoured throughout the 1990s, having the advantages of being well-established and more easily implemented in software: the equation of one byte to one character is simple and adequate for most single-language applications, and there are no combining characters or variant forms. As Unicode-enabled operating systems became more widespread, ISO/IEC 8859 and other legacy encodings became less popular. While remnants of ISO 8859 and single-byte character models remain entrenched in many operating systems, programming languages, data storage systems, networking applications, display hardware, and end-user application software, most modern computing applications use Unicode internally, and rely on conversion tables to map to and from other encodings, when necessary.

Development status

The ISO/IEC 8859 standard was maintained by ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 2, Working Group 3 (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2/WG 3). In June 2004, WG 3 disbanded, and maintenance duties were transferred to SC 2. The standard is not currently being updated, as the Subcommittee's only remaining working group, WG 2, is concentrating on development of ISO/IEC 10646.

References

  • Published versions of each part of ISO/IEC 8859 are available, for a fee, from the ISO catalogue site and from the IEC Webstore.
  • PDF versions of the final drafts of some parts of ISO/IEC 8859 as submitted for review & publication by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2/WG 3 are available at the WG 3 web site:
    • ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 1: Latin alphabet No. 1 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published April 15, 1998)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-4:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 4: Latin alphabet No. 4 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published July 1, 1998)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-7:1999 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 7: Latin/Greek alphabet (draft dated June 10, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-7:2003, published October 10, 2003)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-10:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 10: Latin alphabet No. 6 (draft dated February 12, 1998, published July 15, 1998)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-11:1999 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 11: Latin/Thai character set (draft dated June 22, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-11:2001, published 15 December 2001)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-13:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 13: Latin alphabet No. 7 (draft dated April 15, 1998, published October 15, 1998)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-15:1998 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 15: Latin alphabet No. 9 (draft dated August 1, 1997; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-15:1999, published March 15, 1999)
    • ISO/IEC 8859-16:2000 - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets, Part 16: Latin alphabet No. 10 (draft dated November 15, 1999; superseded by ISO/IEC 8859-16:2001, published July 15, 2001)
  • ECMA standards, which in intent correspond exactly to the ISO/IEC 8859 character set standards, can be found at:
    • Standard ECMA-94: 8-Bit Single Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin Alphabets No. 1 to No. 4 2nd edition (June 1986)
    • Standard ECMA-113: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Cyrillic Alphabet 3rd edition (December 1999)
    • Standard ECMA-114: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Arabic Alphabet 2nd edition (December 2000)
    • Standard ECMA-118: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Greek Alphabet (December 1986)
    • Standard ECMA-121: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin/Hebrew Alphabet 2nd edition (December 2000)
    • Standard ECMA-128: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets - Latin Alphabet No. 5 2nd edition (December 1999)
    • Standard ECMA-144: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Character Sets - Latin Alphabet No. 6 3rd edition (December 2000)
  • ISO/IEC 8859-1 to Unicode mapping tables as plain text files are at the Unicode FTP site.
  • Informal descriptions and code charts for most ISO/IEC 8859 standards are available in ISO/IEC 8859 Alphabet Soup (Mirror)
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Iso/iec 8859

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Title: Iso/iec 8859  
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Subject: List of Ecma standards, ISO/IEC 8859-8, Latin Extended-A, Unicode, UTF-8
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Iso/iec 8859

