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Imperial Seal of the Mongols

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Title: Imperial Seal of the Mongols  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National symbols of Mongolia, Northern Yuan dynasty, Ejei Khan, Mongol Empire, Yassa
Collection: History of Mongolia, Mongol Empire, National Seals, National Symbols of Mongolia, Northern Yuan Dynasty
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Imperial Seal of the Mongols

The Imperial Seal of Mongolia is a seal (tamgha-тамга) that was used by the Mongols. The imperial seals had inscriptions in Mongolian script or other scripts that used in Mongol regimes.

Seal of Güyük Khan using the classical Mongolian script, as found in a letter sent to the Roman Pope Innocent IV. Möngke ṭngri-yin küčündür. Yeke Mongγol ulus-un dalai-in qanu ǰrlγ. Il bulγa irgen-dür kürbesü, büsiretügüi azatuγai.

According to Plano Carpini, the Russian handicraftsman, Kozma, made a seal for Güyük Khan. This seal might have been a seal used to stamp the letter to Pope Innocent IV.

Translation of Oljeitu's message by Buscarello de Ghizolfi, on the back of the letter (visible here).

The Polish scholar, Cyrill Koralevsky, shot a photo of the seal in 1920. The prominent French Mongolist, P.Pelliot, translated the Mongolian scripts on the seal later. However, the Mongolists believe that Kozma made only one of the imperial seals and a seal on the letter is Genghis Khan's, which was inherited by his successors.[1] During the Yuan Dynasty, which ruled the whole of China, there were several seals. Ayushridar had an imperial seal with the script "Northern Yuan". In the 16th century, the Mongolians used a square-shaped seal. Ejei Khan gave one of those seals to the Manchus in 1635, who in turn established the Qing Dynasty.

Imperial seal of Bogd Khan in 1911.

Bogd Khan had a tamgha (seal) with the inscription "Holiness - Bogd Khaan who holds religion and authority" in the 20th century.


  1. ^ Их Монгол төрийн Хас эрдэнийн тамга[1]
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