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Icelandic nationalism

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Title: Icelandic nationalism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ethnic nationalism, Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic nationalism, Helgi Pjeturss, History of Iceland
Collection: History of Iceland, Icelandic Nationalism, Nationalism by Country or Region
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Icelandic nationalism

Þjóðernishyggja is the Icelandic term for nationalism; nationmindedness is a rough translation of the term. Its use was instrumental in the Icelandic movement for independence from Denmark, led by independence hero Jón Sigurðsson.

Þjóðernishyggja is now commonly used for patriotism in Icelandic interchangeable with another word: Föðurlandsást, i. e. Love of one's country or patriotism. There is little difference between the two in Icelandic and they are considered to be the same by most. Extreme nationalism in the English sense would be called Þjóðernissósíalismi, literally National Socialism, but that has never had any significant political following in Iceland and is openly derided.

Icelandic Nationalism or Þjóðernishyggja or Föðurlandsást is based upon the idea of resurrection of the Icelandic Free State, and its values (or what was believed to be its values): democracy, freedom of the individual, the need for the country to be independent, and respect for the cultural and religious traditions, specially the long preserved language. Historically, Icelanders have seen their current republic to be the reincarnation of the old Free state, and thus is Icelandic Nationalism today based upon preserving what was gained by the independence movement. Thus Icelandic nationalist sentiment, having some aspects of civic nationalism, is highly respectful of democratic parliamentary powers (see resurrected Althing) and skeptical of foreign

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