/a>
Į Ē Ç
1100 1000 310 200 C8 È Č È Č Ш ب Θ   È Č Č È
1100 1001 311 201 C9 É Щ ة Ι   É É
1100 1010 312 202 CA Ê Ę Ê Ę Ъ ت Κ   Ê Ę Ź Ê
1100 1011 313 203 CB Ë Ы ث Λ   Ë Ė Ë
1100 1100 314 204 CC Ì Ě Ì Ė Ь ج Μ   Ì Ė Ģ Ì
1100 1101 315 205 CD Í Э ح Ν   Í Ķ Í
1100 1110 316 206 CE Î Ю خ Ξ   Î Ī Î
1100 1111 317 207 CF Ï Ď Ï Ī Я د Ο   Ï Ļ Ï
Binary Oct Dec Hex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16
1101 0000 320 208 D0 Ð Đ   Đ а ذ Π   Ğ Ð Š Ŵ Ð
1101 0001 321 209 D1 Ñ Ń Ñ Ņ б ر Ρ   Ñ Ņ Ń Ñ Ń
1101 0010 322 210 D2 Ò Ň Ò Ō в ز     Ò Ō Ņ Ò
1101 0011 323 211 D3 Ó Ķ г س Σ   Ó Ó
1101 0100 324 212 D4 Ô д ش Τ   Ô Ō Ô
1101 0101 325 213 D5 Õ Ő Ġ Õ е ص Υ   Õ Ő
1101 0110 326 214 D6 Ö ж ض Φ   Ö Ö
1101 0111 327 215 D7 × з ط Χ   × Ũ × × Ś
1101 1000 330 216 D8 Ø Ř Ĝ Ø и ظ Ψ   Ø Ų Ø Ű
1101 1001 331 217 D9 Ù Ů Ù Ų й ع Ω   Ù Ų Ł Ù
1101 1010 332 218 DA Ú к غ Ϊ   Ú Ś Ú
1101 1011 333 219 DB Û Ű Û л   Ϋ   Û   Ū Û
1101 1100 334 220 DC Ü м   ά   Ü   Ü
1101 1101 335 221 DD Ý Ŭ Ũ н   έ   İ Ý   Ż Ý Ę
1101 1110 336 222 DE Þ Ţ Ŝ Ū о   ή   Ş Þ   Ž Ŷ Þ Ț
1101 1111 337 223 DF ß п   ί ß ฿ ß
1110 0000 340 224 E0 à ŕ à ā р ـ ΰ א à ā ą à
1110 0001 341 225 E1 á с ف α ב á į á
1110 0010 342 226 E2 â т ق β ג â ā â
1110 0011 343 227 E3 ã ă   ã у ك γ ד ã ć ã ă
1110 0100 344 228 E4 ä ф ل δ ה ä ä
1110 0101 345 229 E5 å ĺ ċ å х م ε ו å å ć
1110 0110 346 230 E6 æ ć ĉ æ ц ن ζ ז æ ę æ
1110 0111 347 231 E7 ç į ч ه η ח ç į ē ç
1110 1000 350 232 E8 è č è č ш و θ ט è č č è
1110 1001 351 233 E9 é щ ى ι י é é
1110 1010 352 234 EA ê ę ê ę ъ ي κ ך ê ę ź ê
1110 1011 353 235 EB ë ы ً λ כ ë ė ë
1110 1100 354 236 EC ì ě ì ė ь ٌ μ ל ì ė ģ ì
1110 1101 355 237 ED í э ٍ ν ם í ķ í
1110 1110 356 238 EE î ю َ ξ מ î ī î
1110 1111 357 239 EF ï ď ï ī я ُ ο ן ï ļ ï
1111 0000 360 240 F0 ð đ   đ ِ π נ ğ ð š ŵ ð đ
1111 0001 361 241 F1 ñ ń ñ ņ ё ّ ρ ס ñ ņ ń ñ ń
1111 0010 362 242 F2 ò ň ò ō ђ ْ ς ע ò ō ņ ò
1111 0011 363 243 F3 ó ķ ѓ   σ ף ó ó
1111 0100 364 244 F4 ô є   τ פ ô ō ô
1111 0101 365 245 F5 õ ő ġ õ ѕ   υ ץ õ ő
1111 0110 366 246 F6 ö і   φ צ ö ö
1111 0111 367 247 F7 ÷ ї   χ ק ÷ ũ ÷ ÷ ś
1111 1000 370 248 F8 ø ř ĝ ø ј   ψ ר ø ų ø ű
1111 1001 371 249 F9 ù ů ù ų љ   ω ש ù ų ł ù
1111 1010 372 250 FA ú њ   ϊ ת ú ś ú
1111 1011 373 251 FB û ű û ћ   ϋ   û ū û
1111 1100 374 252 FC ü ќ   ό   ü   ü
1111 1101 375 253 FD ý ŭ ũ §   ύ LRM ı ý   ż ý ę
1111 1110 376 254 FE þ ţ ŝ ū ў   ώ RLM ş þ   ž ŷ þ ț
1111 1111 377 255 FF ÿ ˙ џ       ÿ ĸ   ÿ
Binary Oct Dec Hex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16
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