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Imperial Aramaic

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Title: Imperial Aramaic  
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Subject: Assyria, Persian language, Unicode, Assyrian people, Biblical Hebrew, Biblical Aramaic, Pahlavi scripts, Northwest Semitic languages, Syria, Manichaean alphabet
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Imperial Aramaic

Imperial Aramaic
Official Aramaic
Region Ancient Near East
Era 700–300 BCE
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-2 arc
ISO 639-3 arc
Linguist List

Imperial Aramaic, or Official Aramaic, is an ancient Afro-Asiatic language spoken in the Near East between about 700 and 300 BCE. It received its name from the fact that it was adopted as the administrative language of the Achaemenid Persian empire at about 500 BCE.[1] It succeeded Old Aramaic.



  • T. Muraoka & B. Porten. 2004. A Grammar of Egyptian Aramaic. Handbook of Oriental Studies, The Near and Middle East. Brill.
  • Franz Rosenthal. 1995. A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic. 6th revised edition. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

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